|This article needs additional citations for verification. (October 2015)|
|Founded by||Sheikh Farid|
|Named for||Sheikh Farid|
|• Body||Municipal Corporation of Faridabad|
|• Commissioner||Ashok Kumar Sharma|
|• Mayor||Ashok Arora|
|• Total||742.9 km2 (286.8 sq mi)|
|Elevation||198 m (650 ft)|
|• Density||2,421/km2 (6,270/sq mi)|
|• Official||Hindi, Punjabi|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Vehicle registration||HR-51, HR-29, HR-38(commercial), DL-16(Delhi NCR)|
Faridabad is the largest city in the north Indian state of Haryana, in Faridabad district. It is a leading industrial center and situated in the National Capital Region bordering the Indian capital New Delhi. It is surrounded by Delhi to its North, Noida to its North East, Greater Noida to its East and Gurgaon to its West. Thus it is easily accessible from all locations in National Capital Region. Down the way in South alongside National Highway 2 it has Ballabhgarh, Palwal, Mathura (along Vrindavan) and then Agra. Faridabad enjoys a prime location both geographically and politically. The river Yamuna forms the eastern district boundary with Uttar Pradesh.
The newly developed residential and industrial part of Faridabad (Sec. 66 to 89) between Agra Canal and Yamuna River is commonly referred as Neharpar or Greater Faridabad. The area is being developed as a self-sustained sub-city with wide roads, tall buildings, malls, educational institutions, and health and commercial centers. Sector 66 to 74 are Industrial Sectors whereas Sector 75 to 89 are Residential Sectors.
The Delhi-Agra National Highway No.2 (Sher Shah Suri Marg) passes through the centre of the Faridabad district. The city has many railway stations on the Delhi-Mathura double track broad-gauge line of the North Central Railway. The railway stations of Old Faridabad and Faridabad New Town are the major ones.
Faridabad is also a major industrial hub of Haryana. 50% of the income tax collected in Haryana is from Faridabad and Gurgaon. Faridabad is famous for Henna production from the agricultural sector, while tractors, motorcycles, switch gears, refrigerators, shoes and tyres constitute its primary industrial products.
The Municipal Corporation of Faridabad (MCF) provides the urban civic amenities to the citizens of Faridabad City.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Administration
- 4 Military
- 5 Economy
- 6 Transportation and Connectivity
- 7 Demographics
- 8 Education
- 9 Healthcare
- 10 Communications
- 11 Sports
- 12 Tourism
- 13 Religious Sites
- 14 Smart City
- 15 Environment
- 16 Notable people
- 17 Notes
- 18 References
- 19 External links
Faridabad, the south-eastern district in the state of Haryana, was founded in 1607 AD by Farid, the treasurer of Jahangir, with the object of protecting the Grand Trunk Road (now National Highway 2) which passed through the town. Sheikh Farid built a fort, a tank and a mosque which are now in ruins. Later on, it became the headquarters of a Pargana which was held in jagir by Ballabgarh ruler.
As a part of Pakistani Refugee Resettlement Project after the Partition of India, light industrial development was initiated in the town in 1950. At that time Delhi was completely filled and then prime minister Jawahar Lal Nehru had the responsibility of economic development and transferred the industries to this city and the refugees worked in these industries. Thus, refugees laid down the initial infrastructure of the present Faridabad.
City is located on the plains of the Yamuna river. It is bordered by the Yamuna to the east and Aravali hills towards the west and southwest. Today, virtually all of the land has been developing with residential housing as the population of the city swelled during the mid-1990s.
Much like the rest of India, the people of Faridabad rely on the ground water for their basic needs which is the gift of good monsoon season.
Faridabad close proximity to River Yamuna makes its land very appropriate for long term sustainability and for making sufficient natural resources like water available to its residents. Further unlike Gurgaon which is prone to direct hot summer winds coming from Jaipur (in Rajasthan), Faridabad is blessed because of Aravali Range Mountains between Gurgaon and Faridabad blocking hot summer winds to enter its geographical space.
|Climate chart (explanation)|
The climate of Faridabad district can be classified as tropical steppe, hot semi-arid (Köppen BSh) which is mainly characterized by the extreme dryness of the air except during monsoon months. During three months of south west monsoon from last week of June to September, the moist air of oceanic penetrate into the district and causes high humidity, cloudiness and monsoon rainfall. The period from October to December constitutes post monsoon season. The cold weather season prevails from January to the beginning of March and followed by the hot weather or summer season which prevails up to the last week of June.
