Farman F.110

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Farman F.110
Role Two-seat artillery observation biplane
National origin France
Manufacturer Farman Aviation Works
Designer Antoine de Boysson[1]
First flight 1921
Primary user Aéronautique Militaire
Number built 50

The Farman F.110 was a French two-seat artillery observation biplane designed and built by the Farman Aviation Works.[2]


The F.110 was an effort by Farman to produce an artillery observation aircraft normally supplied to the French military by Breguet.[2] Mainly of aluminium alloy construction it was a biplane design with a tailskid landing gear.[2] Powered by a water-cooled Salmson 9Z radial piston engine which was a cause of drag because of the need for a large radiator box under the nose which compounded the already large frontal area of a radial engine.[2]

The pilot and observer had an open cockpit which had glazed panels in the sides and the floor to give the observer a good view.[2] After a first flight in 1921 the Aéronautique Militaire ordered 175 aircraft but due to a lack of experience in the company with aluminium alloy the F.110 suffered structural problems.[2] After some modification only 50 aircraft where delivered and the type was not developed further.[2] The F.110 only remained in front-line use for just over a year.[2]

In 1927 tests were made with the F.115, a F.110 with its aluminium ribs replaced with wooden ones.[1]




Data from [2]

General characteristics

  • Crew: 2 (pilot, observer)
  • Length: 9.11 m (29 ft 11 in)
  • Wingspan: 12.0 m (39 ft 4 in)
  • Height: 3.19 m (10 ft 6 in)
  • Wing area: 37 m2 (400 sq ft)
  • Empty weight: 735 kg (1,620 lb) equipped
  • Max takeoff weight: 1,420 kg (3,131 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Salmson 9Z water-cooled radial piston engine, 190 kW (260 hp)


  • Maximum speed: 191 km/h (119 mph; 103 kn) at sea level
  • Service ceiling: 6,600 m (21,700 ft)


  • Guns: one fixed forward-firing 7.7mm (0.303in) machine-gun and two further machine-guns on flexible mounts in observers cockpit.
  • Bombs: rack for light bombs fitted


  1. ^ a b Liron 1984 p.38
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i Orbis 1985, p. 1739
  • The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Aircraft (Part Work 1982-1985). Orbis Publishing. 
  • Liron, J.L. (1984). Les avions Farman. Paris: Éditions Larivère.