|This article needs additional citations for verification. (October 2015)|
|Founded by||Sheikh Farid|
|Named for||Sheikh Farid|
|• Body||Municipal Corporation of Faridabad|
|• Commissioner||Ashok Kumar Sharma|
|• Mayor||Ashok Arora|
|• Total||742.9 km2 (286.8 sq mi)|
|Elevation||198 m (650 ft)|
|• Density||2,421/km2 (6,270/sq mi)|
|• Official||Hindi, Punjabi|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Vehicle registration||HR-51, HR-29, HR-38(commercial), DL-16(Delhi NCR)|
Faridabad is the largest city in the north Indian state of Haryana, in Faridabad district. It is a leading industrial center and situated in the National Capital Region bordering the Indian capital New Delhi. It is surrounded by Delhi to its North, Noida to its North East, Greater Noida to its East and Gurgaon to its West. Thus it is easily accessible from all locations in National Capital Region. Down the way in South alongside National Highway 2 it has Ballabhgarh, Palwal, Mathura (along Vrindavan) and then Agra. Faridabad enjoys a prime location both geographically and politically. The river Yamuna forms the eastern district boundary with Uttar Pradesh.
The newly developed residential and industrial part of Faridabad (Sec. 66 to 89) between Agra Canal and Yamuna River is commonly referred as Neharpar or Greater Faridabad. The area is being developed as a self-sustained sub-city with wide roads, tall buildings, malls, educational institutions, and health and commercial centers. Sector 66 to 74 are Industrial Sectors whereas Sector 75 to 89 are Residential Sectors.
The Delhi-Agra National Highway No.2 (Sher Shah Suri Marg) passes through the centre of the Faridabad district. The city has many railway stations on the Delhi-Mathura double track broad-gauge line of the North Central Railway. The railway stations of Old Faridabad and New Industrial Township are the major ones.
Faridabad is also a major industrial hub of Haryana. 50% of the income tax collected in Haryana is from Faridabad and Gurgaon. Faridabad is famous for Henna production from the agricultural sector, while tractors, motorcycles, switch gears, refrigerators, shoes and tyres constitute its primary industrial products.
The Municipal Corporation of Faridabad (MCF) provides the urban civic amenities to the citizens of Faridabad City.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Administration
- 4 Military
- 5 Economy
- 6 Transportation and Connectivity
- 7 Demographics
- 8 Education
- 9 Healthcare
- 10 Communications
- 11 Sports
- 12 Tourism
- 13 Religious Sites
- 14 Smart City
- 15 Environment
- 16 Notable people
- 17 Notes
- 18 References
- 19 External links
Faridabad, the south-eastern district in the state of Haryana, was founded in 1607 AD by Farid, the treasurer of Jahangir, with the object of protecting the Grand Trunk Road (now National Highway 2) which passed through the town. Sheikh Farid built a fort, a tank and a mosque which are now in ruins. Later on, it became the headquarters of a Pargana which was held in jagir by Ballabgarh ruler.
As a part of Pakistani Refugee Resettlement Project after the Partition of India, light industrial development was initiated in the town in 1950. At that time Delhi was completely filled and then prime minister Jawahar Lal Nehru had the responsibility of economic development and transferred the industries to this city and the refugees worked in these industries. Thus, refugees laid down the initial infrastructure of the present Faridabad.
City is located on the plains of the Yamuna river. It is bordered by the Yamuna to the east and Aravali hills towards the west and southwest. Today, virtually all of the land has been developing with residential housing as the population of the city swelled during the mid-1990s.
Much like the rest of India, the people of Faridabad rely on the ground water for their basic needs which is the gift of good monsoon season.
Faridabad close proximity to River Yamuna makes its land very appropriate for long term sustainability and for making sufficient natural resources like water available to its residents. Further unlike Gurgaon which is prone to direct hot summer winds coming from Jaipur (in Rajasthan), Faridabad is blessed because of Aravali Range Mountains between Gurgaon and Faridabad blocking hot summer winds to enter its geographical space.
|Climate chart (explanation)|
The climate of Faridabad district can be classified as tropical steppe, hot semi-arid (Köppen BSh) which is mainly characterized by the extreme dryness of the air except during monsoon months. During three months of south west monsoon from last week of June to September, the moist air of oceanic penetrate into the district and causes high humidity, cloudiness and monsoon rainfall. The period from October to December constitutes post monsoon season. The cold weather season prevails from January to the beginning of March and followed by the hot weather or summer season which prevails up to the last week of June.
