Location in New York City
|City||New York City|
|• Total||0.026 sq mi (0.07 km2)|
|• Total||3,272 |
|Area code(s)||718, 347, 929, and 917|
|Average household income||$21,000|
The Farragut Houses is a public housing project located in the downtown neighborhood of northwestern Brooklyn, New York City. Bordering the historic Brooklyn Navy Yard, Farragut Houses is a property of New York City Housing Authority (NYCHA). The houses contain 3,272 residents who reside in ten buildings that are each 13 to 14 stories high.
The Farragut Houses are located in what used to be a heavily industrial area, near the Brooklyn Navy Yard. The site was occupied by 341 lots by 1941, of which 27 were vacant. Of the 314 lots that were extant, 198 consisted of wood structures. Wooden buildings were rarely built after the Great Fire of New York in 1835, and brick became the popular building material around the 1870s, so these structures were likely more than a century old.
The land for Farragut Houses was cleared starting in 1945. Prior to demolition, there was still an active neighborhood, with 144 stores that were occupied and 30 unoccupied, as well as 677 apartments, 33 one-family dwellings, and 61 two-family dwellings whose occupants needed to be relocated. There were a total of approximately 970 families to be relocated.
In 1949 the state approved the Farragut Housing projects fund for $15,087,000. The estimated rental price per room at that time was $5.82. The first residents started moving in that year; the average rent was between $33.50–$44 a month, including utilities. The three superblocks of the development were completed by 1952. The area consisted of 18 smaller blocks divided by roads and small alleyways. Eight streets—Talman Street, Charles Street, High Street, Prospect Street, Dixon Place, Fern Place and Greene Lane—were destroyed by the joining of these smaller blocks when demolition started in 1945. Hudson Avenue was cut off between Front and York Street and diverted over to Navy Street.
During wartime, the region was filled with sailors. Restaurants, illegal drinking establishments, tattoo parlors and brothels were packed with people who worked or commuted along the waterfront. Dirty and narrow streets provided a haven for derelict behavior. The Farragut Houses were built during a moment of industrial and economic growth, and the surrounding area contains infrastructure of this time of industrial development: waterfront piers, warehouses, industrial buildings, the Brooklyn-Queens Expressway, and the confluence of the Brooklyn and Manhattan Bridges in nearby Dumbo. The Brooklyn Navy Yard and other industries in Brooklyn declined after World War II and then closed in the mid-1960s, contributing to economic decline in the borough as a whole.
According to NYCHA, the Farragut Houses housing project has 1,390 apartments and 3,440 residents living in ten 13- and 14-story buildings in Vinegar Hill, within Brooklyn Community Board 2. The density of the population in Farragut Houses was 55,384.4 per square mile (21,384.0/km2) in 2013, and the Farragut Houses' total population in 2013 was 13,954. In 2003 the density of the population in Farragut Houses was 57,533.2 per square mile (22,213.7/km2), compared to 27,044.71 per square mile (10,442.02/km2) in 2010 and 60,683.7 per square mile (23,430.1/km2) in 2000.
The Farragut Houses fall under the jurisdiction of the New York City Police Department (NYPD)'s 84th Precinct. CompStat data from the years of 1990 – present show that over the course of time there has been a steady decline in crime rate.
In 1990, the 84th Precinct was tasked to handle 6,535 criminal incidents in the categories of murder, rape, robbery, felony assault, burglary, grand larceny, and grand larceny auto. Criminal incidents in the precinct as a whole began to drop with a total of 4,468 in 1993; 2,156 in 1998; and 1,045 in 2014. NYPD crime data shows that in 2015 the Farragut Houses area was the site for 1,106 criminal incidents. Theft is the most common crime in both the 84th Precinct and the Farragut area with high numbers of incidents of robbery (121 incidents), burglary (92 incidents), grand larceny (684 incidents), and grand larceny auto (51 incidents); most of those incidents took place further south, around Fulton Street.
Based on an incarceration map from 2009, which shows the blocks and neighborhoods of Brooklyn and the prison expenditures for those respective areas, the Farragut Housing area has a prison expenditure of around $500,000–$750,000. These prison expenditures are the costs of incarcerating residents of that specific area. This range is lower than other neighborhoods in Community Board 3, some of which have prison expenditures and exceeding $1,000,000.
