Farnworth Town Hall
Farnworth shown within Greater Manchester
|Population||25,264 (2001 Census)|
|OS grid reference|
|Metropolitan county||Greater Manchester|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||North West England|
|UK Parliament||Bolton South East|
Farnworth is a town and an unparished area within the Metropolitan Borough of Bolton in Greater Manchester, England. It is located 2.3 miles (3.7 km) southeast of Bolton, 5 miles south-west of Bury (7 km), and 9 miles (14.5 km) northwest of Manchester.
Farnworth was originally a hamlet in Barton. In the 13th century it was held by the Lords of Barton and Manchester. By 1320 Adam Lever, Richard Hulton and Richard Redford held the manor as tenants. Later the manor was acquired by the Hultons of Over Hulton. In 1666 there were 91 hearths in Farnworth liable to pay tax. The commons were enclosed in 1798. There was a watermill on the River Croal.
The town expanded rapidly in the 18th and 19th centuries around the coal mining industry. The collieries were part of an extensive mine complex, the Worsley Navigable Levels whose underground canals stretched from the Delph at Worsley and linked the mines to the Bridgewater Canal. Other industry included iron foundries and cotton mills.
The owner of Farnworth Paper mills, T. B. Crompton, patented a continuous-drying process which contributed to the mechanisation of papermaking in 1821.
The adjoining open land of Halshaw Moor became an area for recreation for the town, hosting the annual Halshaw Moor Wakes that were described as
a saturnalia which was first celebrated in September, 1827, when bull-baiting, badger-baiting, dog fighting, cock fighting, foot racing in almost a state of nudity, grinning through a horse collar, eating a dishful of scalding hot porridge without milk and feeding themselves with their bare hands, and even the more disgusting exhibition of eating a pound of tallow candles, and stripping the wicks through their teeth for wagers, were amongst the orgies on these occasions.
Lying within the boundaries of Lancashire since the early 12th century, Farnworth constituted a township and chapelry within the ecclesiastical parish of Deane. In 1837 Farnworth became part of the Bolton Poor Law Union which took responsibility for funding the Poor Law in that area. In 1863, a Local board of health was established for the township, and in 1866, it also became a separate civil parish. In 1899, under the Local Government Act 1894, Farnworth became a Urban District. In 1939, the district was granted by a charter to become the Municipal Borough of Farnworth. In 1974, under the Local Government Act 1972, Farnworth became an unparished area of the Metropolitan Borough of Bolton in Greater Manchester.
Under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, the Radcliffe-cum-Farnworth constituency was established with one Member of Parliament (MP). The constituency was abolished in 1918 with Radcliffe becoming part of the Heywood and Radcliffe constituency, and Farnworth having its own Parliament constituency. The Farnworth constituency continued until it was abolished in 1983 and became part of the Bolton South East constituency.
Farnworth measures about two miles from east to west, and one from north to south with an area of 1,502 acres (608 ha) on land sloping towards the north-east by the River Croal which forms the boundary. Will Hill Brook forms the northern boundary. The underlying rocks are the coal measures of the Manchester Coalfield. Districts in Farnworth include Dixon Green and New Bury. The town has grown along the Manchester to Bolton road, the A666 and the A575 road to Worsley and Eccles. Plodder Lane, the B6199, goes west past the Royal Bolton Hospital.
||Great Lever||Bolton||Little Lever, Bury|
|Over Hulton, Westhoughton||Stoneclough, Outwood, Whitefield|
|Little Hulton, Tyldesley||Walkden, Worsley||Kearsley, Clifton|
|Population of the chapelry/civil parish of Farnworth|
|Sources: (a) Pauline Tatton: Local population statistics. (b) Vision of Britain: Farnworth Ch/CP Total Population. (c) Vision of Britain: Farnworth USD Total Population.|
|Population of the urban district/municipal borough of Farnworth|
|Source: Vision of Britain: Farnworth UD/MB Total population.|
Farnworth is situated north of junctions 3 and 4 of the M61 motorway. The main roads run through the town are the A666 (Farnworth & Kearsley By-Pass), the A575 (Egerton St/Albert Rd/Worsley Rd), the A5082 (Buckley Lane/Long Causeway), the A6053 (Bolton Rd/Market St/Manchester Rd), and the B6199 (Plodder Lane).