The normal annual rainfall in Faridabad district is about 542 mm (21.3 in) spread over 27 days. The south west monsoon sets in the last week of June and withdraws towards the end of September and contributes about 85% of the annual rainfall. July and August are the wettest months 15% of the annual rainfall occurs during the non-monsoon months in the wake of thunder storms and western disturbances.
|Climate data for Faridabad|
|Average high °C (°F)||21
|Average low °C (°F)||8
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||18
|Source: Weather 2|
The list is as below
|S. No.||Department||Title||Position Holder||Qualification|
|1||Civil||Deputy Commissioner & District Magistrate||Dr. Amit Kumar Agrawal||IAS|
|2||Civil||Additional Deputy Commissioner||Sh. Aditya Dahiya||IAS|
|3||Judiciary||District & Sessions Judge||Sh. Darshan Singh|
|4||Police||Commissioner||Sh. Subhash Yadav||IPS|
|This section does not cite any references (sources). (July 2012)|
The Indian Air Force (IAF) operates Raja Nahar Singh Base as a logistics base in Faridabad. The resident unit is No.56 Air Storage Park as well as the Air Force Guard Dog Training Unit. The IAF Base is commanded by a Group Captain of the Logistics Branch. Formerly, a SA-2 SAM Squadron was also based in Faridabad. Although there is no army organisation in the city, there are many retired army officers settled here.
The Faridabad Small Industries Association claims that Faridabad and Gurgaon districts account for almost 56% of the income tax collected in Haryana.
Faridabad is the largest exporter of henna (Mehandi) in India. According to "Faridabad Henna Manufacturing Association", estimated sale of henna from Faridabad is worth ₹250 crore (US$38 million)–₹300 crore (US$45 million) annually.
Central government offices
Many directorates of different union government ministries are headquartered in Faridabad including Central Ground Water Board, Department of Plant Quarantine and Central Insecticide Lab, and Union Government Offices from Haryana including Commissioner of Central Excise within Department of Revenue, Government of India, Department of Explosives, Department of Labour. The Apex Central Training Institute of the Department of Revenue, Government of India, National Academy of Customs Excise & Narcotics is located at Sector 29. National Power Training Institute, an autonomous body under Ministry of Power, Government of India has a corporate office in Faridabad.
Faridabad is the industrial capital of Haryana. As of 2013, out of total 11,665 registered working factories in Haryana, 2,499 were in Faridabad which was followed by Gurgaon with 2,116 factories. According to a study, growth of Faridabad has been declined in last 2 decades, share of Faridabad in investment is less than 1% and 93% of investment is in paper industry. The industrial contribution of Faridabad to Haryana’s revenue was declined from 29% to 22% in 2012-13.
Transportation and Connectivity
Faridabad is on the broad gauge of New Delhi - Mumbai Line. New Delhi and Hazrat Nizammudin Railway Station is about 25 km away from Faridabad railway station. The trains for big cities like Mumbai, Chennai, Hyderabad are easily accessible from here. Local Trains runs between New Delhi to Faridabad. There are three railway stations in the city viz. Faridabad (FDB), New Town Faridabad (FDN) and Ballabgarh (BVH). Earlier it was the last station of central railway, but now it has been included in Northern railway.
Delhi Metro Violet Line connects Faridabad with Delhi. The extension of Violet Line to Faridabad was inaugurated by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 6 Sepetmeber 2015. There are 9 metro stations in Faridabad corridor of Delhi Metro which are all elevated. Further Delhi Metro will be extended to Ballabgarh from Faridabad and the work is likely to be completed by 2017. Haryana government is also planning to link Faridabad and Gurgaon by Metro. Currently the Faridabad corridor of Delhi Metro Violet Line is the longest metro corridor in the National Capital Region (NCR) consisting of 9 stations and the total length of corridor being 14 km.
The 9 metro stations are Sarai, NHPC Chowk, Mewala Maharajpur, Sector 28, Badkal Mor, Old Faridabad, Neelam Chowk Ajronda, Bata Chowk and Escorts Mujesar.
Faridabad is well connected with Delhi through Delhi Faridabad Skyway (Badarpur Flyover). The skyway is located in Badarpur, Delhi, at the junction of NH 2 and Mehrauli-Badarpur Road. The National Highway-2 (Delhi-Mathura Road) passes through the city, and thus it is well connected to nearby states. Roadways services of Haryana (Haryana Roadways) and neighbouring states like Delhi Transport Corporation, Uttar Pardesh Transport Department, and Madhya Pradesh Transport Department are easily accessible. Faridabad is also connected to Gurgaon through Gurgaon-Faridabad Road which starts from Sec 26 in Gurgaon and end near Badhkal Lake in Faridabad. Faridabad is going to become the best connected locations in NCR in the coming years because of multiple factors including
- Two bridges connecting Greater Faridabad to Noida and Greater Noida
- Kalindi Kunj Bypass Road Project.