The normal annual rainfall in Faridabad district is about 542 mm (21.3 in) spread over 27 days. The south west monsoon sets in the last week of June and withdraws towards the end of September and contributes about 85% of the annual rainfall. July and August are the wettest months 15% of the annual rainfall occurs during the non-monsoon months in the wake of thunder storms and western disturbances.
|Climate data for Faridabad|
|Average high °C (°F)||21
|Average low °C (°F)||8
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||18
|Source: Weather 2|
The list is as below
|S. No.||Department||Title||Position Holder||Qualification|
|1||Civil||Deputy Commissioner & District Magistrate||Dr. Amit Kumar Agrawal||IAS|
|2||Civil||Additional Deputy Commissioner||Sh. Aditya Dahiya||IAS|
|3||Judiciary||District & Sessions Judge||Sh. Darshan Singh|
|4||Police||Commissioner||Sh. Subhash Yadav||IPS|
The Indian Air Force (IAF) operates Raja Nahar Singh Base as a logistics base in Faridabad. The resident unit is No.56 Air Storage Park as well as the Air Force Guard Dog Training Unit. The IAF Base is commanded by a Group Captain of the Logistics Branch. Formerly, a SA-2 SAM Squadron was also based in Faridabad. Although there is no army organisation in the city, there are many retired army officers settled here.
The Faridabad Small Industries Association claims that Faridabad and Gurgaon districts account for almost 56% of the income tax collected in Haryana. Faridabad has been selected as one of the hundred Indian cities to be developed as a smart city under PM Narendra Modi's flagship Smart Cities Mission. 
Faridabad is the largest exporter of henna (Mehandi) in India. According to "Faridabad Henna Manufacturing Association", estimated sale of henna from Faridabad is worth ₹250 crore (US$37 million)–₹300 crore (US$44 million) annually.
Central government offices
Many directorates of different union government ministries are headquartered in Faridabad including Central Ground Water Board, Department of Plant Quarantine and Central Insecticide Lab, and Union Government Offices from Haryana including Commissioner of Central Excise within Department of Revenue, Government of India, Department of Explosives, Department of Labour. The Apex Central Training Institute of the Department of Revenue, Government of India, National Academy of Customs Excise & Narcotics is located at Sector 29. National Power Training Institute, an autonomous body under Ministry of Power, Government of India has a corporate office in Faridabad.
Faridabad is the industrial capital of Haryana. As of 2013, out of total 11,665 registered working factories in Haryana, 2,499 were in Faridabad which was followed by Gurgaon with 2,116 factories. According to a study, growth of Faridabad has been declined in last 2 decades, share of Faridabad in investment is less than 1% and 93% of investment is in paper industry. The industrial contribution of Faridabad to Haryana’s revenue was declined from 29% to 22% in 2012-13. Faridabad is home to large-scale companies like India Yamaha Motor Pvt. Ltd., Havells India Limited, JCB India Limited, Indian Oil (R&D), Larsen & Toubro (L&T), Agri Machinery Group (Escorts Limited), Whirlpool India Ltd., ABB Group, Goodyear India Ltd., Bata India Ltd and Eicher Tractor Ltd. E-tailer major Lenskart and healthcare startup Lybrate have their headquarters in Faridabad. More than 5,000 units of auto parts producers are based in Faridabad.
Faridabad has emerged as the most attractive real estate investment destination, after Gurgaon, Delhi and Noida, followed by Alwar, according to a recent study on ‘Determinants of real estate: A survey of Delhi NCR’.
Transportation and Connectivity
Faridabad is on the broad gauge of New Delhi - Mumbai Line. New Delhi and Hazrat Nizammudin Railway Station is about 25 km away from Old Faridabad railway station. The trains for big cities like Mumbai, Chennai, Hyderabad are easily accessible from here. Local Trains runs between New Delhi to Faridabad. There are three railway stations in the city viz. Faridabad (FDB), Faridabad New Town (FDN) and Ballabgarh (BVH). Earlier it was the last station of central railway, but now it has been included in Northern railway.
