Fascism in Canada

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Fascism in Canada consisted of a variety of movements and political parties in Canada during the 20th century. Largely a fringe ideology, fascism has never commanded a large following amongst the Canadian people, and was most popular during the Great Depression. Most Canadian fascist leaders were interned at the outbreak of World War II under the Defence of Canada Regulations and in the post-war period, fascism never recovered its former small influence.

The Canadian Union of Fascists, based in Winnipeg, Manitoba, was modeled on Oswald Mosley's British Union of Fascists. Its leader was Chuck Crate. Parti National Social Chrétien was founded in Quebec in February 1934 by Adrien Arcand. In October 1934, the party merged with the Canadian Nationalist Party, which was based in the prairie provinces. In June 1938, it merged with Nazi groups from Ontario and Quebec (many of which were known as Swastika clubs), to form the National Unity Party.[1]

Fascist concepts and policies, such as Eugenics, formulated in the US, found a friendly reception in Canada in some Provinces, such as Alberta, where, under a Social Credit government, alleged mental defectives and other 'non-producers' were involuntarily sterilized to prevent the birth of more similar people. Socialist hero and icon Tommy Douglas, Saskatchewan CCF party Premier from 1948 until approximately 1960 was, in a Master Thesis paper he wrote in 1933 while attending McMaster University in Ontario, a proponent of some of the ideas of Eugenics, but later abandoned and rejected such notions as a Premier and even earlier. Eugenics policies were implemented in many US states, and carried to an extreme by the National Socialists of Germany under Chancellor Hitler. [1]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Fascist Meet, Time Magazine, July 18, 1938

External links[edit]

  • Fascism article from the Canadian Encyclopedia


  • [2] Review of 2012 book - Liberal Fascism - by Jonah Goldberg - US focused - mention of Alberta