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Fastest recorded tennis serves

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This article lists the fastest record serve speeds for men's and women's professional tennis.

Max reported speeds that are severe outliers are dubious due to the occasional errors with ATP radar equipment.[1] Some notable outliers are the recorded speeds of John Isner at 4,718 km/h (2,931.6 mph),[2] João Sousa at 2,077 km/h (1,290.6 mph),[3] Denis Shapovalov at 424 km/h (263.5 mph),[4] Laslo Djere at 305 km/h (189.5 mph),[5] Alejandro Davidovich Fokina at 252 km/h (156.6 mph),[6] Ryan Harrison at 244.6 km/h (152.0 mph),[7] Gaël Monfils at 242.0 km/h (150 mph),[8] and Rafael Nadal at 230.0 km/h (142.9 mph).[9]

The fastest recorded serve is by Sam Groth, at 163 mph (263 km/h) at a Challenger event. His second fastest record speed, and his fastest at an ATP event, was 147 mph at Wimbledon.[10][11] Similarly, John Isner once hit a serve recorded at 253.0 km/h (157 mph) in the first round of the 2016 Davis Cup. One of the next fastest recorded speeds for Isner is 144 mph and the fastest serve in most of his matches is between 137 and 142 mph.[12] The fastest recorded speed that is not an outlier is 149 mph by Ben Shelton. At 20 years old, the American Ben Shelton served at 149 mph twice in the same game during the 1/8 finals of the 2023 US Open.[13] Shelton has reached speeds of 147 mph to 149 mph on multiple occasions.[14]

This list is not historically complete. For instance, not listed here, Roscoe Tanner's serve was clocked at 153 mph at Palm Springs in 1978 during the final against Raúl Ramírez. There are also reports that Bill Tilden had a serve that was clocked at 163.3 mph but there is nothing to verify that.[15] Also, Ellsworth Vines in the Wimbledon finals of 1932 clocked 121 mph (without Radar).[16] Udayachand Shetty's winning serve was clocked by radar at 120 mph using a wooden racquet, at the Gilbey Gins fast serve contest held in Chicago on 24 July 1976.[17] This qualified him to take part in the finals at the West Side Tennis Club in Forest Hills Queens on 20 August 1976. Colin Dibley of Australia won the event with a serve of 130 mph.[18]

Milos Raonic with a 235 km/h (146.0 mph) second serve in the second round of the 2017 Australian Open in Melbourne and Giovanni Mpetshi Perricard with a 235 km/h (146.0 mph) second serve in the first round of the 2024 BOSS Open in Stuttgart, holds the record for the fastest second serve ever recorded.[19][20]

Criteria to be listed in this article
  • Men's serves must be recorded at or over 230 km/h (142.9 mph) minimum standard speed.
  • Women's serves must be recorded at or over 200 km/h (124.3 mph) minimum standard speed.[21]
  • Only one serve per player is recorded here. For example, Andy Roddick has several 225.3 km/h (140 mph) or faster serves on his record but only his personal best of 249 km/h (155 mph) is included.[22]
  • In cases where more than one serve has been recorded at the same speed, the oldest recorded serve is listed first.

Men

[edit]
Key
W  F  SF QF #R RR Q# DNQ A NH
(W) winner; (F) finalist; (SF) semifinalist; (QF) quarterfinalist; (#R) rounds 4, 3, 2, 1; (RR) round-robin stage; (Q#) qualification round; (DNQ) did not qualify; (A) absent; (NH) not held; (SR) strike rate (events won / competed); (W–L) win–loss record.
  Not recognized by ATP
  Unsourced or unverified
Rank Player Max reported Event Type Round Ref. Non-outlier max[23] Average first serve[23]
1 Australia Sam Groth 263.4 km/h (163.7 mph) 2012 Busan Open Challenger Tennis Singles 2R [24] 236.6 km/h (147.0 mph) 197.9 km/h (123.0 mph)
2 France Albano Olivetti 257.5 km/h (160.0 mph) 2012 Internazionali Trofeo Lame Perrel–Faip Singles 1R [25] 226.9 km/h (141.0 mph) 204.4 km/h (127.0 mph)
3 United States John Isner[note 1] 253.0 km/h (157.2 mph) 2016 Davis Cup Singles 1R [27] 241.4 km/h (150.0 mph) 201.2 km/h (125.0 mph)
4 Croatia Ivo Karlović 251 km/h (156.0 mph) 2011 Davis Cup Doubles 1R [28] 223.7 km/h (139.0 mph) 201.2 km/h (125.0 mph)
Poland Jerzy Janowicz[note 2] 251 km/h (156.0 mph) 2012 Pekao Szczecin Open Singles 1R [30] 230.1 km/h (143.0 mph)–241.4 km/h (150.0 mph) 193.1 km/h (120.0 mph)
6 Canada Milos Raonic 249.9 km/h (155.3 mph) 2012 SAP Open Singles 2R [31] 243.0 km/h (151.0 mph) 201.2 km/h (125.0 mph)
7 United States Andy Roddick 249.4 km/h (155 mph) 2004 Davis Cup Singles SF [32] 230.1 km/h (143.0 mph) 199.6 km/h (124.0 mph)
8 Australia Chris Guccione 248.0 km/h (154.1 mph) 2006 Davis Cup Singles 1R [33]
9 Sweden Joachim Johansson 244.6 km/h (152.0 mph) 2004 Davis Cup Doubles 1R [34]
France Giovanni Mpetshi Perricard 244.6km/h (152.0mph) 2024 French Open Doubles 1R [35] 244.0 km/h

(151.6 mph)[36]

217.2 km/h

(135.0 mph) [37]

