Farman F.230

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F.230, F.350, and F.360 family
Farman F-354-Spanish Republican Air Force.jpg
Farman F.354 of the Spanish Republican Air Force
Role Touring aircraft
National origin France
Manufacturer Farman
First flight 1930

The Farman F.230 and its derivatives were a family of light touring aircraft built in France in the 1930s. They were low-wing cantilever monoplanes of conventional configuration, with fixed tailskid undercarriage and two open cockpits in tandem. The thick-section wing used on these designs was a distinguishing feature.

A Farman F.231 was featured in the Cigars of the Pharaoh, the fourth volume of The Adventures of Tintin comics series by Belgian cartoonist Hergé.[1]

Operational history[edit]

During the course of the 1930s decade, aircraft of this family held various world records in their class for speed, altitude, duration, and distance; the F.356 model alone held no fewer than 18 such records.

Typical of these exploits was Marcel Lalouette and Jean de Permangle's long-distance flight on 12 January 1931, where they flew an F.231 from Istres, France, to Villa Cisneros, in colonial West Africa during which they covered 2,700 km (1,690 mi) in 22 hours and set a new distance record. In another feat, Jean Réginensi and André Bailly set three world airspeed records in October 1933 (over 100 km, 500 km, and 1,000 km) flying a F.239.

Variants[edit]

F.230[edit]

  • F.230 - initial version with Salmson 9Ad engine (11 built)
    • F.230bis - conversion of F.230 (1 converted)
  • F.231 - version with Renault 4Pb engine (47 built)
    • F.231bis - seaplane version of F.231 (1 converted)
  • F.232 - version with Michel IV-AT3 engine (4 built)
  • F.233 - version with de Havilland Gipsy I engine (1 built)
  • F.234 - version with Salmson 7Ac engine (16 built)
  • F.235 - version with Hispano-Suiza 6Pa engine (1 built)
  • F.236 - version with Salmson 9Ad engine (4 built)
  • F.237 - similar to the F.235, but powered by a 100-hp (75-kW) Renault engine.
  • F.238 - version with de Havilland Gipsy III engine (1 built)
  • F.239 - version with Pobjoy R engine (1 built)

F.350[edit]

F.360[edit]

  • F.360 - version with Salmson 9Ad engine (1 built)
  • F.361 - version with Salmson 9Adr engine (2 converted from F.236)

Operators[edit]

 Spanish Republic

Specifications (F.231)[edit]

General characteristics

  • Crew: One pilot
  • Capacity: 1 passenger
  • Length: 6.13 m (20 ft 1 in)
  • Wingspan: 9.14 m (30 ft 0 in)
  • Height: 2.13 m (7 ft 0 in)
  • Wing area: 15.8 m2 (170 ft2)
  • Empty weight: 411 kg (906 lb)
  • Gross weight: 678 kg (1,495 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Renault 4Pb, 71 kW (95 hp)

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 186 km/h (116 mph)
  • Range: 450 km (280 miles)
  • Service ceiling: 5,000 m (16,400 ft)

See also[edit]

Related lists

References[edit]