Farquhar Atoll

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Farquhar Atoll
Farquhar Atoll is located in Seychelles
Farquhar Atoll
Farquhar Atoll
Location of Farquhar Atoll in Seychelles
Geography
Location Indian Ocean
Coordinates 10°10′S 51°08′E / 10.167°S 51.133°E / -10.167; 51.133Coordinates: 10°10′S 51°08′E / 10.167°S 51.133°E / -10.167; 51.133
Archipelago Seychelles
Adjacent bodies of water Indian Ocean
Total islands 11
Major islands
  • North Island
  • South Island
Area 8.357 km2 (3.227 sq mi)
Highest elevation 23 m (75 ft)
Administration
Group Outer Islands
Sub-Group Farquhar Group
Districts Outer Islands District
Largest settlement Grande Poste (pop. 20)
Demographics
Population 20 (2014)
Pop. density 2.4 /km2 (6.2 /sq mi)
Ethnic groups Creole, French, East Africans, Indians.
Additional information
Time zone
ISO code SC-26
Official website www.seychelles.travel/en/discover/the-islands/outer-islands

The Farquhar Atoll is part of the Farquhar Group of islands in the Seychelles that are part of the Outer Islands. It is located 770 kilometres (478 miles) southwest of the capital, Victoria, on Mahé Island.

History[edit]

The atoll was named in honor of Robert Townsend Farquhar in 1824.[1] Previous visitors had named it after Portuguese explorer João da Nova who commanded that nation’s third expedition to India during which he encountered Farquhar (in the year 1504). Administration of the atoll was a grey area for many years, with both Mauritius and Seychelles claiming the right to administer it. In 1881 the authorities in Seychelles suggested Farquhar, along with several other outer islands, be administered from Victoria in Seychelles rather than from Mauritius. There were objections as the owners were based in Mauritius but after considerable argument, the owners lost their case and administration was passed from Mauritius to Seychelles. Fishing camps were established on north islands in 1850 [2] In 1960, the village on the northern tip of South Island was abandoned.[3] From 1965 to the independence of the Seychelles in 1976, Farquhar was a part of the British Indian Ocean Territory.[4] In 2004 there were renovations in the village.[5] In 2014 Island Conservation Society opened a Conservation Centre on North Island.[6][7] On 16 April 2016 Farquhar Atoll was hit by Cyclone Fantala, the strongest tropical cyclone ever recorded in the south-west Indian Ocean, which destroyed most of the buildings except for the cyclone shelter.

Geography[edit]

The atoll is located at 10°10′S 51°08′E / 10.167°S 51.133°E / -10.167; 51.133. It is the most southerly part of the Seychelles. The total area of the atoll, including the large lagoon, is 170.5 square kilometres (65.8 square miles). The land area is 8.357 square kilometres (3.2 square miles). Farquhar Atoll is notable for its high sand dunes, some of which reach to over 23 metres (75 feet) in height.

List of islands[edit]

The main group of islands form a long curve which describes the eastern side of the atoll. Largest of these are North Farquhar and South Farquhar, with the smaller Manaha islands between them. Farther south is Goëlettes.
To the extreme western side of the atoll lies the island of Sable, and near it a small group known as Trois Islands.