- Two upcoming bridges over Yamuna will connect Greater Faridabad to Noida and Greater Noida. One of the bridges is proposed to link Noida's Sector 168 with Faridabad's Badoli village (Near Bypass Road) The other bridge would connect Faridabad-Noida-Ghaziabad (FNG) expressway from Noida's Sector 150 to National Highway 2 in Faridabad which is a part of the planned Eastern Peripheral Expressway also termed as National Expressway 2 (India) or KGP (Kundli-Ghaziabad-Palwal) Expressway. Government has already approved construction of the road connecting Faridabad and Greater Noida that will improve the connectivity with clearances received from both Haryana and Uttar Pradesh Governments The much-awaited FNG (Faridabad-Noida-Ghaziabad Expressway) is finally coming on track and will provide fast connectivity to daily commuters of the area once complete; apart from this, it is also emerging as an excellent stretch for real estate development. FNG Expressway is around 56 km long with 19.9 km in Noida-Greater Noida region, 8 km in Ghaziabad, while the rest 28.1 km is in the Faridabad region, especially the developing sectors of Neharpar. According to the plan, FNG from Noida side will become operational in the next 14 months while it would take three years for the whole stretch to become fully operational The completed expressway designed by IIT-Roorkee will offer commuters direct connectivity between Noida and Greater Faridabad and put an end to massive traffic jams
- Kalindi Kunj Bypass Project has been approved which will connect DND Flyway at Maharani Bagh, Delhi to Faridabad Bypass Road near Badarpur Border. According to PWD officials, the bypass will connect the DND Flyway, cutting across the Agra Canal along the Yamuna, which runs perpendicular to Sarita Vihar and ends near Badarpur border, which further connects to Faridabad. "Commuters heading from east Delhi, South Delhi and Noida to Faridabad will be able to avoid the road to Ashram Chowk completely and that will help decongest the area for local users. The estimated cost of the project is Rupees 200 Crores and will be competed in two phases. In the first phase the stretch from Maharani Bagh (at DND Flyway) to Kalindi Kunj will be completed. In the second phase the stretch from Kalindi Kunj to Faridabad will see completion The bypass will dramatically reduce travel time between Delhi and Faridabad as it will serve as an alternative to Mathura Road. Unified Traffic and Transportation Infrastructure (Planning and Engineering) Centre (UTTIPEC) gave the Public Works Department (PWD) its consent to move ahead after Lieutenant-Governor Najeeb Jung gave the approval to the project.
Additional Connectivity between Faridabad and Greater Faridabad/ Neharpar Faridabad Haryana Govt. has planned construction of four bridges over Agra Canal to connect Faridabad with Greater Faridabad (or Neharpar) in addition to three already functional bridges. At present three bridges i.e., Kheri, BPTP and Palla connects Faridbad with Greater Faridabad (or Neharpar). HUDA is soon going to start construction work of four additional bridges connecting Faridabad with Greater Faridabad. The first bridge will connect Sec. 74 and 75 in Greater Faridabad with Sec. 3 & 8 in Faridabad. The second bridge will connect Sec. 81 and 86 in Greater Faridabad with Sec. 14 and 17 in Faridabad. The third bridge will connect Sec. 86 and 87 in Greater Faridabad with Sec. 17 and 18 in Faridabad. The fourth bridge will connect Sec. 89 in Greater Faridabad with Sec. 19 and 29 in Faridabad. All bridges will be of six lanes
Faridabad is served by Indira Gandhi International Airport, New Delhi which is around 35 km from Faridabad. The airport is one of the busiest airports in India and provides domestic and international air connectivity.
