Faridpur Durgapur

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Faridpur Durgapur
ফরিদপুর দুর্গাপুর
Community development block
সমষ্টি উন্নয়ন ব্লক
Faridpur Durgapur is located in West Bengal
Faridpur Durgapur
Faridpur Durgapur
Location in West Bengal
Coordinates: 23°40′04.8″N 87°18′34.2″E / 23.668000°N 87.309500°E / 23.668000; 87.309500
Country  India
State West Bengal
District Paschim Bardhaman
Parliamentary constituency Asansol
Assembly constituency Pandaveswar
Area
 • Total 60.22 sq mi (155.97 km2)
Elevation 354 ft (108 m)
Population (2011)
 • Total 115,924
 • Density 1,900/sq mi (740/km2)
Time zone IST (UTC+5.30)
PIN 713383 (Laudoha)
713363 (Sarpi)
713377 (Gourbazar)
Telephone/STD code 0343
Vehicle registration WB-37,WB-38,WB-41,WB-42,WB-44
Literacy Rate 74.14 per cent
Website http://bardhaman.gov.in/

Faridpur Durgapur is a community development block that forms an administrative division in Durgapur subdivision of Paschim Bardhaman district in the Indian state of West Bengal.

History[edit]

Faridpur is an old village. The area was earlier densely forested.[1] Some ancient Buddhist sculptures were discovered in the village of Pratapur under Faridpur police station.[2] Peterson’s Gazetteer of 1910 mentions five police stations under Asansol subdivision – Asansol, Raniganj, Kanksa, Barakar and Faridpur.[3]

Geography[edit]

Laudoha, a constituent gram panchayat of Faridpur-Durgapur CD Block, is located at 23°40′04.8″N 87°18′34.2″E / 23.668000°N 87.309500°E / 23.668000; 87.309500.

The southern part of Faridpur Durgapur CD Block is part of the Ajay Damodar Barakar tract. This area is sort of an extension of the Chota Nagpur Plateau. It is a rocky undulating area with laterite soil, with the Ajay on the north, the Damodar on the south and the Barakar on the west. The northern part of the CD Block is part of the Kanksa Ketugram plain. For ages the area was heavily forested and infested with plunderers and marauders. The discovery of coal, in the eighteenth century, led to industrialisation of the area and most of the forests have been cleared.[4][5]

Faridpur Durgapur CD Block is bounded by Dubrajpur and Ilambazar CD Blocks, in Birbhum district, on the north, Kanksa CD Block on the east, Durgapur (municipal corporation), with Barjora CD Block, in Bankura district, beyond it, on the south and Andal and Pandabeswar CD Blocks on the west.[6][7]

It is located 46 km from Asansol, the district headquarters.

Faridpur Durgapur CD Block has an area of 155.97 km2. It has 1 panchayat samity, 6 gram panchayats, 88 gram sansads (village councils), 54 mouzas and 48 inhabited villages. Faridpur and New Township police stations serve this block.[8]Headquarters of this CD Block is at Laudoha.[9]

Kunur River, one of main tributaries of the Ajay, 112 km in length, has its origin near Bansgara in the Faridpur police station area. With water from several small streams swelling it during the monsoons, it often floods large areas of Ausgram and Mangalkot police stations. It joins the Ajay near Ujani village.[10]

Gram panchayats of Faridpur-Durgapur block/panchayat samiti are: Gogla, Gourbazar, Ichapur, Jemua, Laudoha and Protappur.[11]

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

As per the 2011 Census of India Faridpur Durgapur CD Block had a total population of 115,924, of which 85,370 were rural and 30,554 were urban. There were 60,478 (52%) males and 55,446 (48%) females. Population below 6 years was 13,309. Scheduled Castes numbered 36,641 (31.61%) and Scheduled Tribes numbered 8,073 (6.96%).[12]

As per 2001 census, Faridpur Durgapur block had a total population of 108,619, out of which 59,253 were males and 49,336 were females. Faridpur-Durgapur block registered a population growth of 19.00 per cent during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for Bardhaman district was 14.36 per cent.[13]Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.84 per cent.[14]Scheduled castes at 35,692 formed around one-third the population. Scheduled tribes numbered 8,211.[15]

