Farooqi

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Al Farouqi (Arabic: فاروقي ‎‎) (also spelt as Farooqi, Faruqui ,Farooqui or Farooq ), is a distinct name or surname or last name of Arabic origin.

Origin[edit]

The name purportedly signifies ancestry from Umar ibn al-Khattāb, commonly known as Umar (Arabic: عمر ابن الخطاب‎‎), the second Caliph of Islam. Umar was also titled 'al-Farooq' (the Redeemer).' Today Farooqies are a multilingual Muslim community spread across Turkey', Romania, Middle East' and parts of Europe.

This is not to confused with Sunni Islam converts that adopted the title of Farooq as an honorific title with reverence to Khattab.

Genealogy[edit]

Farooqis are descendants of 'Umar ibn al-Khattāb, the second Sunni Caliph (c. 581 – 644), sometimes referred by Sunni Muslims as 'Umar al-Farooq ("the one who distinguishes between right and wrong").They are descendants from the Banu Adi clan of the Quraysh tribe.Many of the relatives of the same generation were also Sahaba and his daughter Hafsa bint Umar and his grandsons were Salaf. Farooqis are the descendants of Hantamah bint Hisham and Khattab ibn Nufayl of the Quraysh tribe. See also Family tree of Umar.

Not to be confused with Sunni Islam converts that adopted Farooq as a surname to revere Umar Bin Khattab who do not share the Quraysh ancestry.

History of Descendants[edit]

Farooqis after playing a part in the Rashidun and following Caliphates, joined the Ottoman empire and branched out to various parts of the world as generals, military or powerful spiritual leaders in various Muslim Empires and Dynasties and their further outreaches and smaller empires to spread across Middle East, Turkey and parts of Europe and South Asia. See also List of Muslim empires and dynasties.

Spread to Levant and Turkey[edit]

Farooq (also transliterated as Farouk, Farook, Faruk, Faroeq, Faruq, Farouq, Farooqui or Farooqi; Arabic: فاروق, Fārūq ) is a common Arabic given and family name found in Levant and Turkey. See also Farooq.

Disambiguation of Farooq and their transliterated variants were also adopted by Sunni Islam converts from Arab-Mongol empires as a name to pay respect to Umar Bin Khattab and took up the name as an honorific title.

Farooqies in Saudi Arabia[edit]

In Saudi Arabia, the children of Umar ibn al-Khattāb are known as El-Umari or Al-Omery. However the Farooquies of South Asia, who went back to Saudi Arabia retained the family name Al-Farooqui or Al-Farouki.

Farooqies in UK, USA and Canada[edit]

Quite a few generations of Farooqis and their variants live in USA,UK and Canada due to either migration of heavy STEM related professions. See also ancestry in UK,USA and Canada..

Buildings under the Name[edit]

The Al Farooq Omar Bin Al Khattab Mosque in Dubai can accommodate 2,000 worshipers and is considered one of the UAE’s largest mosques and the third of its kind to open its doors to non-Muslims after the Mosque of late Sheikh Zayed Bin Sultan Al Nahyan in Abu Dhabi and the Grand Mosque in Jumeirah.[3]

The Al Farooq Omar Bin Al Khattab Mosque & Centre has welcomed Islamic religious figure Sheikh Ahmad Ali Al Nahas, Muazin of Haram Al Maki.[4]

Mentions in Literature[edit]

Al Farooq the book, also see Al-Farooq is a major publication of the Sunni literature which partly listed Umar bin Khattab's genealogy. Its publication in 1939 took the Muslim World by storm and was considered a great literary event in history of Islamic literature. By extensive study of the subject, the author Nomani collected and collated facts which were lying buried in unpublished manuscripts in great libraries of Istanbul, Beirut, Alexandria, Paris, Berlin and London. The book inspired an unparalleled enthusiasm and ran into several editions in a very short period. The book was translated in English by Maulana Zafar Ali Khan and was titled, Al Farooq: The Life of Omar The Great (Second Caliph of Islam).

