Farnworth

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This article is about the town in Greater Manchester. For the area of Widnes, see Farnworth, Cheshire. For the R S Dalgleish steamship, see SS Farnworth. For the surname, see Farnworth (surname). For the pre-April 1974 municipal borough, see Municipal Borough of Farnworth.
Farnworth
Farnworth Town Hall.jpg
Farnworth Town Hall
Farnworth is located in Greater Manchester
Farnworth
Farnworth
 Farnworth shown within Greater Manchester
Population 30,271 (2011 Census)
OS grid reference SD7305
Metropolitan borough Bolton
Metropolitan county Greater Manchester
Region North West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town BOLTON
Postcode district BL4
Dialling code 01204
Police Greater Manchester
Fire Greater Manchester
Ambulance North West
EU Parliament North West England
UK Parliament Bolton South East
List of places
UK
England
Greater Manchester

Coordinates: 53°32′43″N 2°24′00″W / 53.5452°N 2.3999°W / 53.5452; -2.3999

Farnworth is a town and an unparished area within the Metropolitan Borough of Bolton in Greater Manchester, England.[1] It is located 2.3 miles (3.7 km) southeast of Bolton, 5 miles south-west of Bury (7 km), and 9 miles (14.5 km) northwest of Manchester.

Historically in Lancashire, Farnworth lies on the River Irwell and the River Croal. According to the United Kingdom Census 2001, it had a population of 25,264 people.[2] It was increased to 30,271 at the United Kingdom Census 2011, by combining the population figures of the Farnworth ward (15,793),[3] which covers the eastern half of the town, and the Harper Green ward (14,478),[4] which covers the western half side.

History[edit]

Toponymy[edit]

Farnworth derives from the Old English fearn, fern and worth an enclosure.[5] Farnworth was recorded as Farneworth and Farnewrth in 1278 and 1279 and Ffornword in a land survey of 1282.[6]

Middle Ages[edit]

Farnworth was originally a hamlet in Barton. In the 13th century it was held by the Lords of Barton and Manchester. By 1320 Adam Lever, Richard Hulton and Richard Redford held the manor as tenants. Later the manor was acquired by the Hultons of Over Hulton. In 1666 there were 91 hearths in Farnworth liable to pay tax. The commons were enclosed in 1798. There was a watermill on the River Croal.[6]

Industrial Revolution[edit]

The town expanded rapidly in the 18th and 19th centuries around the coal mining industry. The collieries were part of an extensive mine complex, the Worsley Navigable Levels whose underground canals stretched from the Delph at Worsley and linked the mines to the Bridgewater Canal. Other industry included iron foundries and cotton mills.

The owner of Farnworth Paper mills, T. B. Crompton, patented a continuous-drying process which contributed to the mechanisation of papermaking in 1821.[7]

The adjoining open land of Halshaw Moor became an area for recreation for the town, hosting the annual Halshaw Moor Wakes that were described as

a saturnalia which was first celebrated in September, 1827, when bull-baiting, badger-baiting, dog fighting, cock fighting, foot racing in almost a state of nudity, grinning through a horse collar, eating a dishful of scalding hot porridge without milk and feeding themselves with their bare hands, and even the more disgusting exhibition of eating a pound of tallow candles, and stripping the wicks through their teeth for wagers, were amongst the orgies on these occasions.[8]

Governance[edit]

Lying within the boundaries of Lancashire since the early 12th century, Farnworth constituted a township and chapelry within the ecclesiastical parish of Deane.[1] In 1837 Farnworth became part of the Bolton Poor Law Union which took responsibility for funding the Poor Law in that area.[9] In 1863, a Local board of health was established for the township,[10] and in 1866, it also became a separate civil parish.[11] In 1899, under the Local Government Act 1894, Farnworth became an Urban District. In 1939, the district was granted by a charter to become the Municipal Borough of Farnworth.[10][12] In 1974, under the Local Government Act 1972, the municipal borough was abolished and its area became an unparished area of the Metropolitan Borough of Bolton in Greater Manchester.[1][10] Farnworth has two of Bolton Council's 20 wards, which each are represented by three councillors.[13] At first, the wards were called Farnworth North and Farnworth South,[14] but following name and boundary changes in 1980 the eastern side of the town is covered by the Farnworth ward and the western half side is covered by the Harper Green ward.[15][16]