Faridabad has a large number of private schools. Schools like Delhi Public School, Apeejay School and Modern Vidya Niketan, Sector 17 are among the top 10 schools in the city, according to the 2015 Hindustan Times - C fore Top Schools Survey. Schools in Faridabad are affiliated either with the All-India Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations (CISCE) or the Central Board for Secondary Education (CBSE) boards. The language of instruction is English or Hindi. Besides these there are many government run public schools which are administered by Haryana Board of School Education. There are also three Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan schools in the city which are affiliated to Central Board for Secondary Education (CBSE) and are run by central government. Some of the institutes for primary and secondary education are:
- Apeejay School, Faridabad Sector 15
- Delhi Public School, Faridabad Sector 19 and Sector 81
- Dynasty International School
- Eicher School Sector 46
- Holy Child Public School
- John F. Kennedy Public School
- Modern Vidya Niketan School, Aravali Hills
Aravali Public School,Mewla Maharajpur
There are numerous educational institutions in Faridabad that offer higher education courses. These colleges provide courses in different field like science, arts, commerce, engineering, MCA, etc. Some of the colleges that offer graduate and undergraduate courses include:
- Institute of Hotel Management, Faridabad
- Lingaya's University
- Manav Rachna International University
- National Power Training Institute
- Regional Centre for Biotechnology (RCB)
- YMCA University of Science and Technology
- National Institute of Financial Management
- Rattan Institute of Technology and Management
- Delhi Institute of Technology, Management and Research
- Gold Field Institute of Medical Science and Research
- Echelon institute of technology
- Aravali College of Engineering and Management
- INSTITUTE OF LAW AND RESEARCH, JASANA
- B.S.Anangpuria institute of Technology & Management
- D.A.V Centenary college
- K L Mehta
- Nehru college
- Regional Labour Institute, Sector 47
There are many private hospitals in Faridabad including:
- Asian Institute Of Medical Sciences
- Fortis Escorts Hospital
- Metro Heart Institute Hospital
- QRG Central Hospital & Research Centre
- Sun Flag Hospital & Research Centre
- Sarvodaya Hospital
- RG Stone Urology & Laparoscopy Hospital
- Ashwani Hospital
Besides these there are also many government hospitals in the city.
|This section does not cite any references (sources). (July 2012)|
Govt operated fixed line/land line telephone connections privately operated, world class network of fixed line phones.
Apart from electronics means of communication, the city is well connected through the postal services as well. Government owned Indian Postal Service and privately owned postal services like First Flight, DHL, FedEx, DTDC, Blue Dart etc. can be easily accessed.
|This section does not cite any references (sources). (September 2015)|
Facilities for cricket are available in Nahar Singh Stadium which was built in 1981, the ground has a capacity to hold around 25,000 people. The last ODI played here was between India and England on 31 March 2006. There is a golf-course here named Aravali Golf Club with 18 holes play plan. It is one of the oldest golf-course of India.
There is also a Khel Parisar sport complex in sector 12, facilitating Swimming, Horse Riding, Tennis, Football,Roller Skating etc.
Badkhal Lake was located in Badkhal village, 8 km from Delhi Border. The lake fringed by Aravalli hills was a man-made embankment which has now dried up. The lake complex, spread over 40 acres, had come up in 1969. In June 2015, Haryana government decided to revive the Badkhal lake here to once again attract tourists.
SurajKund Tourist Complex and International Crafts Fair
Situated at a distance of around 8 km from South Delhi. It is a 10th-century water reservoir which believed to be built by Tomar king Surajpal. Place is known for its annual fair "Surajkund International Crafts Mela" hosted by Haryana Tourism Corporation and Surajkund Mela Authority jointly, in collaboration with the union ministries of tourism, textiles, culture and external affairs, from February 1 to 15. 2015 edition of fair was visited by 1.2 million visitors including 160,000 foreigners with more than 20 countries participating in fair. The Suraj Kund Lake here is surrounded by rock cut steps. Built by Surajpal Tomar, Suraj Kund represents the rising sun. Ruins of a Sun temple lie around the lake. The complex includes a Rajhans, a pool of fresh water – Siddha Kund — the waters of which are said to have healing properties, and a garden. A handloom and handicrafts fair is held here annually in February. Skilled artisans from all over the country display the rich crafts tradition of India in the typical setting of a rural Indian marketplace. Cultural programmes like folk dances, magic, acrobats and rural cuisines are also a part of the fair. One can also see traditional crafts being made and buy them direct from the craftsmen. Food is served in Banana leaves and claypots.
2016 edition of Surajkund International Crafts Mela will be the 30th edition and People's republic of China will be participating in the fair. Participation of the China will be the part of agreement signed between India and China in 2014 to celebrate year 2016 as "Year of China in India".
- Shri 1008 Parshvanath Digambar Jain Mandir in Sector 16
- Jharna Mandir village Mohabbtabad
|This section does not cite any references (sources). (November 2015)|
Notable people from Faridabad include:
- Krishan Pal Gurjar, Minister of State, Social Justice and Empowerment
- Avtar Singh Bhadana
- Sonu Nigam
- Himani Kapoor
- Richa Sharma
- Rahul Dalal
- Ajay Ratra
- Mahesh Rawat
- Anisa Sayyed
- Ved Tiwari
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- Faridabad is a proud participant in the Indian Smart Cities Challenge
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