Farlam

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Farlam
Church of St Thomas a Becket, Farlam.jpg
Church of St Thomas a Becket, Farlam
Farlam is located in Cumbria
Farlam
Farlam
 Farlam shown within Cumbria
Population 669 [1]
OS grid reference NY5620258218
   – London  259 Miles 
Civil parish Farlam
District Carlisle
Shire county Cumbria
Region North West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Carlisle
Postcode district CA8
Dialling code 016977
Police Cumbria
Fire Cumbria
Ambulance North West
EU Parliament North West England
UK Parliament Penrith and The Border
List of places
UK
England
Cumbria

Coordinates: 54°55′19″N 2°41′42″W / 54.922°N 2.695°W / 54.922; -2.695

Farlam is a village and civil parish in the City of Carlisle District, in the English county of Cumbria. The village is about 2 14 miles (3.6 km) southeast of the small town of Brampton and 9 12 miles (15 km) east of the city of Carlisle. While the population has fluctuated over time, in the 2001 UK Census, the population stood at 590: 291 males and 299 females.[2] The 2011 Census showed a population of 669: 331 males and 338 females.[3]

History[edit]

Origins[edit]

The name Farlam is thought to originate from the Old English fearn and ham, the latter meaning village or village community, translating to a 'Ferny-clearing homestead/village' or perhaps, 'hemmed-in land by a ferny clearing'.[4]

Farlam was originally divided into two townships, East Farlam and West Farlam, with a combined population in 1811 of 672 inhabitants and 115 houses. Hallbankgate and Kirkhouse were two hamlets located within the township of East Farlam, the former four miles south east of Brampton, and the latter, where the church stands, half-a-mile east of the village. Milton was a small village in West Farlam and is now in Brampton parish.[5] The whole parish has a high elevation and topographically is quite hilly with an area in 1847 of 5,680 acres.[6]

Population[edit]

The UK national census recorded that in 1881, the total population for the parish peaked at 1585, which (with the exception of 1821 where it decreased from 672 to 663) had been growing steadily year on year, since records began in 1801. After 1881 there was a large drop in population which is shown in the 1961 census, where the population had decreased from 1581 to 670.[7]

Population growth in Farlam since 1801
Year Pop. ±%
1801 592 —    
1811 672 +13.5%
1821 663 −1.3%
1831 816 +23.1%
Year Pop. ±%
1841 1,035 +26.8%
1851 1,146 +10.7%
1881 1,585 +38.3%
1891 1,502 −5.2%
Year Pop. ±%
1901 1,365 −9.1%
1911 1,022 −25.1%
1921 1,034 +1.2%
1931 961 −7.1%
Year Pop. ±%
1951 791 −17.7%
1961 670 −15.3%
Source: [8]

Occupation[edit]

Both coal and limestone where found within Farlam and as such limestone was quarried and in 1552 coal was bored for in Greenside Rigg within the parish.. The 1881 census shows that the majority of men within the village were involved in the mining and quarrying of both the coal and limestone with 257 men being listed as workers in various minral substances.[9] However the picture of the women occupations is less clear with the majority (232) being listed as persons without specific occupations.[10] Due to Farlam being a mining village jobs may have been very limited to mining, an occupation not performed by the women and as such simply had no occupation through lack of job availability.

Occupation Data from 1881 Census[11]
Occupation Group Male Female
Professionals 12 5
Domestic Service or Offices 6 59
Commercial Occupations 6 1
Transport & Communications 20
Agriculture 56 4
Animals 3
Workers in Machines & Implements 10
Workers in House, Furniture & Decorations 15
Workers in Carriages & Harnesses 4
Workers in Chemicals & Compounds 1
Workers in Food & Lodging 14
Workers in Textiles Fabrics 5
Workers in Dress 14 21
Workers in Various Vegetable Substances 4
Workers in Various Mineral Substances 257 1
Workers in General or Unspecified Commodities 39
Persons without Specified Occupations 9 232
Unknown Occupation 4 105

Housing[edit]

Over time, the total number of houses in Farlam has fluctuated. Between 1831 and 1901, the total number of houses increased steadily from 134 to 294. However in 1921 the total number of houses decreased to 230 and rose again to 247 in 1931 before falling to 230 in 1961. The most recent data from the 2001 UK Census showed that there were 265 houses. [12]

Year of census Total Houses[13]
1831 134
1841 189
1851 210
1881 279
1891 286
1901 294
1921 230
1931 247
1951 244
1961 230

Church[edit]

Farlam has boasted a church as early as 1169, but the current church was erected in 1860. The old church was given by Robert de Vallibus to Lanercost priory but after the dissolution along with all of the possessions of the priory, was granted to Sir Thomas Dacre, and is now in the patronage and impropriation of the Earl of Carlisle.[14]

The current church is dedicated to St. Thomas a Becket and is a plain stone building in the early English style and was constructed for a cost of £2,000[15] back in 1860 which in today's money would have cost £86,320.[16] The building consists of a nave, chancel and only one aisle with for accommodation for 400 worshippers. It occupies a site near the old church adjoining the hamlet of Kirkhouse. The land on which it stands was contributed by the Hon. Charles Howard as well as £500 towards its construction, Mrs Maria Thompson also contributed £200, a new organ for the church and erected the pictorial east window. The Ecclesiastical Commissioners granted £200, and the parishioners also contributed a large unknown sum of money towards the cost of erection.[17]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Population – 2001 UK Census". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 3 May 2012. 
  2. ^ "Population – 2001 UK Census". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 3 May 2012. 
  3. ^ "Parish population 2011". Retrieved 24 June 2015. 
  4. ^ "Key to English Place-names". Nottingham University. Retrieved 3 May 2012. 
  5. ^ "Description of Farlam from the National Gazetteer of Great Britain and Ireland (1868)". genuki uk. Retrieved 3 May 2012. 
  6. ^ History, Topography and Directory of East Cumberland, T.F. Bulmer, T.Bulmer & Co., Manchester, 1884.
  7. ^ "Population Data – A Vision of Britain Through Time". A Vision of Britain Through Time. Retrieved 3 May 2012. 
  8. ^ "Population Data – A Vision of Britain Through Time". A Vision of Britain Through Time. Retrieved 3 May 2012. 
  9. ^ "Occupation – A Vision of Britain Through Time". A Vision of Britain Through Time. Retrieved 3 May 2012. 
  10. ^ "Occupation – A Vision of Britain Through Time". A Vision of Britain Through Time. Retrieved 3 May 2012. 
  11. ^ "Occupation Data – A Vision of Britain Through Time". A Vision of Britain Through Time. Retrieved 3 May 2012. 
  12. ^ "Accommodation – 2001 UK Census". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 3 May 2012. 
  13. ^ "Household Data – A Vision of Britain Through Time". A Vision of Britain Through Time. Retrieved 3 May 2012. 
  14. ^ History, Topography and Directory of East Cumberland, T.F. Bulmer, T.Bulmer & Co., Manchester, 1884.
  15. ^ History, Topography and Directory of East Cumberland, T.F. Bulmer, T.Bulmer & Co., Manchester, 1884.
  16. ^ "Buying power comparison". The National Archives. Retrieved 3 May 2012. 
  17. ^ History, Topography and Directory of East Cumberland, T.F. Bulmer, T.Bulmer & Co., Manchester, 1884.

External links[edit]

Media related to Farlam at Wikimedia Commons