Farrukhi Sistani

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Farrukhi Sistani
Ali ibn Julugh

Died1037 or 1038 (aged 57–58)
OccupationCourt poet
EraMedieval, Ghaznavids, 10th or 11th Century

Abul Hasan Ali ibn Julugh Farrukhi Sistani (Persian: ابوالحسن علی بن جولوغ فرخی سیستانی‎) (c. 980 – 1037 or 1038[1]) was a 10th- and 11th-century Persian royal poet of Ghaznavids.[2]

As an ethnic Persian,[3] he was one of the brightest masters of the panegyric school of poetry in the court of Mahmud of Ghazni. He started his career by writing a qasideh called 'With a Caravan of Fine Robes' (in Persian: با کاروان حله) and presented it to Asa'ad Chaghani, the vizier of Saffarid king of Sistan. This poem was so beautiful and masterful that Farrokhi was admitted to the court. Here is the opening line:

با کاروان حُلّه برفتم ز سیستان
با حُلّهٔ تنیده ز دل، بافته ز جان

I left Sistan with a caravan of fine robes.
Robes spun from the heart, woven from the soul.

The next day when the king went to his ranch where he used to party and brand his new young horses. The vizier described to Farrukhi the setting of branding of horses. Farrokhi went home and based on the descriptions and without seeing the actual scene, wrote a new poem called 'Branding Place' (in Persian: داغگاه). The next morning he went back to the vizier and recited the poem. Vizier was so impressed that immediately took Farrokhi to the king. When this poem was recited to the king, he was so impressed that he gave 40 young horses to Farrokhi as gift. The opening line is:

چون پرند نیلگون بر روی پوشد مرغزار
پرنیان هفت رنگ اندر سرآرد کوهسار

Farrokhi was also a master in music and could play barbat and had a nice voice and could sing too. He later moved to the court of Ghaznavids, first Mahmud and then his son, Masud.

Farrokhi's divan of 9000 verses survived. He died in 1037 or 1038 CE.

Sample poetry[edit]

فسانه گشت و کهن شد حدیث سکندر
سخن نو آر که نو را حلاوتی است دگر

The story of Alexander the Great has aged and become legend
Bring forth new stories since the new has a different sweetness.


  1. ^ FARROḴĪ SĪSTĀNĪ, ABU’L-ḤASAN ʿALĪ, J. T. P. de Bruijn, The Encyclopædia Iranica, http://www.iranicaonline.org/articles/farroki-sistani
  2. ^ Ghaznavid Panegyrics: Some Political Implications, Julie Scott Meisami, Iran, Vol. 28, (1990), 34.
  3. ^ Farrukhi Sistani, C. L. Huarte, The Encyclopedia of Islam, Vol. II, Ed. B.Lewis, C. Pellat and J. Schacht, (E. J. Brill, 1991), 809.
  • Jan Rypka, History of Iranian Literature. Reidel Publishing Company. 1968 OCLC 460598. ISBN 90-277-0143-1

See also[edit]