In 2014, as part of security measures being undertaken in NYCHA properties around the city, NYCHA installed security cameras in eleven high-crime housing projects around Brooklyn, including the Farragut Houses.
NYCHA has taken precautions to protect their residents, and the New York City Police Department Housing Bureau offers many programs and initiatives, which train residents to be vigilant and actively stop criminal activity around them. These also teach youth to consider law enforcement as a career goal and instilling a sense of morals. The Resident Watch program, which has spanned for 40 years, allows residents to take initiative on stopping crime, and is active in four of ten buildings.
The Farragut Houses are separated from the rest of Brooklyn by the Brooklyn-Queens Expressway, making the area relatively hard to access from the south. The poverty-stricken area stands in sharp contrast to nearby blocks in Dumbo and Vinegar Hill, where the median income is $148,611, rents average around $3,000 a month, and apartments can sell for over one million dollars. The average Farragut Houses family, by contrast, makes $21,000 annually. Eighty-eight percent of public school students in the area live below the poverty line, and crime in the Farragut Houses is significantly higher than in Dumbo and Vinegar Hill.
There are a lack of affordable healthy food options in the area, making the area a food desert. Options include a Chinese restaurant, some bodegas, and a "small grocery store with a single aisle of produce." A proposed supermarket, which had been in planning since 2010, had not been built as of 2015[update]. From 2008 until 2015, the housing project did not have a laundry room in any of the buildings, so residents had to walk at least 1 mile (1.6 km) to go to one of two laundromats along Myrtle Avenue.
In 2010, the administration of former New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg proposed to revitalize Admiral's Row, a run-down block of Second Empire-style houses in the Navy Yard; however, the project was delayed after two developers severed connections with the projects. Admiral's Row was later demolished and a Wegmans supermarket was being build on the site. It is planned to open in 2019 and would also serve the Farragut Houses.
The Farragut Houses are served by the New York City Subway, with the F train stopping at York Street 0.2 miles (0.32 km) away and the A and C trains stopping at High Street. The nearby Jay Street–MetroTech complex is served by the A, C, F, N, R, and W trains.
The housing project is also served by four bus routes: the B57, B62, B67, and B69, all of which run right through the housing project. All of these routes also go to downtown Brooklyn and connect with the Jay Street complex.
In contrast to other places, subway service to the Farragut Houses area has declined over the decades. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, the neighborhood was served by elevated lines and trolleys. The first elevated railway, the BMT Myrtle Avenue Line, came to downtown Brooklyn in 1885 and ran only a few blocks away. The N, R, and W trains' station at Lawrence Street (now Jay Street–MetroTech) opened on June 11, 1924. High Street opened in June 24, 1933, and York Street on April 9, 1936. A trolley ran on Sands, Jay, and Hudson Streets, very close to the site of Farragut Houses, although the last trolley cars were retired on March 4, 1951, the same year the Farragut Houses opened, and the last trolley bus ran on Flushing Avenue to High Street on July 27, 1960. As late as 1951 the Myrtle Avenue El still existed, stopping at Navy Street and Myrtle Avenue, about three blocks from the current site of the Farragut Houses, as it had since the 1880s.
According to the NYC Department of Education, five out of the 10 Farragut Houses buildings are zoned for P.S. 307 Daniel Hale Williams (K307), while two buildings are zoned for P.S. 287 Bailey K. Ashford (K287) and three buildings are zoned for P.S. 8 Robert Fulton (K008). September 2015[update], the NYC Department of Education proposed a rezoning of the area, which was controversial among residents in adjacent, more affluent Vinegar Hill. After the rezoning was passed, the feedback from many parents was mostly positive and supportive.
Elementary schools include:
- Community Roots Charter School (Saint Edwards Street, Third Floor)
- P.S 307 Daniel Hale Williams (209 York Street)
- P.S 8 Robert Fulton (37 Hicks Street)
Middle schools include:
- Satellite West Middle School (209 York Street)
- Community Roots Middle School (50 Navy Street, Third Floor)
NYCHA is modernizing the Farragut Houses and other NYCHA properties using a program called NextGen NYCHA. There is a MyNYCHA program called "The Digital Van" funded by a Broadband Technology Opportunities Program grant from the United States Department of Commerce; the vans, which are equipped with eight laptops and are available Monday through Friday 10 a.m to 4 p.m., enable residents to use the vans to access the internet. Another app, called the My NYCHA App, allows residents to receive information on service outages, report damages, and request emergency assistance.