Delhi Metro Violet Line connects Faridabad with Delhi. The extension of Violet Line to Faridabad was inaugurated by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 6 Sepetmeber 2015. There are 9 metro stations in Faridabad corridor of Delhi Metro which are all elevated. Further Delhi Metro will be extended to Ballabgarh from Faridabad and the work is likely to be completed by 2017. Haryana government is also planning to link Faridabad and Gurgaon by Metro. Currently the Faridabad corridor of Delhi Metro Violet Line is the longest metro corridor in the National Capital Region (NCR) consisting of 9 stations and the total length of corridor being 14 km.
The 9 metro stations are Sarai, NHPC Chowk, Mewala Maharajpur, Sector 28, Badkal Mor, Old Faridabad, Neelam Chowk Ajronda, Bata Chowk and Escorts Mujesar.
Faridabad is well connected with Delhi through Delhi Faridabad Skyway (Badarpur Flyover). The skyway is located in Badarpur, Delhi, at the junction of NH 2 and Mehrauli-Badarpur Road. The National Highway-2 (Delhi-Mathura Road) passes through the city, and thus it is well connected to nearby states. Roadways services of Haryana (Haryana Roadways) and neighbouring states like Delhi Transport Corporation, Uttar Pradesh Transport Department, and Madhya Pradesh Transport Department are easily accessible. Faridabad is also connected to Gurgaon through Gurgaon-Faridabad Road which starts from Sec 26 in Gurgaon and end near Badhkal Lake in Faridabad. Faridabad is going to become the best connected locations in NCR in the coming years because of multiple factors including
- Two bridges connecting Greater Faridabad to Noida and Greater Noida
- Kalindi Kunj Bypass Road Project.
- Two upcoming bridges over Yamuna will connect Greater Faridabad to Noida and Greater Noida. One of the bridges is proposed to link Noida's Sector 168 with Faridabad's Badoli village (Near Bypass Road) The other bridge would connect Faridabad-Noida-Ghaziabad (FNG) expressway from Noida's Sector 150 to National Highway 2 in Faridabad which is a part of the planned Eastern Peripheral Expressway also termed as National Expressway 2 (India) or KGP (Kundli-Ghaziabad-Palwal) Expressway. Government has already approved construction of the road connecting Faridabad and Greater Noida that will improve the connectivity with clearances received from both Haryana and Uttar Pradesh Governments The much-awaited FNG (Faridabad-Noida-Ghaziabad Expressway) is finally coming on track and will provide fast connectivity to daily commuters of the area once complete; apart from this, it is also emerging as an excellent stretch for real estate development. FNG Expressway is around 56 km long with 19.9 km in Noida-Greater Noida region, 8 km in Ghaziabad, while the rest 28.1 km is in the Faridabad region, especially the developing sectors of Neharpar. According to the plan, FNG from Noida side will become operational in the next 14 months while it would take three years for the whole stretch to become fully operational The completed expressway designed by IIT-Roorkee will offer commuters direct connectivity between Noida and Greater Faridabad and put an end to massive traffic jams
- Kalindi Kunj Bypass Project has been approved which will connect DND Flyway at Maharani Bagh, Delhi to Faridabad Bypass Road near Badarpur Border. According to PWD officials, the bypass will connect the DND Flyway, cutting across the Agra Canal along the Yamuna, which runs perpendicular to Sarita Vihar and ends near Badarpur border, which further connects to Faridabad. "Commuters heading from east Delhi, South Delhi and Noida to Faridabad will be able to avoid the road to Ashram Chowk completely and that will help decongest the area for local users. The estimated cost of the project is Rupees 200 Crores and will be competed in two phases. In the first phase the stretch from Maharani Bagh (at DND Flyway) to Kalindi Kunj will be completed. In the second phase the stretch from Kalindi Kunj to Faridabad will see completion The bypass will dramatically reduce travel time between Delhi and Faridabad as it will serve as an alternative to Mathura Road. Unified Traffic and Transportation Infrastructure (Planning and Engineering) Centre (UTTIPEC) gave the Public Works Department (PWD) its consent to move ahead after Lieutenant-Governor Najeeb Jung gave the approval to the project.