Under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, the Radcliffe-cum-Farnworth constituency was established with one Member of Parliament (MP). [17] The constituency was abolished in 1918 with Radcliffe becoming part of the Heywood and Radcliffe constituency,[18] and Farnworth having its own Parliament constituency. The Farnworth constituency[19] continued until it was abolished in 1983 and became part of the Bolton South East constituency.[20]

Geography[edit]

Farnworth measures about two miles from east to west, and one from north to south with an area of 1,502 acres (608 ha) on land sloping towards the north-east by the River Croal which forms the boundary. Will Hill Brook forms the northern boundary. The underlying rocks are the coal measures of the Manchester Coalfield. Districts in Farnworth include Dixon Green and New Bury. The town has grown along the Manchester to Bolton road, the A666 and the A575 road to Worsley and Eccles. Plodder Lane, the B6199, goes west past the Royal Bolton Hospital.[6]

Demography[edit]

There are no direct figures for the unparished area of Farnworth, however the town comprises two of Bolton Council's 20 wards: the Farnworth ward and the Harper Green ward.[3][4] At the 2011 UK census, the town's two wards had a combined population of 30,271, of which 14,807 were male and 15,464 were female.[3][4] The 2011 census recorded the two wards had a total of 12,902 households, of which were 716 detached houses, 6,286 semi-detached houses, 4,109 terraced houses, 1,505 purpose-built flats, 266 other flats (including bedsits), and 20 caravans (or other mobile or temporary structure).[21][22]

Population change[edit]

Population changes for Farnworth since 1801
Year Population ±%
1801 1,439 —    
1811 1,798 +24.9%
1821 2,044 +13.7%
1831 2,928 +43.2%
1841 4,829 +64.9%
1851 6,389 +32.3%
1861 8,720 +36.5%
Year Population ±%
1871 13,550 +55.4%
1881 20,708 +52.8%
1891 23,758 +14.7%
1901 25,925 +9.1%
1911 28,131 +8.5%
1921 27,894 −0.8%
1931 28,717 +3.0%
Year Population ±%
1939 27,376 −4.7%
1951 28,616 +4.5%
1961 27,502 −3.9%
1971 26,855 −2.4%
2001 25,264 −5.9%
2011 30,271 +19.8%
Sources:[23][24][25][26][27][2][3][4]

Community facilities[edit]

Farnworth Library

Farnworth's Carnegie Library on Market Street is one of the many Carnegie libraries established by the industrialist and philanthropist Andrew Carnegie. The library was built in 1911 and is constructed of red brick with ashlar sandstone dressings, and flat roofed areas surrounding a central dome. It was designated as a Grade II listed building on 29 September 1999 and celebrated its centenary on 11 April 2011.[28]

Farnworth Little Theatre, established in 1948, is an amateur theatre group and is situated on Cross Street.[29]

The town has two leisure centres. The first is Farnworth Leisure Centre with a swimming pool and is located on Brackley Street.[30] The second one is Harper Green Community Leisure Centre and is located on Harper Green Road.[31]

Farnworth has a number of parks and recreation grounds.[32] The largest is Farnworth Park, close to the town centre, has undergone redevelopment as part of Bolton Council's Children's Strategy.[32] There is also Ellesmere Park on the west side of the town centre, Bradford Street Recreation Ground in New Bury, and Doe Hey Playing Fields in Harper Green.[32]

Royal Bolton Hospital (formerly known as the Fishpool Institution, Townleys Hospital, and Bolton General Hospital) is in Farnworth. An Emergency Department was added when Bolton Royal Infirmary in Bolton closed in the early 1990s and moved to the Farnworth site.

St Gregory's Catholic Club in Farnworth was used to film television comedy Phoenix Nights.

Transport[edit]

Farnworth is situated north of junctions 3 and 4 of the M61 motorway. The main roads run through the town are the A666 (Farnworth & Kearsley By-Pass), the A575 (Egerton St/Albert Rd/Worsley Rd), the A5082 (Buckley Lane/Long Causeway), the A6053 (Bolton Rd/Market St/Manchester Rd), and the B6199 (Plodder Lane).