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Spread to South Asia[edit]

Adham, the father of Ibrahim Bin Adham and the great grandson of Umar ibn al-Khattāb, was a great travel as narrated in the papers read in the conference on "Balad As-Shaam". He travelled all the way up to Balkh where he married the only daughter of the King, and his son Ibrahim became the King of Balkh. His descendants got uprooted after the attack by Mongols, and most moved to the area which is now the modern day Punjab as a part of the Moghul Empire. Significant descendants of these Farooqis can be found in Pakistan and northernmost India including states of Punjab and Jammu and Kashmir.

Decline of the Moghul Empire[edit]

In the later days of the Moghul Empire, it had crippled and a general named Asif Jah decided to move South with his friends and form his own kingdom named State of Hyderabad. Among his friends and soldiers included Farooqies and their transliterated variants who became preachers and judges. Some took their family title "Qazi" as their family name.

The name "Farouqi" or "Farooqui" reappeared from time to time as the Nizam family grew too large, as Farooqui was more or less of a title of reference (to Umar ibn al-Khattāb) rather than a Family name until the mid 19th century. They're official residence was Chowmahalla Palace. It later grew to Falaknuma Palace, Bashir Bagh Palace, etc., under the Jah title.

The Farooqi Dynasty[edit]

Faruqi Dynasty was formed by Abdul Malik Ahmad, the son of minister Khan-i-Jahan Farooqi of Delhi Sultanate. He became a general under Feroz Shah Tugluq and then founded Khandesh (Land of Khan) to become an independent ruler. Khandesh later became a province of Moghul Empire under Akbar.

Spread to Deccan[edit]

After the establishment of State of Hyderabad, many Farooquies took up the job of judges, ombudsmen, and other law professions. As per the caste systems which recognized families by profession instead of ancestry, their family name became Qazi, along with Sayyids and Siddiquis etc. However these families continued to identify themselves are Farooqis.

Converts from Hinduism and their variants in Indian Subcontinent[edit]

Farooq is used in South East Asia as an honorific title to in Sunni Islam religious converts from Hinduism in regions of the Indian Subcontinent and are not related to the ancestry of Umar Bin Khattab.

Due to the 1000 years of Islamic empires such as the Moghul empire rule and other Islamic empires over Indian subcontinent,a large population of Hindus converted and adopted the title of Farooqis and their variants in South East Asia notably India, Pakistan and Afghanistan.

They also took up honorific names of Arabic, Iranian and Mongol names such as Shah (honorific title of King), Khan (honorific title to Genghiz Khan) and Farooqis (Honorific title to Umar Bin Khattab) and their variants and are not related to the ancestry of the Quraysh tribe but are meant as reverence to the Caliph.

They are also honorific titles and also known as 'Shaikhs of South Asia' that are converts from Hinduism and are not related to the ancestry of the Quraysh tribe.

Other religious converts that occurred after the Islamic empires were from lower castes who converted and took the name to escape the caste system that exists in India.These are found in West Bengal,Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, South India and other states which are not from Northern India.

Farooqis of other affiliated variants in the Indian Subcontinent[edit]

These are Farooqis and their variants that are not part of Sunni Islam.

Farooqis in Parsee community[edit]

Zoroastrians of Iranian origin found in Indian regions of Maharashtra,Gujarat and Pune. A significant amount of Farooqis also exist in the state of Maharashtra,Gujarat,Pune which are part of the Parsee community, and are Zorastrians that fled from the Shah rule to avoid persecution from Muslim rule.These are Indo-Persians and are a tiny and significant but well respected minority in India. See also Parsi.

Farooqis in Bohra community[edit]

Shia Muslims found in Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Pakistan and Indian regions.These are Shia Muslims. Quite a few Bohras live in Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Pakistan and Indian regions of Maharashtra,Gujarat and Pune that identify with Farooqis as respect to Umar Bin Khattab and his name Farooq. They are also part of the Ismaili community.See also Bohra.

Notable Farooqis[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Template:Family tree of Umar Umar Template:Al-Farooq (book) Al Farooq Omar Bin Al Khattab Mosque