Farsund within Vest-Agder
|• Mayor (2011)||Richard Ivar Buch (H)|
|• Total||262.4 km2 (101.3 sq mi)|
|• Land||252 km2 (97 sq mi)|
|Area rank||294 in Norway|
|• Rank||107 in Norway|
|• Density||35.8/km2 (93/sq mi)|
|• Change (10 years)||1.4 %|
|Demonym(s)||Farsunder or Farsundar
(also Listelending or listring)
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|ISO 3166 code||NO-1003|
|Official language form||Bokmål|
The town of Farsund was established as a municipality on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt), although already recognized as a trading center in 1795. The rural municipalities of Herad, Lista, and Spind were merged with Farsund on 1 January 1965.
Farsund is a coastal municipality, bordering on Kvinesdal municipality in the north and Lyngdal in the north and east. In terms of square mileage it is one of the smallest municipalities in Vest-Agder county, yet one of the largest in number of inhabitants. The municipality of Farsund has 9,433 inhabitants (2012), concentrated in three centres of population: Farsund town (pop 3198), Vanse (pop 1901), and Vestbygda (no) (pop 1087). Loshavn with its wooden buildings is located outside Farsund.
There is evidence of settlement in Farsund and Lista since the Stone Age.
Farsund held a strategic location in the Atlantic wall during World War II, with over 400 bunkers built in Farsund municipality, many that can be visited. Between 1940–45, large Soviet prison camps were located at Lista, with prison camps at Kåde and Ore holding over 600 prisoners. The Soviet prisoners were used as forced labour to build Farsund airport, bunkers, barracks and fortifications .
Farsund previously had a hospital, which was closed down in 2007.
The largest industries are Alcoa Lista, an aluminium plant, and Farsund Aluminium Casting AS, which makes auto parts of aluminium. Historically, shipping and fisheries have also been important. Farsund is the largest agricultural district in the county of Vest-Agder, having 26 km² productive land, 88 km² forest, and 17 km² freshwater areas. Farsund was already organized as a trading centre in 1795, and in 1995 celebrated its 200-year jubilee.
Trade and shipping laid the foundation for prosperity, and "the city of the strait" was a period one of the world's largest shipping towns in relation to the size of population.
Farsund Airport, Lista (FAN) was closed in 2002. The airport had from 1955 to 2002 scheduled traffic to Stavanger, Bergen and Oslo. Airlines which have frequented at Lista are among others Braathens SAFE, Norving and Air Stord.
The Airport was built by Luftwaffe in 1940, and they operated the airport with several fighter squadrons during World War II. After the war, the Royal Norwegian Air Force took over the airport, and for a period it was used as training camp for conscripts.
Today, the airport is privatized and is an industrial area with only minor GA-traffic.
West in the municipality, at Lista, is Vanse Church. This is a medieval church, and the region's oldest and possibly the county's. Local people have wanted to date this church on older than Oddernes Church. Recent assessments from archaeologists suggest that the present church was begun built in the 13th century, while other reviews suggest about the year 1037.
East in the municipality is Spind church, a cruciform church from 1776, built of wood with 500 seats.
The Savior's Church is a church dating from 1785 located in Farsund centre. It is built of stone, and has 380 seats. The church was rebuilt after a city fire in 1901.
Herad church is the youngest church in Farsund municipality, built in 1957 as a church of brick.
Farsund is a town linked to the fjords. It's guest harbour was considered one of the best in Norway, and is full of boats in summer months. Every year, Strandmila (5k / 10k run) takes place in Husenby Park. The course covers countryside trails, forest paths and sand beaches.