Farquhar Group

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For other uses of Farquhar, see Farquhar (disambiguation).
Farquhar Group
Farquhar Group.jpg
Farquhar Group:
Providence Atoll at the top, St. Pierre Island to the left and the Farquhar Atoll at the bottom
Farquhar Group is located in Seychelles
Farquhar Group
Location of the Farquhar Group in Seychelles
Geography
Location Indian Ocean
Coordinates 10°10′S 51°10′E / 10.167°S 51.167°E / -10.167; 51.167Coordinates: 10°10′S 51°10′E / 10.167°S 51.167°E / -10.167; 51.167
Archipelago Seychelles
Area 12.837 km2 (4.956 sq mi)
Administration
Seychelles
Group Outer Islands
Sub-Group Farquhar Group
Districts Outer Islands District
Largest settlement
Grande Poste
(population 20)
Demographics
Demonym Creole
Population 20 (as of 2016)
Density 1.56 /km2 (4.04 /sq mi)
Ethnic groups Creole, French, East Africans, Indians.
Additional information
Time zone
Official website www.seychelles.travel/en/discover/the-islands/outer-islands
ISO Code = SC-26

The Farquhar Group belong to the Outer Islands of the Seychelles, lying in the southwest of the island nation, more than 700 km (430 mi) southwest of the capital, Victoria, on Mahé Island.

Area[edit]

The total land area of all islands in the group is less than 12.837 km2 (4.956 sq mi), but the total area of the atolls measures about 370 km2 (140 sq mi).

The group consists of two atolls and one separate island. In addition, there are a couple of submerged reefs in the area:

  1. Farquhar Atoll (with two larger and about eight smaller islets)
  2. Providence Atoll (with 2 islets, Providence Island and Cerf Island)
  3. St. Pierre Island
  4. Wizard Reef
  5. Umzinto Bank (submerged)
  6. Bulldog Bank (submerged)
  7. McLeod Bank (submerged)

Population[edit]

There is only one settlement, which is located on Île du Nord (North Island) of Farquhar Atoll. There is an abandoned village on Providence Island of Providence Atoll. There are records of Maldivian mariner presence in the group from the 20th century, when a trading vessel from southern Maldives lost its course and reached Providence Atoll.[1]

Biology[edit]

The oonopid monotypic spider species Farqua quadrimaculata is the only known spider that is endemic to the Farquhar Islands.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Xavier Romero-Frias, The Maldive Islanders, A Study of the Popular Culture of an Ancient Ocean Kingdom. Barcelona 1999, ISBN 84-7254-801-5
  2. ^ Saaristo 2001
  • Saaristo, M. I. (2001). Dwarf hunting spiders or Oonopidae (Arachnida, Araneae) of the Seychelles. Insect Syst. Evol. 32: 307-358.