Faridkot district

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This article is about the district. For its eponymous headquarters, see Faridkot, Punjab.
Faridkot district
ਫ਼ਰੀਦਕੋਟ ਜ਼ਿਲ੍ਹਾ
District
Punjab Faridkot.png
Country India
State Punjab
District Faridkot
Founded by Raja Mokalsi
Named for Sheikh Fariduddin Ganjshakar
Government
 • Deputy Commissioner Malwinder Singh Jaggi , IAS
Area
 • Total 1,458 km2 (563 sq mi)
Elevation 196 m (643 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 617,508
 • Rank 17
 • Density 424/km2 (1,100/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Faridkotian, Faridkotiya
Languages
 • Official Punjabi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 151203
Telephone code +91-1639
Vehicle registration PB-04, PB-62
Sex ratio 1000/890 /
Literacy 69.60%
Website www.faridkot.nic.in

Faridkot district (Punjabi: ਫ਼ਰੀਦਕੋਟ ਜ਼ਿਲ੍ਹਾ) is one of the 22 districts in the state of Punjab, India with Faridkot city as the district headquarters. Faridkot District was a part of the erstwhile Ferozepur Division but in the year 1996, Faridkot Division was established with a Divisional headquarter at Faridkot which includes Faridkot, Bathinda and Mansa districts

Etymology[edit]

The district is named after its headquarters, Faridkot city, which in turn is named in the honor of Baba Farid, who was a Sufi saint and a Muslim missionary. The town of Faridkot was founded during the 13th century as Mokalhar by Raja Mokalsi, the grandson of Rai Munj, a Bhatti Chief of Bhatnair, Rajasthan. According to a popular folklore, the Raja renamed Mokalhar to Faridkot after Baba Farid paid a visit to the town. It remained the capital during the reign of Mokalsi’s son Jairsi and Wairsi.

History[edit]

Prior to independence, a large part of the district was under the rule of the Maharaja of Faridkot and later it became a part of the Patiala & East Punjab States Union (PEPSU ) in 1948. Faridkot was carved out as a separate district on 7 August 1972 out of the areas of erstwhile Bathinda District(Faridkot Tehsil) and Ferozepur District(Moga and Muktsar Tehsils). Further, in November 1995 the Faridkot District was trifurcated when two of its sub divisions viz. Muktsar and Moga were given the status of independent districts.

Government body[edit]

Prior to independence large part of the district was under the princely rule of Sikh Maharaja of Faridkot and later it became part of the Patiala & East Punjab States Union (PEPSU ) in 1948. Faridkot was carved out as a separate district on 7 August 1972 out of the areas of Bathinda District (Faridkot Tehsil) and Ferozepur District (Moga and Muktsar Tehsils). However in November 1995, the Faridkot District was trifurcated when two of its sub divisions viz Muktsar and Moga were given the status of independent districts.

Faridkot district is surrounded by district Ferozepur in the North-West, Muktsar in the South-West, Bathinda in the South and Moga in the West. The District covers an area of 1469 km2. which is 2.92% of the total area of the State and accommodates a population of 552,466, which is 2.27% of the total population of the State. It has two Sub divisions/ Tehsils namely Faridkot and Jaito and two Sub Tehsils namely Kotkapura and Sadiq comprising a total of 171 villages. Faridkot District has two development blocks namely Faridkot and Kotkapura.

Overview[edit]

The Faridkot district contains a number of small towns. More than 7 villages are quite notable in Faridkot area. such as Panjgarain kalan, Deep Singh Wala, Golewala, Jhok Sarkari, Doad, Ghugiana etc. Faridkot is a hub for premier educational institutions. North India's only Medical University, also named after Baba Farid is in Faridkot besides Medical, Engineering and Dental Colleges. Faridkot majority population is dominated by Jatts.

List of villages[edit]

  • Ahal
  • Arayanwala Kalan
  • Arayanwala Khurd
  • Aulakh
  • Bagiana
  • Beguwala
  • Bhag Singhwala
  • Bhagthala Kalan
  • Bhagthala Khurd
  • Bhairon-Ki-Bhatti
  • Bhana
  • Bhilewala
  • Bholuwala
  • Bir Bholuwala
  • Bir Chahal
  • Bir Sikhanwala
  • Burj Masta
  • Buttar
  • Chahal
  • Chak Dhudi
  • Chak Kalyan
  • Chak Sahu
  • Chak Seman
  • Chak Shama
  • Chambeli
  • Chand baja
  • Chanian
  • Chet Singhwala
  • Chugewala
  • Daggo Romana
  • Dalewala
  • Dana Romana
  • Dawareana
  • Deep Singhwala
  • Deviwala
  • Dhab Sher Singhwala
  • Dhaipai
  • Dhilwan Kalan
  • Dhilwan Khurd
  • Dhimanwali
  • Dhudi
  • Dhurkot
  • Dod
  • Faridkot (Rural)
  • Ghaniewala
  • Ghoniwala
  • Ghuduwala
  • Ghugiana
  • Ghumiara
  • Golewala
  • Gujjar
  • Hadialana
  • Hari Nau
  • Hariewala
  • Hassan Bhatti
  • Jalaleana
  • Jandwala
  • Janerian
  • Jeonwala
  • Jhariwala
  • Jhok Sarkari
  • Jhotiwala
  • Kabalwala
  • Kamiana
  • Kanianwali
  • Kaler
  • Kauni
  • Khara
  • Khilchi
  • Kingra
  • Koharwala
  • Kot Kapura
  • Kot Sukhia
  • Machaki Kalan
  • Machaki Khurd
  • Machaki Mal Singh
  • Madahar
  • Mallewala
  • Mandwala
  • Mani Singhwala
  • Maur
  • Mehmuana
  • Midu Maan
  • Mishriwala
  • Moranwali
  • Mumaru
  • Nangal
  • Naraingarh
  • Nathalwala
  • Nathewala
  • Pakhi Kalan
  • Pakhi Khurd
  • Pakka
  • Panjgrain Kalan
  • Pehluwala
  • Phide Kalan
  • Phide Khurd
  • Pindi Balochan
  • Pipli
  • Qila Nau
  • Rajowala
  • Rattirori
  • Rupianwala
  • Sadhanwala
  • Sadhuwala
  • Sadiq
  • Saideke
  • Sandhwan
  • Sangatpura
  • Sango Romana
  • Sangrahoor
  • Sher Singhwala
  • Sibbian
  • Sikhanwala
  • Simrewala
  • Sirsari
  • Sukhanwala
  • Tehna
  • Thara
  • Virewala kalan
  • Virewala Khurd
  • Wander Jatana
  • Wara Daraka

Demographics[edit]

Religion in Faridkot District[1]
Religion Percent
Sikhism
  
76.08%
Hinduism
  
22.89%
Others
  
1.24%

According to the 2011 census Faridkot district has a population of 618,008,[2] roughly equal to the nation of Solomon Islands[3] or the US state of Vermont.[4] This gives it a ranking of 519th in India (out of a total of 640).[2] The district has a population density of 424 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,100/sq mi) .[2] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 12.18%.[2] Faridkot has a sex ratio of 889 females for every 1000 males,[2] and a literacy rate of 70.6%.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.census2011.co.in/census/district/598-faridkot.html
  2. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  3. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. Solomon Islands 571,890 July 2011 est. 
  4. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. Vermont 625,741 

Coordinates: 30°40′12″N 74°45′36″E / 30.67000°N 74.76000°E / 30.67000; 74.76000