Census Towns in Faridpur Durgapur CD Block are (2011 census figures in brackets): Mandarbani (4,592), Banagram (5,635), Sirsha (4,600), Nabaghanapur (5,383), Sarpi (5,549) and Ichhapur (4,795).[12]

Large villages (with 4,000+ population) in Faridpur Durgapur CD Block are (2011 census figures in brackets): Madhaipur (5,140), Shyamsundarpur (6,273) and Jemua (5,976).[12]

Other villages in Fardipur Durgapur CD Block are (2011census figures in brackets): Laudoha (2,399), Gogla (1,799), Pratappur (1,644), Tilaboni (1,659) and Jhanjra (2,125).[12]

Literacy[edit]

As per the 2011 census the total number of literates in Faridpur Durgapur CD Block was 76,080 (74.14% of the population over 6 years) out of which males numbered 43,951 (82.05% of the male population over 6 years) and females numbered 32,129 (65.50% of the female population over 6 years). The gender disparity (the difference between female and male literacy rates) was 16.55%.[12]

As per 2001 census, Faridpur-Durgapur block had a total literacy of 67.34 per cent for the 6+ age group. While male literacy was 77.94 per cent female literacy was 55.14 per cent. Bardhaman district had a total literacy of 70.18 per cent, male literacy being 78.63 per cent and female literacy being 60.95 per cent.[16]

See also – List of West Bengal districts ranked by literacy rate

Languages and religion[edit]

Bengali is the local language in these areas.[6]

In 2001 Bengali was the mother-tongue of 79.9% of the population of Bardhaman district, Hindi was the mother-tongue of 10.9%, Santali 4.9%, Urdu 2.8%, Bhojpuri 0.1% and Oraon 0.1%. There were other languages spoken by small percentages. The percentage of population which reported Bengali as mother-tongue has declined from 82.3% in 1961 to 79.9% in 2001, the percentage of population which reported Hindi as mother-tongue increased from 8.5% in 1961 to 10.9% in 2001. However, as of 2017, CD Block-wise/ other region-wise break-up of mother tongue is not available in census/ other official sources.[17]

There have been reports in the media about the Hindi speaking population being substantial in the Asansol (Lok Sabha constituency).[18][19] Bardhaman district provided attractive livelihood opportunities for immigrants from Bihar/ Jharkhand.[20]

Religion in Faridpur Durgapur CD Block
Hindu
  
85.33%
Muslim
  
13.89%
Christian
  
0.15%
Others
  
0.62%

In the 2011 census Hindus numbered 98,921 and formed 85.33% of the population in Faridpur Durgapur CD Block. Muslims numbered 16,105 and formed 13.89% of the population. Christians numbered 179 and formed 0.15% of the population. Others numbered 719 and formed 0.62% of the population.[21]

Rural poverty[edit]

As per poverty estimates obtained from household survey for families living below poverty line in 2005, rural poverty in Faridpur Durgapur CD Block was 28.84%.[22]

Economy[edit]

Livelihood[edit]

In Faridpur Durgapur CD Block in 2011, amongst the class of total workers, cultivators formed 10.98%, agricultural labourers 29.83%, household industry workers 2.60% and other workers 56.59%.[23]

In Faridpur Durgapur CD Block, although cultivators or agricultural labourers formed a good portion of the workforce, comparatively more workers were engaged in the secondary and tertiary sectors.[24]

Infrastructure[edit]

All 54 or 100% of mouzas in Faridpur Durgapur CD Block were electrified by 31 March 2014.[23]

All 54 mouzas in Faridpur Durgapur CD Block had drinking water facilities in 2013-14. There were 44 fertiliser depots, 10 seed stores and 26 fair price shops in the CD Block.[23]

Coal mining[edit]

Some underground mines of Eastern Coalfields have been selected for modernisation. Mass production technology has been introduced by deploying continuous miner combined with shuttle car at Jhanjra and Sarpi projects. Tilaboni colliery would also be modernized.[25]

