A descendant of Jaisal, the founder of Jaisalmer State in 1156, who was named Kapura founded in 1643 the principality of Kot Kapura, the predecessor state of Faridkot. In 1763 the Kot Kapura State was split in two by its joint rulers: Kot Kapura, which was conquered by the Sikhs of Lahore in 1807 and incorporated into Pañjab, and Faridkot, which remained with the Jaisal dynasty.
For the support given to the British in overcoming the mutiny of 1857, the ruler of Faridkot was accorded an 11-gun salute as per the rules of precedence at the Imperial Durbar.
Faridkot had issued postage stamps independently from 1879 to 1887 when it signed a postal convention with the British.
Faridkot had an area of 643 square miles.:33–38 According to the 1901 census the state had a population of 124,912 and contained 2 towns and 167 villages. Predominantly agricultural, it had two small towns, Faridkot and Kotkapura.