Additional Connectivity between Faridabad and Greater Faridabad/ Neharpar Faridabad Haryana Govt. has planned construction of four bridges over Agra Canal to connect Faridabad with Greater Faridabad (or Neharpar) in addition to three already functional bridges. At present three bridges i.e., Kheri, BPTP and Palla connects Faridbad with Greater Faridabad (or Neharpar). HUDA is soon going to start construction work of four additional bridges connecting Faridabad with Greater Faridabad. The first bridge will connect Sec. 74 and 75 in Greater Faridabad with Sec. 3 & 8 in Faridabad. The second bridge will connect Sec. 81 and 86 in Greater Faridabad with Sec. 14 and 17 in Faridabad. The third bridge will connect Sec. 86 and 87 in Greater Faridabad with Sec. 17 and 18 in Faridabad. The fourth bridge will connect Sec. 89 in Greater Faridabad with Sec. 19 and 29 in Faridabad. All bridges will be of six lanes
Faridabad is served by Indira Gandhi International Airport, New Delhi which is around 35 km from Faridabad. The airport is one of the busiest airports in India and provides domestic and international air connectivity.
Faridabad has a large number of private schools. Schools like Delhi Public School, Apeejay School and Modern Vidya Niketan, Sector 17 are among the top 10 schools in the city, according to the 2015 Hindustan Times - C fore Top Schools Survey. Schools in Faridabad are affiliated either with the All-India Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations (CISCE) or the Central Board for Secondary Education (CBSE) boards. The language of instruction is English or Hindi. Besides these there are many government run public schools which are administered by Haryana Board of School Education. There are also three Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan schools in the city which are affiliated to Central Board for Secondary Education (CBSE) and are run by central government. Some of the institutes for primary and secondary education are:
- Apeejay School, Faridabad Sector 15
- Delhi Public School, Faridabad Sector 19 and Sector 81
- Dynasty International School
- Eicher School Sector 46
- Holy Child Public School
- John F. Kennedy Public School
- Modern Vidya Niketan School, Aravali Hills
Aravali Public School,Mewla Maharajpur
There are numerous educational institutions in Faridabad that offer higher education courses. These colleges provide courses in different field like science, arts, commerce, engineering, MCA, etc. Some of the colleges that offer graduate and undergraduate courses include:
- Institute of Hotel Management, Faridabad
- Lingaya's University
- Manav Rachna International University
- National Power Training Institute
- Regional Centre for Biotechnology (RCB)
- YMCA University of Science and Technology
- National Institute of Financial Management
- Rattan Institute of Technology and Management
- Delhi Institute of Technology, Management and Research
- Gold Field Institute of Medical Science and Research
- Echelon institute of technology
- Aravali College of Engineering and Management
- INSTITUTE OF LAW AND RESEARCH, JASANA
- B.S.Anangpuria institute of Technology & Management
- D.A.V Centenary college
- K L Mehta
- Nehru college
- Regional Labour Institute, Sector 47
There are many private hospitals in Faridabad including:
- Asian Institute Of Medical Sciences
- Fortis Escorts Hospital
- Metro Heart Institute Hospital
- QRG Central Hospital & Research Centre
- Sun Flag Hospital & Research Centre
- Sarvodaya Hospital
- RG Stone Urology & Laparoscopy Hospital
- Ashwani Hospital
Besides these there are also many government hospitals in the city.
|This section does not cite any sources. (July 2012)|
Govt operated fixed line/land line telephone connections privately operated, world class network of fixed line phones.
Apart from electronics means of communication, the city is well connected through the postal services as well. Government owned Indian Postal Service and privately owned postal services like First Flight, DHL, FedEx, DTDC, Blue Dart etc. can be easily accessed.
|This section does not cite any sources. (September 2015)|
Facilities for cricket are available in Nahar Singh Stadium which was built in 1981, the ground has a capacity to hold around 25,000 people. The last ODI played here was between India and England on 31 March 2006. There is a golf-course here named Aravali Golf Club with 18 holes play plan. It is one of the oldest golf-course of India.
