Farmers and Merchants Union Bank (Columbus, Wisconsin)

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Farmers and Merchants Union Bank
Farmers&MerchantsBankColumbusWisconsinPublicEnemiesSet.jpg
Bank in 2008 as prepared for Public Enemies movie
Farmers and Merchants Union Bank (Columbus, Wisconsin) is located in Wisconsin
Farmers and Merchants Union Bank (Columbus, Wisconsin)
Farmers and Merchants Union Bank (Columbus, Wisconsin) is located in the US
Farmers and Merchants Union Bank (Columbus, Wisconsin)
Location 159 W. James St., Columbus, Wisconsin
Coordinates 43°20′19.2″N 89°00′56.5″W / 43.338667°N 89.015694°W / 43.338667; -89.015694Coordinates: 43°20′19.2″N 89°00′56.5″W / 43.338667°N 89.015694°W / 43.338667; -89.015694
Built 1919 (1919)
Architect Louis Sullivan
Architectural style Late 19th And Early 20th Century American Movements
NRHP reference # 72000044
Significant dates
Added to NRHP October 18, 1972[1]
Designated NHL January 7, 1976[2]

The Farmers and Merchants Union Bank is a historic commercial building at 159 West James Street in Columbus, Wisconsin, Built in 1919, it is the last of eight "jewel box" bank buildings designed by Louis Sullivan, and the next to last to be constructed.[3][4] It was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1976 for its architecture.[2][5]

Description and history[edit]

The Farmers and Merchants Union Bank is located in downtown Columbus, at the southern corner of West James Street and South Dickason Boulevard. It is a tall single-story in height, its exterior finished in tapestry brick with marble and terra cotta trim. The main facade is two bays wide, with the building entrance in the right bay. Above these bays is an elaborately carved tall marble lintel, above which a half-round stained glass window is framed by a stone garland. The side of the building, facing South Dickason, has a band of five windows. The interior is small yet spacious, with a bank of teller stations on the left side.[5]

The building was designed by Sullivan in 1919, and its construction was personally supervised by him. It was the last of his so-called "jewel box" designs of small bank buildings in smaller midwestern communities, and the second-to-last to be completed. It is one of two Sullivan designs in Wisconsin, the other, the Harold C. Bradley House, is also a National Historic Landmark. The design of this bank is fully documented in Sullivan's 1924 A System of Architectural Ornament, published not long before his death.[5]

The building was used as the location for shooting a bank robbery scene in the 2009 Johnny Depp film Public Enemies, which was filmed in March 2008.

Other Louis Sullivan "jewel boxes"[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ National Park Service (2007-01-23). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  2. ^ a b "Farmers' and Merchants' Union Bank". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Archived from the original on 2006-10-14. Retrieved 2008-01-02. 
  3. ^ History
  4. ^ Images of Farmers and Merchants Union Bank by Louis Sullivan
  5. ^ a b c Carolyn Pitts (July 1975). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: Farmers' and Merchants' Union Bank" (pdf). National Park Service.  and Accompanying 3 photos, exterior and interior, from 1972 and undated. (1.04 MB)

External links[edit]