The old City of Brooklyn had many water reservoirs. Before the housing project was built, the water was distributed by 36 cast iron main aqueduct pipe to 6-to-8-inch (15 to 20 cm) cast iron branch pipes to the neighborhoods until 1900. The branch pipes replaced 8-to-12-inch (20 to 30 cm) cast iron pipes in the early 1900s.
As the population of the neighborhoods kept increasing, the demand for a larger supply of water increased. The increase in population throughout Brooklyn and the soon-to-be other boroughs also caused a problem with the water supply, as the wellwater became polluted and there was an insufficient supply of water. This caused many health problems as there was only a few sources of water. In response, the city began to create a system of water pipes that flowed through the city, as well as outsourced fresh water supplies outside the city. The New York City water system is managed by the Department of Environmental Protection and consists of three upstate aqueducts—the Croton, Catskill, and Delaware aqueducts—the latter two of which flow through Brooklyn.
Farragut Houses currently uses a more modern water pipe system. The New York City Department of Environmental Protection regulates Farragut Houses' water system and its pipes. Each building has its own water piping system and all buildings share three back up water storage tanks in cases of emergencies such as water outages and storms.
NYCHA's job is to create public housing for low income families while also giving them free maintenance, cleaning and heating. Residents of the Farragut Houses have made a large number of complaints and maintenance repair requests, especially during winter. The reason for increased winter complaints is that the outdated buildings are causing problems with piping and heating, causing harsh living conditions for residents. For instance, on August 16, 2013, the Farragut Houses had 4,034 unanswered repair requests, with complaints ranging from difficulties closing doors to mold growing in bathrooms. In response, Mayor Bill de Blasio unveiled proposals to fix these problems. However, at the same time, De Blasio planned to also cut NYCHA's budget.
Vinegar Hill Community Garden, located on York Street, was built as part of the Gardens for Healthy Communities program in 2013. The 2,500-square-foot (230 m2) garden includes more than ten raised beds for growing vegetables, a rainwater harvesting system, shed, and seating. Members of the community and students from nearby PS 307 work in the garden.
- "Farragut Houses Population". Archived from the original on November 16, 2015.
- "Farragut Houses Area".
- "MyNYCHA Developments Portal". my.nycha.info. Retrieved May 8, 2017.
- "Civic Center Project Starts to Materialize". the Brooklyn Daily Eagle. March 21, 1945. pp. 1, 11. Retrieved April 28, 2016 – via Newspapers.com.
- Downtown Brooklyn Neighborhood Study. Rep. New York City: Mayor's Committee on Property Improvement, 1941.
- Wilson, Rufus Rockwell (1902). New York: Old & New: Its Story, Streets, and Landmarks. J. B. Lippincott. p. 354.
- "Funds Okayed For Farragut Housing Units". The Brooklyn Daily Eagle. September 1, 1949. p. 1. Retrieved May 6, 2017 – via Newspapers.com.
- "First Farragut Tenants Move in Tuesday". The Brooklyn Daily Eagle. March 25, 1951. p. 14. Retrieved May 6, 2017 – via Newspapers.com.
- Snyder-Grenier, Ellen M. Brooklyn!: An Illustrated History. Philadelphia: Temple UP, 1996.
- "Total population in Census Tract 23". socialexplorer.com.
- "'Million-Dollar Blocks' Map Incarceration's Costs". wbur. Retrieved December 21, 2015.
- "Cameras to go up at tragic Brooklyn housing project, among others | Brooklyn Daily Eagle". www.brooklyneagle.com. Retrieved April 29, 2016.
- Williams, Keith (April 17, 2015). "Promised a Supermarket Five Years Ago, a Housing Project Is Still Waiting". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved April 29, 2016.
- "Nabe where thin road divides 2 worlds". NY Daily News. Retrieved April 29, 2016.
- "Dirty shame: Residents of housing project must walk a half-hour to clean their clothes since city shut down laundry room". The Brooklyn Paper. Retrieved April 29, 2016.
- Warerkar, Tanay (June 14, 2018). "New looks at Brooklyn Navy Yard's latest manufacturing hub". Curbed NY. Retrieved September 27, 2018.
- "Wegmans set to open first NYC store in Brooklyn". NY Daily News. Retrieved May 8, 2017.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on November 16, 2015. Retrieved November 23, 2015.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
- "Subway Map" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. May 1, 2019. Retrieved January 18, 2018.