Agriculture[edit]

Circle frame.svg

Persons engaged in agriculture
in Faridpur Durgapur CD Block

  Bargadars (16.58%)
  Patta holders (18.72%)
  Small farmers (4.64%)
  Marginal farmers (15.67%)
  Agricultural labourers (44.39%)

Although the Bargadari Act of 1950 recognised the rights of bargadars to a higher share of crops from the land that they tilled, it was not implemented fully. Large tracts, beyond the prescribed limit of land ceiling, remained with the rich landlords. From 1977 onwards major land reforms took place in West Bengal. Land in excess of land ceiling was acquired and distributed amongst the peasants.[26]Following land reforms land ownership pattern has undergone transformation. In 2013-14, persons engaged in agriculture in Faridpur Durgapur CD Block could be classified as follows: bargadars 16.58%, patta (document) holders 18.72%, small farmers (possessing land between 1 and 2 hectares) 4.64%, marginal farmers (possessing land up to 1 hectare) 15.67% and agricultural labourers 44.39%.[23]

In 2003-04 net cropped area in Faridpur Durgapur CD Block was 10,127 hectares and the area in which more than one crop was grown was 4,060 hectares.[27]

In 2013-14, Faridpur Durgapur CD Block produced 3,061 tonnes of Aman paddy, the main winter crop from 2,005 hectares, 22 tonnes of Boro paddy (spring crop) from7 hectares, 90 tonnes of wheat from 30 hectares and 1,290 tonnes of potatoes from 43 hectares. It also produced pulses and oilseeds.[23]

In 2013-14, the total area irrigated in Faridpur Durgapur CD Block was 278.44 hectares, out of which 223.81 hectares were irrigated by canal water, and 54.63 hectares by river lift irrigation.[23]

Banking[edit]

In 2013-14, Faridpur Durgapur CD Block had offices of 9 commercial banks and 2 gramin banks.[23]

Transport[edit]

Faridpur Durgapur CD Block has 31 originating/ terminating bus routes.[23]

Education[edit]

In 2013-14, Faridpur Durgapur CD Block had 66 primary schools with 6,574 students, 6 high school with 3,759 students and 6 higher secondary schools with 6,477 students. Faridpur Durgapur CD Block had 1 technical/ professional institution with 96 students, 192 institutions for special and non-formal education with 7,120 students[23]

Healthcare[edit]

In 2014, Faridpur Durgapur CD Block had 1 block primary health centre and 2 primary health centres with total 27 beds and 4 doctors (excluding private bodies). It had 15 family welfare subcentres. 1,487 patients were treated indoor and 82,807 patients were treated outdoor in the hospitals, health centres and subcentres of the CD Block.[23]

Faridpur Durgapur CD Block has a block primary health centre at Laudoha and a primary health centre at Kantaberia.[28][29]

Faridpur Durgapur CD Block is one of the areas of Bardhaman district which is affected by a low level of arsenic contamination of ground water.[30]

Politics[edit]

