The Farman HF.20 and its derivatives were a family of reconnaissance aircraft produced in France shortly before and during the First World War. It was a refined version of the Farman MF.11 "Shorthorn" that did away with the type's distinctive landing skids, and incorporated design features from Henri Farman's designs. It entered service with the French, Belgian and Serbian armies in 1913 (two aircraft conducted reconnaissance during the Siege of Shkodër in the First Balkan War and one crashed), and with the British RFC and RNAS shortly after the outbreak of war. The type was also licence-built in the UK by Airco and Grahame-White.
The HF.20 was seriously underpowered, and a variety of engines were trialled in the hope of correcting this, none with much success. The problem was eventually solved only when an engine of twice the power of the original powerplant was fitted to the HF.27 variant, by which time the aircraft was already obsolete. Nevertheless, the performance of the HF.20 made it adequate for use on secondary fronts.
- original version with Gnome Lambda engine
- 15.5 m (51 ft) span and increased wing area version with Gnome Lambda engine. At least one of the few built, entered service with the Fliegertruppe of Switzerland.
- 15.58 m (51.1 ft) span and increased wing area version with Gnome Lambda engine.
- HF.22 floatplane
- (aka HF.22bis or Savoia-built HF.22-H)
- 18.08 m (59.3 ft) span version with Gnome Lambda engine
- 11.5 m (38 ft) span aerobatic version with Gnome Lambda engine
- 155 hp (116 kW) Canton-Unné R9 engine or 240 hp (180 kW) Renault engine with a revised undercarriage that included nose wheels similar to the Voisin III.
- Escadrille HF 1
- Escadrille HF 7
- Escadrille HF 13
- Escadrille HF 19
- Escadrille HF 28
- Escadrille HF 32
- Soviet Air Force - Taken over from the Imperial Russian Air Force.
- Royal Flying Corps
- Royal Naval Air Service
Data from French aircraft of the First World War
- Crew: 2 (pilot and observer)
- Length: 8.06 m (26 ft 5 in)
- Wingspan: 13.65 m (44 ft 9 in)
- Height: 3.15 m (10 ft 4 in)
- Wing area: 35 m2 (380 sq ft)
- Empty weight: 360 kg (794 lb)
- Gross weight: 660 kg (1,455 lb)
- Powerplant: 1 × Gnome Lambda 7-cylinder air-cooled rotary piston engine, 60 kW (80 hp)
- Propellers: 2-bladed fixed-pitch wooden pusher propeller
- Maximum speed: 165 km/h (103 mph, 89 kn)
- Range: 315 km (196 mi, 170 nmi)
- Endurance: 3 hours
- Service ceiling: 1,050 m (3,440 ft)
- Time to altitude: 2,000 m (6,600 ft) in 22 minutes
- Guns: 1 × machine gun on flexible mount for observer
- Bombs: small load of 75 mm (3.0 in) bombs
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Farman HF.20.|
- Taylor, Michael J. H. (1989). Jane's Encyclopedia of Aviation. London: Studio Editions. pp. 380–381.
- World Aircraft Information Files. London: Bright Star Publishing. pp. File 894 Sheet 14–15.