  Island Sobriquet type Location Area
(hectares)
Coastline (km) Length (km) Width (km) elevation (m)
1 North Farquhar Île du Nord island 10°07′23″S 51°10′38″E / 10.12306°S 51.17722°E / -10.12306; 51.17722 (North Farquhar) 354.40 17.90 5.0 0.6 12.2
2 South Farquhar Île du Sud island 10°11′00″S 51°09′50″E / 10.18333°S 51.16389°E / -10.18333; 51.16389 (South Farquhar) 419.50 14.10 5.40 0.80 23
3 North Manaha Île du Manaha Nord island 10°09′17″S 51°10′35″E / 10.15472°S 51.17639°E / -10.15472; 51.17639 (North Manaha) 3.00 0.85 0.10 0.35 0.5
4 Middle Manaha Île du Manaha Milieu island 10°09′23″S 51°10′33″E / 10.15639°S 51.17583°E / -10.15639; 51.17583 (Middle Manaha) 7.90 1.15 0.21 0.45 0.5
5 South Manaha Île du Manaha Sud island 10°09′32″S 51°10′33″E / 10.15889°S 51.17583°E / -10.15889; 51.17583 (South Manaha) 4.20 1.05 0.43 0.12 0.5
6 Goëlettes island 10°13′28″S 51°07′45″E / 10.22444°S 51.12917°E / -10.22444; 51.12917 (Goëlettes) 32.00 2.35 0.60 0.80 3
7 Rabbit Île Lapin sand cay 10°08′57″S 51°05′20″E / 10.14917°S 51.08889°E / -10.14917; 51.08889 (Île Lapin) 0.80 0.50 0.25 0.05 0.00
8 Sand Trois Banc de Trois Îles sand cay 10°09′00″S 51°05′06″E / 10.15000°S 51.08500°E / -10.15000; 51.08500 (Banc de Trois Îles) 0.30 0.30 0.05 0.02 0.00
9 Middle Trois Île de Milieu de Trois Îles sand cay 10°09′00″S 51°04′41″E / 10.15000°S 51.07806°E / -10.15000; 51.07806 (Île de Milieu de Trois Îles) 0.70 0.33 0.11 0.08 0.00
10 Dépose sand cay 10°09′04″S 51°04′17″E / 10.15111°S 51.07139°E / -10.15111; 51.07139 (sand cay) 1.14 0.43 0.12 0.12 0.00
11 Sable Grande Caye island 10°10′20″S 51°02′28″E / 10.17222°S 51.04111°E / -10.17222; 51.04111 (Grande Caye) 11.70 1.50 0.66 0.21 0.00
  Farquhar Atoll Atoll 10°07′S 51°10′E / 10.117°S 51.167°E / -10.117; 51.167 (Farquhar Atoll) 835.70       23

Demographics[edit]

There is a small settlement called Grande Poste [8] on North Island, near Rocky Point.

Administration[edit]

The island belongs to Outer Islands District.[9] Being an island with a small population, there are not any government buildings or services. For many services, people have to go to Victoria, which is a difficult task.

Transport[edit]

North Farquhar is bisected by a 1,170 metres (3,840 ft) paved airfield (ICAO: FSFA) that is located near North East Point. The island is occasionally serviced by an Island Development Company (IDC) aircraft from Mahé. There is a jetty in the settlement [10]

Economics[edit]

The inhabitants on the island are engaged in very small scale farming, livestock, salted fish production and coconut processing which include production of copra, pounac and coconut oil.[11]

Flora and fauna[edit]

The islands of Farquhar (excluding North, South and the Manahas) have been designated as an Important Bird Area. Goëlettes is the most interesting for birds with a huge seasonal colony of about 300,000 pairs of sooty tern and around 10,000 pairs of brown noddy. In 2006, Island Conservation Society recorded a previously unknown colony of black-naped terns at Sable Island. with 15 breeding pairs, the largest population on any one island in the region. Black-naped terns also breed on Goëlettes.

Farquhar is also an important nesting site for turtles. Surveys conducted in the early 1980s when adult turtles were intensively hunted estimated 425 nesting green turtle females and 27 hawksbill turtles per annum.[12] A survey conducted in 2007 suggests increases in nesting numbers thanks to the protected status of turtles in Seychelles since 1994. Other fauna of interest includes the gold-dust gecko and coconut crab.

Tourism[edit]

There is a small lodge on the island.[13][14] in 2017, The lodge will transfer hands to a new owner which will establish a 30-room new eco-resort, and some more residential villas on the island[15]

Image gallery[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]