Farquhar Oliver

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Farquhar Robert Oliver
Farquhar Oliver.JPG
Farquhar Oliver, 1948
Leader of the Opposition
In office
October 1963 – September 1964
Preceded by John Wintermeyer
Succeeded by Andy Thompson
In office
1951 – April 1958
Preceded by Ted Jolliffe
Succeeded by John Wintermeyer
In office
July 1945 – June 1948
Preceded by Ted Jolliffe
Succeeded by Ted Jolliffe
Leader of the Ontario Liberal Party
In office
April 9, 1954 – April 20, 1958
Preceded by Walter Thomson
Succeeded by John Wintermeyer
In office
July 4, 1945 – November 10, 1950
Preceded by Mitchell Hepburn
Succeeded by Walter Thomson
Member of the Legislative Assembly of Ontario for Grey South
In office
1926–1967
Preceded by David Jamieson
Succeeded by Eric Winkler
Personal details
Born (1904-03-06)March 6, 1904
Priceville, Ontario
Died January 22, 1989(1989-01-22) (aged 84)
Owen Sound, Ontario
Political party Ontario Liberal Party (1941–1967)
Other political
affiliations
United Farmers of Ontario (1926–1941)
Cabinet Deputy Premier (1942-1943), Minister of Public Works
(1941–1942 & 1943)
Minister of Public Welfare
(1941–1942 & 1943)

Farquhar Robert Oliver (March 6, 1904 – January 22, 1989) was a politician in Ontario, Canada.

Oliver was elected to the Legislative Assembly of Ontario as a United Farmers of Ontario Member of the Legislative Assembly in the 1926 provincial election at the age of 22.

Oliver was re-elected as a UFO MLA in the 1929 election and was the sole (and last) United Farmers member in the legislature until 1941. In that year, he formally joined the Ontario Liberal Party and the cabinet of Premier Mitchell Hepburn as Minister of Public Works and Welfare after informally supporting the Liberals and attending their caucus meetings since 1934.[1] Oliver quit the cabinet in late October 1942, in protest against Hepburn's leadership of the Liberal Party. Hepburn had quit as Premier of Ontario but refused to resign as leader, and appointed Gordon Daniel Conant as the new Premier without consulting the party. Oliver's resignation contributed to a crisis that eventually led to both Hepburn and Conant's resignations and a leadership convention in May 1943. Harry Nixon was elected the party's new leader. Oliver rejoined the cabinet under new Premier Harry Nixon as Deputy Premier, but Nixon's government was short-lived, going down to defeat in the October 1943 election placing third behind the victorious Progressive Conservatives and the Co-operative Commonwealth Federation which became the Official Opposition.

Oliver became the party's acting leader in the legislature 1945 after Hepburn, who had regained the leadership of the party, lost his seat in the 1945 provincial election. The Liberals, nevertheless, displaced the CCF and Oliver became Leader of the Opposition and then permanent leader of the party in 1947 by defeating four other candidates to win a leadership convention. He led the party through the 1948 election that again reduced the Liberals to third place behind the Tories and CCF. Oliver resigned the leadership in 1950, and was replaced by Walter Thomson. However, Thomson was unable to win election to the Legislature, so Oliver remained house leader. Oliver became party leader again from 1954 until 1958, including the 1955 election, but resigned due to caucus feuding.[2] MPPs Albert Wren, who had placed second behind Oliver in the 1954 leadership convention, and Arthur Reaume attacked Oliver's leadership of the party as ineffectual and were explled from caucus in 1957, shortly before Oliver resigned so that a new leadership convention could be held.[3]Despite his experience, he was never able to lead his party to victory. Farquhar Oliver retired from the legislature in 1967, and died in 1989 at the age of 84.

Farquhar Oliver was the nephew of British Columbia Premier John Oliver.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "U.F.O. MEMBER, E.R. OLIVER GETS CABINET POST: Public Works Portfolio to Grey South M.L.A.; Succeeds Colin Campbell OATH ADMINISTERED". Globe and Mail. 24 January 1941. 
  2. ^ "Oliver's last piece of advice: Stick with your leader". Toronto Daily Star. 7 January 1961. 
  3. ^ "Ontario Liberal Leadership Fight Looms". Montreal Gazette. April 4, 1958. p. 13. 

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