- "Brooklyn Bus Map" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. November 2017. Retrieved April 24, 2018.
- 1924 BMT Subway-Elevated Map
- 1937 IND Map
- 1951 Route Map
- Team, NYTM Education. "New York Transit Museum - Teacher Resource Center - History of Public Transportation in New York City". Retrieved July 7, 2016.
- "mta.info - Facts and Figures". Retrieved July 7, 2016.
- "www.nycsubway.org: Early Rapid Transit in Brooklyn, 1878-1913". Retrieved July 7, 2016.
- "Announcing the Opening of the Lawrence Street (BMT) Subway Station". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. June 11, 1924. p. 8. Retrieved September 11, 2016.
- "JOBS ARE ALL FILLED ON SUBWAY LINKS; Board Reports Thousands Already Listed – High St. Station, Brooklyn, Opened" (PDF). The New York Times. June 25, 1933. Retrieved October 27, 2015.
- "Two Subway Links Start Wednesday". The New York Times. April 6, 1936. p. 23. Retrieved October 7, 2011.
- Null(0), Tramway (July 27, 2012). "Streetcars and Spatial Analysis: Downtown Brooklyn Streetcar Map 9-22-44 to 3-4-51". Retrieved July 7, 2016.
- 1951 Route Map, 1951 Route Map (Bottom Half - Brooklyn, lower Manhattan)
- Venugopal, Nikhita. "PS 307 Begins New School Year After Contentious Rezoning". dnainfo. Dnainfo. Archived from the original on November 9, 2017. Retrieved May 8, 2017.
- Gill, Lauren. "Controversial Vinegar Hill school rezoning gets passing grade". brookylnpaper. The Brooklyn Paper. Retrieved May 8, 2017.
- Whitford, Emma. "DUMBO Parents Push Back Against Rezoning That Would Integrate Schools". Gothamist. Archived from the original on May 7, 2016. Retrieved April 28, 2016.
- "Brooklyn school rezoning proposal at heart of diversity debate is approved". www.capitalnewyork.com. Retrieved April 29, 2016.
- "Stuck in the middle: Parents won't OK PS 307 rezoning without MS plan". The Brooklyn Paper. Retrieved December 21, 2015.
- "Break Ground for 1st Church in City Project". Brooklyn Public Library. p. 8. Retrieved December 21, 2015.
- "NYCHA - NextGen NYCHA". Retrieved April 28, 2016.
- "NYCHA - Adults". Retrieved April 28, 2016.
- "NYCHA - MyNYCHA". Retrieved April 28, 2016.
- G.M. Hopkins, C.E., F.Bourquin’s Steam Lithographic Press, “Atlas of The City of Brooklyn” Vol.1; 1880; Brooklyn Collection, The Brooklyn Central Public Library.
- Hugo Ullitz, C.E, E. Belcher Hyde, Inc., “Desk Atlas of the Borough of Brooklyn City of New York” Vol.1; 1903; Brooklyn Collection, The Brooklyn Public Library.
- E. Robinson C.E, R.H. Pigeon, C.E, E. Belcher Hyde, Inc., “Desk Atlas of the Borough of Brooklyn City of New York” Vol.1; 1920; Brooklyn Collection, The Brooklyn Public Library.
- "History of Water system". New York City Department of Environmental Protection. Retrieved April 29, 2016.
- "History of New York City's Water Supply System". New York City Department of Environmental Protection. Retrieved April 29, 2016.
- "History of New York City's Water Supply System". Retrieved April 28, 2016.
- "Vinegar Hill - DUMBO's Farragut Houses Have 4,034 Unanswered Repair Requests, Data Show - Neighborhood News - DNAinfo New York". DNAinfo New York. Archived from the original on August 7, 2016. Retrieved April 28, 2016.
- "New York City Housing Authority - NYCHA Metrics". Retrieved July 7, 2016.
- "De Blasio Administration Unveils 'NextGeneration NYCHA'". The official website of the City of New York. Retrieved April 28, 2016.
- "Vinegar Hill Community Garden | GrowNYC". www.grownyc.org. Retrieved May 10, 2017.
- "7 Feb 1954, Page 25 - The Brooklyn Daily Eagle at Newspapers.com". Newspapers.com. Retrieved December 21, 2015.