Fasta Åland

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Fasta Åland
Native name: Fasta Åland
Aland map 01.png
Fasta Åland is located in Finland
Fasta Åland
Fasta Åland
Geography
Location Baltic Sea
Coordinates 60°08′53″N 19°47′18″E / 60.14806°N 19.78833°E / 60.14806; 19.78833Coordinates: 60°08′53″N 19°47′18″E / 60.14806°N 19.78833°E / 60.14806; 19.78833
Archipelago Åland Islands
Area 685 km2 (264 sq mi)
Administration
Finland
Province Åland
Largest settlement Mariehamn (pop. 11,048)
Demographics
Ethnic groups Swedes

Fasta Åland (Finnish: Manner-Ahvenanmaa or Ahvenanmanner, meaning mainland Åland) is the largest and most populous island of Åland, an autonomous province of Finland. The island is home to the provincial capital Mariehamn. About ninety percent of the archipelago's population lives on Fasta Åland.[1] Its area is difficult to estimate due to its irregular shape and coastline, but estimates range from 740 square kilometres[2] to 879 square kilometres[3] to over 1,010 square kilometres, depending on what is included or excluded.

On the east side of Fasta Åland is a large bay, Lumparn, which is now believed to be the impact crater from a meteorite impact about 1000 million years ago.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Statistical Yearbook of Finland 2016, p.505. Accessed 2017-02-07. http://www.stat.fi/tup/julkaisut/tiedostot/julkaisuluettelo/yyti_stv_201600_2016_16179_net.pdf
  2. ^ Scheffel, Richard L.; Wernet, Susan J., eds. (1980). Natural Wonders of the World. United States of America: Reader's Digest Association, Inc. p. 3. ISBN 0-89577-087-3. 
  3. ^ Europe, Council of (2012-01-01). Biodiversity and Climate Change: Reports and Guidance Developed Under the Bern Convention. Council of Europe. p. 251. ISBN 9789287170590. 
  4. ^ Svensson, N.-B. (1993). "Lumparn Bay: A Meteorite Impact Crater in the Aland Archipelago, Southwest Finland". Meteoritics. 28 (3): 445. Bibcode:1993Metic..28S.445S.