Farnworth has nine primary schools and three secondary schools. Harper Green School is home to the Alan Ball Sports Hall, as well as the Peter Kay Theatre. In 2006, Peter Kay filmed a music video at Harper Green with the Scottish band Texas.
|All Saints' C of E Primary School||Primary||105238|
|St. Peter's C of E Primary School||Primary||105239||website|
|The Orchards (formerly known as Cherry Tree Primary School)||Primary||105187||website|
|Highfield Primary School||Primary||105182||website|
|Our Lady of Lourdes' RC Primary School||Primary||105245|
|Plodder Lane Primary School||Primary||105183||website|
|Queensbridge Primary School||Primary||133925||website|
|St Gregory's RC Primary School||Primary||105244||website|
|St James's C of E Primary School||Primary||105208|
|Harper Green School||Secondary||105257||website|
|Mount St Joseph Business & Enterprise College||Secondary||105263||website|
|St James's C of E School and Sports College||Secondary||105266||website|
The parish church of St John the Evangelist was consecrated in 1826.
Farnworth F.C. is a youth football that plays its home games at Darley Park, with winter training taking place at Harper Green School.
Farnworth's Harper Green playing field also hosts the home games of Bolton Hockey Club men's section.
Farnworth has a market and a theatre (Farnworth Little Theatre). A leisure centre is located on the main street. The A666 by-passes the town. Farnworth Park is a park close to the town centre which has undergone redevelopment as part of Bolton Council's Children's Strategy. The library is a Carnegie Library and celebrated its centenary on 11 April 2011. The Royal Bolton Hospital (formerly Fishpool Institution and then Townleys Hospital) is in Farnworth.
St. Gregory's Catholic Club was used to film television comedy Phoenix Nights.
- "Greater Manchester Gazetteer". Greater Manchester County Record Office. Places names - D to F. Archived from the original on 18 July 2011. Retrieved 20 June 2007.
- "Census 2001 Key Statistics - Urban area results by population size of urban area", ons.gov.uk (Office for National Statistics), 22 July 2004, KS01 Usual resident population , retrieved 18 June 2007
- Mills (1998), p. 135
- Farrer, William; Brownbill, J, eds. (1911), "Farnworth", A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 5 (British History Online): 34–39, retrieved 19 March 2010
- Ashmore (1969), p. 139
- Dyson, Simeon (1881). Rural congregationalism; or Farnworth as it was fifty to seventy years ago: with humorous sketches and anecdotes, illustrating Lancashire manners and customs. p. 81. JSTOR 60239410. (subscription required (. ))
- Workhouse, workhouses.org.uk, retrieved 28 November 2010
- Great Britain Historical GIS Project (2004), "Farnworth CP/Ch through time. Census tables with data for the Parish-level Unit", A vision of Britain through time (University of Portsmouth), retrieved 12 May 2008
- Farnworth UD/MB: Historical Boundaries. Vision of Britain. URL accessed 26 February 2008.[dead link]
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs [self-published source][better source needed] URL accessed 19 May 2008.
- Pauline Tatton, Local population statistics 1801–1986, Bolton Central Library Archives, Le Mans Crescent, Bolton, BL1 1SE.
- Farnworth Ch/CP: Total Population. URL accessed 23 February 2008.[dead link]
- Farnworth USD: Total Population. URL accessed 23 February 2008.[dead link]
- Vision of Britain - Farnworth UD: Total Population[dead link]
- National Registration Act, 1939. Rootsweb.com. URL accessed 8 June 2007.
- Harper Green School. URL accessed 22 February 2008.
- School in tribute to comedian. Bolton Evening News, first published 30 June 2006.[dead link]
- Farnworth F.C.. URL accessed 24 February 2008.
- Barton, Benjamin Thomas (1887). History of Farnworth and Kersley (sic). Bolton: The Daily Chronicle.
- Photos and information about Farnworth
- GENUKI: Farnworth genealogy
- St John the Evangelist church
- Farnworth Little Theatre
- Chairmen of Farnworth UDC and Mayors of Farnworth 1863–1974