Farnworth and Moses Gate railway stations are served by Northern Rail who operate services on the Manchester to Preston Line.

Education[edit]

Farnworth has nine primary schools and three secondary schools. Harper Green School is home to the Alan Ball Sports Hall,[33] as well as the Peter Kay Theatre.[34] In 2006, Peter Kay filmed a music video at Harper Green with the Scottish band Texas.[34]

School Type/Status OfSTED Website
All Saints' C of E Primary School Primary 105238
St. Peter's C of E Primary School Primary 105239 website
The Orchards (formerly known as Cherry Tree Primary School) Primary 105187 website
Highfield Primary School Primary 105182 website
Our Lady of Lourdes' RC Primary School Primary 105245
Plodder Lane Primary School Primary 105183 website
Queensbridge Primary School Primary 133925 website
St Gregory's RC Primary School Primary 105244 website
St James's C of E Primary School Primary 105208
Harper Green School Secondary 105257 website
Mount St Joseph School Secondary 105263 website
St James's C of E School and Sports College Secondary 105266 website

Religion sites[edit]

St John the Evangelist's Parish Church, Farnworth

The Anglican Diocese of Manchester has three active places of worship in Farnworth. The oldest is the Parish Church of St John the Evangelist on Church Street and was consecrated in 1826.[35] The other two Anglican churches are located in the New Bury area of Farnworth: St Catharine's LEP Church on Highfield Road, which is shared with the Methodist Church, and St George's Church on Daisy Avenue.[36]

The Roman Catholic Diocese of Salford has only one church in Farnworth, Our Lady of Lourdes' Church on Plodder Lane.[37] There had been another, St Gregory the Great's Church on Presto Street, but it closed in 2004.[37]

Other Christian places of worship in the town include Trinity Methodist Church on Market Street,[38] Farnworth Baptist Church on Trafford Street,[39] the United Reformed Church on Albert Road, [40] and the Salvation Army Citadel on Brackley Street.[41]

The Sughra Mosque on Granville Street, the only mosque in Farnworth, serves the Muslim community.[42]

Sports[edit]

Farnworth F.C. is a youth football that plays its home games at Darley Park, with winter training taking place at Harper Green School.[43]

Farnworth Cricket Club, founded in 1870, plays its home games at Bridgeman Park. It participates in the Bolton Cricket League, as do Farnworth Social Circle.[citation needed]