There is also a Khel Parisar sport complex in sector 12, facilitating Swimming, Horse Riding, Tennis, Football,Roller Skating etc.
Badkhal Lake was located in Badkhal village, 8 km from Delhi Border. The lake fringed by Aravalli hills was a man-made embankment which has now dried up. The lake complex, spread over 40 acres, had come up in 1969. In June 2015, Haryana government decided to revive the Badkhal lake here to once again attract tourists.
SurajKund Tourist Complex and International Crafts Fair
Situated at a distance of around 8 km from South Delhi. It is a 10th-century water reservoir which believed to be built by Tomar king Surajpal. Place is known for its annual fair "Surajkund International Crafts Mela" hosted by Haryana Tourism Corporation and Surajkund Mela Authority jointly, in collaboration with the union ministries of tourism, textiles, culture and external affairs, from February 1 to 15. 2015 edition of fair was visited by 1.2 million visitors including 160,000 foreigners with more than 20 countries participating in fair. The Suraj Kund Lake here is surrounded by rock cut steps. Built by Surajpal Tomar, Suraj Kund represents the rising sun. Ruins of a Sun temple lie around the lake. The complex includes a Rajhans, a pool of fresh water – Siddha Kund — the waters of which are said to have healing properties, and a garden. A handloom and handicrafts fair is held here annually in February. Skilled artisans from all over the country display the rich crafts tradition of India in the typical setting of a rural Indian marketplace. Cultural programmes like folk dances, magic, acrobats and rural cuisines are also a part of the fair. One can also see traditional crafts being made and buy them direct from the craftsmen. Food is served in Banana leaves and claypots.
2016 edition of Surajkund International Crafts Mela will be the 30th edition and People's republic of China will be participating in the fair. Participation of the China will be the part of agreement signed between India and China in 2014 to celebrate year 2016 as "Year of China in India".
- Shri 1008 Parshvanath Digambar Jain Mandir in Sector 16
- Jharna Mandir village Mohabbtabad
|This section does not cite any sources. (November 2015)|
- Sonu Nigam
- Himani Kapoor
- Richa Sharma
- Rahul Dalal
- Ajay Ratra
- Mahesh Rawat
- Anisa Sayyed
- Ved Tiwari
- Vijay Yadav
- "Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011; Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 10 October 2015.
- The Tribune, Chandigarh, India - Delhi and neighbourhood
- "District Map of Faridabad". Maps of India.
- "Acme Spaces". acmespaces.com.
- "The Tribune". 28 December 2005.
- "बाइक से लेकर हवाई जहाज तक के पुर्जे बनते फरीदाबाद में", Amar Ujala[dead link]
- Falling Rain Genomics, Inc – Faridabad, Fallingrain.com
- "August Climate History for Faridabad". Weather 2. Retrieved 5 August 2013.
- "Why only 98 cities instead of 100 announced: All questions answered about smart cities project". Firstpost.
- Sharma, Sumedha (18 October 2015), ‘Smart’ Faridabad seeks monetary help from Gurgaon, Gurgaon: The Tribune, Tribune News Service
- 70% of Haryana’s investment comes from Gurgaon, says industry body, Hindustan Times, 9 October 2015
- Faridabad's henna industry dying due to stiff competition from other countries and state policy - timesofindia-economictimes
- Central Ground Water Board, Ministry of Water Resources, RD &GR Government of India
- HOME, Npti Delhi, 2012-03-25, retrieved 2015-10-31
- "File not found".
- "IOC Faridabad unit to pump in bio-fuel; R&D unit gearing to reduce pressure on conventional fuel". timesofindia-economictimes.
- L&T-Gulf Private Limited
- Abhishek Law. "Eye-wear e-tailer Lenskart looks at 150% growth this fiscal". The Hindu Business Line.
- "Faridabad: Rents climbing, sleepy town is hot property". The Times of India.
