Fast Lane (E-ZPass)
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Fast Lane was the original branding for the E-ZPass electronic toll collection system used on toll roads in Massachusetts, including the Massachusetts Turnpike, Sumner Tunnel, Ted Williams Tunnel, and Tobin Bridge. It was introduced in 1998, and later folded into the E-ZPass branding in 2012. Fast Lane transponders were fully interoperable with member agencies of the E-ZPass Interagency Group, however Fast Lane transponders (or the "E-ZPass MA" replacement transponders exclusive to Massachusetts) afford users discounted tolls in some junctions that out-of-state users are not offered.
In 2012 the Department of Transportation began the process of converting all existing Fast Lanes to E-ZPass lanes and also began to phase out the Fast Lane name. The Fast Lane website is now branded as E-ZPass MA. With the change, the toll collection system has ceased to have corporate sponsorship. Towards the end of 2016 and into 2017, the entire toll road system in the Commonwealth was converted to open-road tolling, thus the system no longer has any booths.
The original electronic toll collection system in Massachusetts was called MassPass and was installed at the Ted Williams Tunnel. This system was scrapped and replaced by the current E-ZPass-compatible system in 1998 for the Ted Williams Tunnel and the Massachusetts Turnpike Boston extension and extended to the rest of the turnpike in 1999.
When the system was first introduced, AAA gave out to its Western Massachusetts members an orange Fast Lane pass. This pass could be used from exits 1 to 6 without toll because these exits do not currently charge tolls. The orange passes were eliminated when tolls were reinstated on that section of the Turnpike on October 15, 2013.
In 2011, MassDOT announced that the Fast Lane branding would be dropped beginning in mid-2012 and rebranded to the typical E-ZPass and switch to the purple and white signage. This has occurred along all tolls, officially phasing out Fast Lane in itself.
The system was sponsored by Citizens Bank for the Massachusetts Turnpike and tunnels, and by TD Bank, N.A. for the Tobin Bridge (formerly administered by the separate Massachusetts Port Authority). Along the Turnpike it was branded the Citizens Bank Fast Lane, whereas at the Tobin Bridge it was branded TD Bank Fast Lane. Until 2005, Fleet Bank sponsored the Fast Lane system. It inherited the sponsorship upon merging with BankBoston, the founding financial institution of the local system along with the Massachusetts Turnpike.
Consumers are not required to pay the cost of the transponder. The Massachusetts Turnpike Authority used to charge a one-time fee to buy the transponder. They had planned to replace that charge with a $0.50 monthly fee, but both fees were eliminated due to criticism of Massachusetts Turnpike Easter Sunday congestion in 2009.
"Fast Lane"/"E-Z Pass MA" subscribers from any state receive (over cash or E-Z Pass customers subscribed via other states) a 25¢ discount at Allston-Brighton tolls, 50¢ discount at Sumner and Ted Williams tunnels and Tobin Memorial Bridge.
Several discounts are available with a special transponder obtained by application:
- Residents of Charlestown and Chelsea pay $0.30 on Tobin Bridge.
- Residents of East Boston, South Boston, and North End pay $0.40 at Sumner and Ted Williams tunnels.
- Carpools with 3 or more passengers receive various discounts.
Legality of discounts
The legality and constitutionality of offering discounts to holders of transponders issued by Massachusetts as opposed to transponders issued by other states has been upheld twice at the federal appellate level, in 2003 by the First Circuit in a case arising out of Massachusetts and in 2010 by the Third Circuit in a case arising out of New Jersey. Significantly, both courts based their rulings on the fact that Massachusetts transponders are available on equal terms to in-state and out-of-state residents and that anyone is allowed to have a transponder from more than one state at a time, choosing which transponder to use in each toll transaction to obtain the cheaper rate. The court in the New Jersey case noted parenthetically that "...out-of-state residents who commute regularly to Boston each day might very well decide to carry only a [Massachusetts] Fast Lane transponder."
- Johnson, Patrick (19 September 2013). "MassDOT van to distribute E-ZPass transponders at Pittsfield Farmers Market". The Republican. Retrieved 16 October 2013.
- Banknorth Becomes Tobin Bridge Fastlane Sponsor; Massport Signs New England Bank, Generating Non-toll Revenue Archived May 24, 2006, at the Wayback Machine.
- "Fast Lane Transponders Are Now Fee Free". wbztv.com. Archived from the original on April 28, 2009. Retrieved 2009-08-06.
- E-ZPass MA Program - Highway Division - MassDOT Archived February 6, 2016, at the Wayback Machine.
- Doran v. Massachusetts Turnpike Authority, 348, September 12, 2003, p. 315, retrieved 2017-11-10
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on April 3, 2015. Retrieved April 7, 2015.
- "Doran et al. v. Massachusetts Turnpike Authority (03-1312), 348 F.3d 315 (CA1 2003)". United States Court of Appeals, First Circuit. November 6, 2003. Retrieved 2012-01-14.
- "Yerger et al. v. Massachusetts Turnpike Authority (09-4083), ___ F.3d ___ (CA3 2010)". United States Court of Appeals, Third Circuit. September 30, 2010. Retrieved 2012-01-14.