During the period 1967 to 1972, there was an assembly constituency named Faridpur. Ajit Kumar Bandopadhyay of INC won the seat in 1972.[31] Sanat Kumar Banerjee of CPI (M) won it in 1971.[32] Manoranjan Bakshi of Bangla Congress won it in 1969 and 1967.[33][34]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Chattopadhyay, Akkori, Bardhaman Jelar Itihas O Lok Sanskriti (History and Folk lore of Bardhaman District.), (Bengali) , Vol I, p 17, Radical Impression. ISBN 81-85459-36-3
  2. ^ Chattopadhyay, Akkori, p 255
  3. ^ Chattopadhyay, Akkori, p 370
  4. ^ "Census of India 2011, West Bengal: District Census Handbook, Barddhaman" (PDF). Physiography, pages 13-14. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 23 January 2017. 
  5. ^ Chattopadhyay, Akkori, Bardhaman Jelar Itihas O Lok Sanskriti (History and Folk lore of Bardhaman District.), (Bengali), Vol I, pp 14-15, Radical Impression. ISBN 81-85459-36-3
  6. ^ a b "Faridpur-Durgapur Block". onefivenine. Retrieved 23 January 2017. 
  7. ^ "Tehsil Map of Barddhaman". CD Block/ Tehsil. Maps of India. Retrieved 23 January 2017. 
  8. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Burdwan". Tables 2.1, 2.2. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 22 January 2017. 
  9. ^ "District Census Handbook: Barddhaman" (PDF). Map of Barddhaman with CD Block HQs and Police Stations (on the fourth page). Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 22 January 2017. 
  10. ^ Chattopadhyay, Akkori, p. 35
  11. ^ "Directory of District, Subdivision, Panchayat Samiti/ Block and Gram Panchayats in West Bengal". Bardhaman - Revised in March 2008. Panchayats and Rural Development Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 30 January 2017. 
  12. ^ a b c d e "C.D. Block Wise Primary Census Abstract Data(PCA)". 2011 census: West Bengal – District-wise CD Blocks. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 16 January 2017. 
  13. ^ "Provisional population totals, West Bengal, Table 4, Barddhaman District". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 28 September 2011. Retrieved 4 February 2017. 
  14. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2011-07-21. Retrieved 2011-08-26. 
  15. ^ "TRU for all Districts (SC & ST and Total)". Census 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2011-07-19. Retrieved 2008-08-26. 
  16. ^ "Provisional population totals, West Bengal, Table 5, Bardhaman District". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2011-09-28. Retrieved 2011-08-26. 
  17. ^ "Census of India 2011: District Census Handbook Barddhaman" (PDF). Table 11: Population by Mother-tongue in Barddhaman district (1961-2001), page 51. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 28 January 2017. 
  18. ^ "Red Corridors in West Bengal a Headache for EC". The New Indian Express, 7 May 2014. Retrieved 28 January 2017. 
  19. ^ "Hindi speaking voters 'Modi'fied, Didi looks for answers". Maps of India, 1 April 2014. Retrieved 28 January 2017. 
  20. ^ "District Human Development Report: Bardhaman" (PDF). Chapter I, Page 8. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 28 January 2017. 
  21. ^ "C1 Population by Religious Community". West Bengal. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 27 January 2017. 
  22. ^ "District Human Development Report: Bardhaman" (PDF). Table 4.2: Empirical Measurement of Rural Poverty in Bardhaman 2005, page 94. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 30 January 2017. 
  23. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Bardhaman". Tables 2.7, 2.1, 8.2, 16.1, 17.2, 18.1, 18.2, 20.1, 21.2, 4.4, 3.1, 3.3 – arranged as per use. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 30 January 2017. 
  24. ^ "District Human Development Report: Bardhaman" (PDF). Block/ Sub-division wise Variation in Occupational Distribution of Workers, page 47. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 30 January 2017. 
  25. ^ "Planning". Eastern Coalfields Limited. Retrieved 30 January 2017. 
  26. ^ "District Human Development Report: South 24 Parganas". (1) Chapter 1.2, South 24 Parganas in Historical Perspective, pages 7-9 (2) Chapter 3.4, Land reforms, pages 32-33. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2009. Retrieved 7 August 2016. 
  27. ^ "District Human Development Report, Bardhaman" (PDF). Table 3.10, Gross Cropped Area, Net Cropped Area and Cropping Intesity of different blocks of Bardhaman district 2003-04, Page 53. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, May 2011. Retrieved 30 January 2017. 
  28. ^ "Bardhaman district". Medical Institutions. Bardhaman district administration. Retrieved 6 March 2017. 
  29. ^ "2011 District Census Handbook Bardhaman Part XII A" (PDF). Faridpur Durgapur Block Map on page 256. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 6 March 2017. 
  30. ^ "Groundwater Arsenic contamination in West Bengal-India (20 years study )". Bardhaman. SOES. Retrieved 9 September 2011. 
  31. ^ Assembly elections 1972
  32. ^ Assembly elections 1971
  33. ^ Assembly elections 1969 Archived November 29, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
  34. ^ Assembly elections 1967