Farim

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For the city in Iran, see Farim, Iran.
Farim
Coat of arms of Farim
Coat of arms
Farim is located in Guinea-Bissau
Farim
Farim
Location in Guinea-Bissau
Coordinates: 12°29′2″N 15°13′18″W / 12.48389°N 15.22167°W / 12.48389; -15.22167
Country Flag of Guinea-Bissau.svg Guinea-Bissau
Region Oio Region
Founded 1641
Elevation 2 m (7 ft)
Population (2008)
 • Total 6,405

Farim is a town of northern Guinea-Bissau. It sits on the north bank of the Farim/Cacheu River, about 135 miles up the river from Cacheu. Population 6,405 (2008 est).[1]

History[edit]

Farim was founded about 1641 by the Captain-Major of Cacheu, who recruited lançados from Geba to move to where they would be less vulnerable to attack by African tribes. The name derived from farim, the title of the local Mandinka people's ruler. For their part, the Mandinkas and Soninke called the settlement Tubabodaga ("village of the whites"). It was well-situated as a port, since the river was continuously navigable by sailing vessels from Cacheu.

It became a presídio (garrisoned place) though an order dated 10 November 1696, in reaction to an anticipated attack from nearby Canico. The area remained generally peaceful, and the defenses gradually deteriorated. It was a base for operations against Oio in 1897 and 1902. Farim started to grow in earnest in the 1910s, with over twenty trading firms based there, and became a vila (town) in 1918.

Farim had become a centro comercial by 1925, and experienced an influx of Lebanese and Syrian merchants, dealing in peanuts and timber. Its economy was hit hard by the independence struggle in the 1960s and 1970s.

International Relations[edit]

Farim is twinned with:

References[edit]

  1. ^ World Gazetteer, Retrieved on June 16, 2008
  • Richard Andrew Lobban, Jr. and Peter Karibe Mendy, Historical Dictionary of the Republic of Guinea-Bissau, 3rd ed. (Scarecrow Press, 1997 ISBN 0-8108-3226-7) pp. 160–163

Coordinates: 12°29′N 15°13′W / 12.483°N 15.217°W / 12.483; -15.217