|Parque da Redenção|
The Park in 2017
|Location||Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil|
|Status||Open year round|
The park was designed by French architect Alfred Agache and founded in September 19, 1935.
The site where the park is located was formerly called Várzea do Portão, a large flooded lowlands close to the old gate to Porto Alegre. On February 23, 1807, the City Council requested the Governor of the Province, Paulo José da Silva Gama, to donate the land to be used as public area, as well as a focus area for herds of cattle brought for local supply. However, its measurement would only be effectively carried out between 1820 and 1825.
After its donation to the city, it suffered several attempts of alteration of its primary goals, which have always been hindered by the government. During the Ragamuffin War the Várzea was outside the city's fortifications, and after the end of the conflict an inspection found several irregularities, such as fences advancing their territory and built a mansion at its center, all was immediately demolished. In the years that followed, government and private individuals tried to split the ground to give it other uses, always finding opposition. In 1870, the Lowland received its first official name, changing its name to Campo do Bonfim, in view of the construction of Capela do Bonfim (Lord Jesus Chapel of the Good End, Chapel Bonfim) on its northern boundary. There were also subsequent threats to the integrity of the area, all frustrated, and in 1872 the President of the Province authorized the construction of a military base in its southeastern limit, being the source of the current Colégio Militar de Porto Alegre (Military School of Porto Alegre).
The site was also used as a drying area for leather, a meeting place for carts and as a deposit of the municipal waste until mid-1890, in spite of contrary opinions Hygiene of the Board of the Province. In 1884 the street had its name changed toCampos da Redenção (Fields of Redemption), celebrating the early abolition of slavery in the city.
In 1927, the actual landscaping of the Campos da Redenção began, with the implementation of the Jardim Paulo Gama garden to the north and the banning of the parade of carts and herds in 1928. In 1935 for the centenary celebrations of the Revolução Farroupilha (Ragamuffin War), the entire southern part of the field was drained, flushed and urbanized, following the designs of French architect Alfred Agache. This year its name was changed to its current name Parque Farroupilha.
Araujo Viana Auditorium
Auditorium for concerts, performances and meetings. Designed by architects Moacir Moojen e Carlos Fayet, was inaugurated in March 1964, making it an important space for cultural events.
Brique da Redenção
Every Sunday from 9:00 am the Porto Alegrenses have their favorite outing in Brique da Redenção. There are dozens of stalls selling crafts, Arts, Souvenirs, Food and Antiques, all along the Avenida Jose Bonifacio. The Park is full of people walking, talking and taking their mate, especially on sunny mornings. A must for candidates at election time and movements of all types and organizations.
Recanto da Ilha
The dock in the little lake inside the park, was located where now stands the Cafeteria. Recently, in 2001, the pier was transferred to the other side, where there is the Belvedere, in the middle of the lake on an island, which is reached through a beautiful bridge. There are paddle boats that are rented from the wharf at the box office, in March/2004 they were renovated and have buoys and life jackets now, there are boats for 2, 3 and 4 people, some in the shape of swans.
Monumento ao Expedicionário
Inaugurated in June 16, 1957, the Monument to the Expeditionary, made of granite with a double Arc de Triomphe, with 12.50 m in height, is home to the Pira da Pátria, an important point of the celebrations of the Independence of Brazil, September 7, and the Ragamuffin War, on September 20.
After World War II the Brazilian Expeditionary Force members who had fought against the Axis on the Italian front returned to Brazil, and the country multiplied in tribute to the GIs and their deeds. Porto Alegre was no exception, especially as many gaucho soldiers and officers had participated in the war. So in 1946 there was a competition for projects and models of a "Arc de Triomphe" to honor the BEF and its soldiers.
Located in the Avenue of the States, the water surface suggests tranquility and peace to visitors who can see reflected in its surface the image of blue sky, the trees bloom and the birds singing in the park.
- Golan, Romy, THE WORLD FAIR A TRANSMEDIAL THEATER, p. 173
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