- "Gurgaon scores over Delhi as real estate destination", The Hindu, 2 February 2016
- Municipal Corporation Faridabad (2015), Faridabad Connectivity
- PM Narendra Modi travels by Delhi Metro, The Economic Times, 6 September 2015
- "Faridabad Metro Corridor - Press Brief". Delhimetrorail.com. 2015-09-25. Retrieved 2015-11-03.
- "Haryana cabinet approves extension of Delhi Metro till Ballabgarh - The Times of India". Timesofindia.indiatimes.com. Retrieved 2015-11-03.
- "Faridabad-Gurgaon Metro link set to become reality". Tribuneindia.com. 2014-12-16. Retrieved 2015-11-03.
- "NCR’s longest Metro line in Faridabad | delhi". Hindustan Times. 2012-01-23. Retrieved 2015-11-03.
- "Faridabad Metro Corridor - Press Brief". delhimetrorail.com.
- DFSKYWAY | About DF SkyWay - The Project
- "Two bridges across Yamuna to link Noida and Haryana". The Times of India. Retrieved 27 July 2015.
- "Nod for road joining Greater Noida, Faridabad". The Times of India. Retrieved 27 July 2015.
- Tiwary, A K, Connectivity, smooth traffic, REAL GROWTH! FNG Expressway will be a boon for daily commuters once it is complete; also, it is emerging as a growth corridor for real estate development.
- "New E-Way To Link Noida With Faridabad - Times of India - 3-July-2014", RebelMouse, retrieved 27 July 2015
- Kalindi Kunj bypass gets a go ahead at last, retrieved 27 July 2015
- "Acme Spaces".
- "BMR Realtors". Retrieved 27 July 2015.
- "Indira Gandhi Delhi International Airport - Fact Sheet". newdelhiairport.in.
- Census 2011 at a Glance (District Faridabad)
- "Top Ten schools of Faridabad | india". Hindustan Times. 2012-09-05. Retrieved 2015-10-31.
- Department Of School Education, Haryana. "Directorate of School Education, Haryana". Schooleducationharyana.gov.in. Retrieved 2015-10-31.
- "List of Top MBA colleges in Faridabad along with their detailsOurEdu Blog | Exam,coaching, schools,college ranking and Job information". Blog.oureducation.in. Retrieved 2015-10-31.
- First Safety & Health Exhibition Center on Asbestos & Silica at RLI Faridabad, Delhi: Business Standard, 7 October 2015
- "Private Hospital in Faridabad". hospitalkhoj.com.
- "Hospitals in Faridabad". faridabadonline.in.
- Badkhal lake in Faridabad on way to revival, The Times of India, PTI, 8 June 2015
- CM at BJP rally may look at Badkhal lake revival, Tribune, 7 June 2015
- "Badkhal lake in Faridabad on way to revival". The Times of India.
- Vijay Kumar Gupta (1987). Tourism in India. Gyan Publishing House. pp. 27–. ISBN 978-81-212-0124-7.
- "Suraj Kund - Ticketed Monument - Archaeological Survey of India". Asi.nic.in. Retrieved 2015-10-31.
- Haryana to promote farmhouse tourism during Surajkund Mela, IBN Live, 11 July 2015
- "29th Surajkund International Crafts Mela Ends". Ndtv.com. Retrieved 2015-10-31.
- D2I – Doors 2 India. Surajkund Crafts Mela, Suraj Kund,Faridabad. D2i.in. Retrieved on 2012-01-10.
- "China to showcase artifacts in Haryana's Surajkund fair | Business Standard News". Business-standard.com. Retrieved 2015-10-31.
- "Digamber Jain Temples in Faridabad - Faridabad Digamber Jain Temples -Digamber Jain Mandir in Faridabad".
- Faridabad is a proud participant in the Indian Smart Cities Challenge
- Live talk show on Smart City project held in Faridabad
- फरीदाबाद डिवेलपमेंट अथॉरिटी जल्द!, Navbharat Times, 7 October 2015
- Activists move NGT to save Aravalli in Faridabad, Gurgaon
- http://www.FaridabadYellowPages.com - A 2 Z about Faridabad
- "Faridabad", The Imperial Gazetteer of India, Vol. 12, Oxford at Clarendon Press, 1909, p. 51
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Faridabad.|