Farnworth's Harper Green playing field also hosts the home games of Bolton Hockey Club men's section.[citation needed]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Greater Manchester Gazetteer". Greater Manchester County Record Office. Places names - D to F. Archived from the original on 18 July 2011. Retrieved 20 June 2007. 
  2. ^ a b "Census 2001 Key Statistics - Urban area results by population size of urban area", ons.gov.uk (Office for National Statistics), KS01 Usual resident population Page white excel.png, 22 July 2004, retrieved 18 June 2007 
  3. ^ a b c d "Area: Farnworth (Ward)". neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 3 January 2016. 
  4. ^ a b c d "Area: Harper Green (Ward)". neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 25 February 2016. 
  5. ^ Mills (1998), p. 135
  6. ^ a b c Farrer, William; Brownbill, J, eds. (1911), "Farnworth", A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 5 (British History Online), pp. 34–39, retrieved 19 March 2010 
  7. ^ Ashmore (1969), p. 139
  8. ^ Dyson, Simeon (1881). Rural congregationalism; or Farnworth as it was fifty to seventy years ago: with humorous sketches and anecdotes, illustrating Lancashire manners and customs. p. 81. JSTOR 60239410. (subscription required (help)). 
  9. ^ "Workhouse". workhouses.org.uk. Retrieved 28 November 2010. 
  10. ^ a b c "Links in a Chain : Farnworth 1863-1974". boltonsmayors.org.uk. Retrieved 12 May 2008. 
  11. ^ "Farnworth CP/Ch: Relationships and changes". visionofbritain.org.uk. Great Britain Historical GIS. Retrieved 12 May 2008. 
  12. ^ "Boundary Map of Farnworth UD/MB". visionofbritain.org.uk. Great Britain Historical GIS. Retrieved 23 June 2016. 
  13. ^ "People:Elected Members". bolton.gov.uk. Retrieved 30 June 2016. 
  14. ^ Bolton Metropolitan Borough Council elections 1973, 1975, 1976, 1978, and 1979.
  15. ^ "Area Profile:Farnworth" (PDF). bolton.gov.uk. Retrieved 30 June 2016. 
  16. ^ "Area Profile:Harper Green" (PDF). bolton.gov.uk. Retrieved 30 June 2016. 
  17. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "R" (part 1)
  18. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "H" (part 3)
  19. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "F"
  20. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "B" (part 4)
  21. ^ "Area: Farnworth (Ward): Dwellings, Household Spaces and Accommodation Type, 2011". neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 29 June 2016. 
  22. ^ "Area: Harper Green (Ward): Dwellings, Household Spaces and Accommodation Type, 2011". neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 29 June 2016. 
  23. ^ Tatton, Pauline. Local population statistics 1801–1986. Bolton Central Library Archives. 
  24. ^ "Farnworth CP/Ch: Parish-level Unit". visionofbritain.org.uk. Great Britain Historical GIS. Retrieved 23 June 2016. 
  25. ^ "Farnworth USD: Sanitary District". visionofbritain.org.uk. Great Britain Historical GIS. Retrieved 23 June 2016. 
  26. ^ "Farnworth UD/MB: Local Government District". visionofbritain.org.uk. Great Britain Historical GIS. Retrieved 23 June 2016. 
  27. ^ The 1939 population is estimated from the number of identity cards issued in Farnworth, which were required under the National Registration Act 1939. The 1941 census did not take place because of the Second World War.
  28. ^ Historic England. "Farnworth Carnegie Library (1113256)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 1 July 2016. 
  29. ^ "Farnworth Little Theatre". farnworthlittletheatre.weebly.com. Retrieved 26 June 2016. 
  30. ^ "Farnworth Leisure Centre". bolton.gov.uk. Retrieved 26 June 2016. 
  31. ^ "Harper Green Community Leisure Centre". bolton.gov.uk. Retrieved 26 June 2016. 
  32. ^ a b c "Parks, pitches and courts". bolton.gov.uk. Retrieved 26 June 2016. 
  33. ^ Harper Green School. URL accessed 22 February 2008.
  34. ^ a b School in tribute to comedian. Bolton Evening News, first published 30 June 2006.[dead link]
  35. ^ "The Church of St John the Evangelist, Farnworth". stjohnsfarnworth.co.uk. Retrieved 25 June 2016. 
  36. ^ "The Seven Saints Team". sevensaintsparish.wordpress.com. Retrieved 25 June 2016. 
  37. ^ a b "Our Lady of Lourdes and St. Gregory the Great, Farnworth". farnworthrc.org.uk. Retrieved 25 June 2016. 
  38. ^ "Trinity Methodist in Farnworth". trinitymethodistfarnworth.wordpress.com. Retrieved 25 June 2016. 
  39. ^ "Farnworth Baptist Church". farnworthbaptist.org.uk. Retrieved 25 June 2016. 
  40. ^ "Farnworth". directory.urc.org.uk. Retrieved 25 June 2016. 
  41. ^ "Farnworth Salvation Army". salvationarmy.org.uk. Retrieved 25 June 2016. 
  42. ^ "Sughra Mosque, Farnworth". mosquedirectory.co.uk. Retrieved 25 June 2016. 
  43. ^ Farnworth F.C.. URL accessed 24 February 2008.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Ashmore, Owen (1969), Industrial Archaeology of Lancashire, David & Charles, ISBN 0-7153-4339-4 
  • Mills, A. D. (1998), Dictionary of English Place-Names, Oxford, ISBN 0-19-280074-4 

Further reading[edit]

  • Barton, Benjamin Thomas (1887). History of Farnworth and Kersley (sic). Bolton: The Daily Chronicle. 

External links[edit]