Spain Feliciano López 244.6 km/h (152.0 mph) 2014 Aegon Championships Singles 1R [38] 223.7 km/h (139.0 mph) 194.7 km/h (121.0 mph)
12 Romania Marius Copil 244.0 km/h (151.6 mph) 2016 European Open Singles QF [39] 226.9 km/h (141.0 mph)-244.6 km/h (152.0 mph) 202.8 km/h (126.0 mph)
13 Australia Alexei Popyrin 243.0 km/h (151.0 mph) 2023 Tokyo Singles QF [citation needed]
Poland Hubert Hurkacz 243.0 km/h (151.0 mph) 2016 Davis Cup Singles 1R [citation needed] 215.7 km/h (134.0 mph) 194.7 km/h (121.0 mph)
Germany Oscar Otte 243.0 km/h (151 mph) 2021 US Open Singles 4R [40]
16 United States Ben Shelton [note 3] 241.4 km/h (150.0 mph) 2024 BNP Paribas Open Singles 2R [42]
17 United States Taylor Dent 241.0 km/h (149.8 mph) 2006 ABN AMRO World Tennis Tournament Singles 1R [31]
18 Latvia Ernests Gulbis 240 km/h (149.1 mph) 2007 St. Petersburg Open Singles ? [citation needed]
Argentina Juan Martín del Potro 240 km/h (149.1 mph) 2017 Stockholm Open Singles F [43] 218.9 km/h (136.0 mph) 193.1 km/h (120.0 mph)
20 United Kingdom Greg Rusedski 239.8 km/h (149 mph) 1998 Newsweek Champions Cup Singles SF [44]
21 Russia Dmitry Tursunov 237.0 km/h (147.3 mph) 2006 Davis Cup Singles SF [45]
France Paul-Henri Mathieu 237.0 km/h (147.3 mph) 2007 Davis Cup Singles QF [citation needed]
France Jo-Wilfried Tsonga 237.0 km/h (147.3 mph) 2014 Rogers Cup Singles QF [46]
United States Frances Tiafoe 237.0 km/h (147.3 mph) 2018 Estoril Open Singles F [citation needed]
United States Reilly Opelka 237.0 km/h (147.3 mph) 2022 Sydney Singles SF [47] 228.5 km/h (142.0 mph)-236.6 km/h (147.0 mph) 204.4 km/h (127.0 mph)
Spain Bernabé Zapata Miralles 237.0 km/h (147.3 mph) 2022 Monte-Carlo Singles Q [48]
27 United States Taylor Fritz 236.6 km/h (147.0 mph) 2020 US Open Singles 3R [49] 218.9 km/h (136.0 mph) 186.7 km/h (116.0 mph)
Germany Alexander Zverev 236.6 km/h (147.0 mph) 2021 Indian Wells Singles 2R [50]
29 Chile Fernando González 236.0 km/h (146.6 mph) 2007 Italian Open Singles SF [51]
30 France Gaël Monfils [note 4] 235.0 km/h (146.0 mph) 2007 Legg Mason Tennis Classic Singles QF [31]
Serbia Dušan Vemić 235.0 km/h (146.0 mph) 2008 Countrywide Classic Singles ? [31]
Croatia Marin Čilić 235.0 km/h (146.0 mph) 2016 Davis Cup Singles 1R [citation needed]
Italy Matteo Berrettini 235.0 km/h (146.0 mph) 2021 Mutua Madrid Open Singles F [52] 228.5 km/h (142.0 mph) 204.4 km/h (127.0 mph)
34 Croatia Ivan Ljubičić 234.0 km/h (145.4 mph) 2005 Mutua Madrileña Masters Madrid Singles F [53]
Lithuania Ričardas Berankis 234.0 km/h (145.4 mph) 2011 Open d'Orléans Singles 1R [54]
Switzerland Stan Wawrinka 234.0 km/h (145.4 mph) 2016 Davis Cup Doubles SF [55]
37 United Kingdom Andy Murray 233.4 km/h (145.0 mph) 2007 SAP Open Singles 1R [56]
Bulgaria Grigor Dimitrov 233.4 km/h (145.0 mph) 2013 Aegon Championships Singles ? [citation needed]
Serbia Viktor Troicki 233.4 km/h (145.0 mph) 2017 Davis Cup Singles ? [citation needed]
40 Chile Nicolás Jarry 233.0 km/h (144.8 mph) 2018 Davis Cup ? 1R [57]
41 Spain Fernando Verdasco 232.0 km/h (144.2 mph) 2009 French Open ? ? [31]
Austria Dominic Thiem 232.0 km/h (144.2 mph) 2017 Gerry Weber Open ? ? [citation needed]
44 United States Mardy Fish 231.7 km/h (144.0 mph) 2007 Pacific Life Open Singles 1R [31]
Poland Marcin Matkowski 231.7 km/h (144.0 mph) 2009 ATP World Tour Finals Doubles ? [citation needed]
46 Sweden Robin Söderling 230.1 km/h (143.0 mph) 2010 ATP World Tour Finals Singles RR [58]
Germany Daniel Brands 230.1 km/h (143.0 mph) 2011 Intersport Heilbronn Open ? ? [citation needed]
Czech Republic Jiří Veselý 230.1 km/h (143.0 mph) 2014 Wimbledon Singles 2R [59]
Georgia (country) Nikoloz Basilashvili 230.1 km/h (143.0 mph) 2017 Wimbledon Singles 2R [60]
Australia Nick Kyrgios 230.1 km/h (143.0 mph) 2019 Wimbledon Singles 2R [61] 223.7 km/h (139.0 mph) 194.7 km/h (121.0 mph)
Kazakhstan Alexander Bublik 230.1 km/h (143.0 mph) 2022 Indian Wells Singles 2R [62] 215.7 km/h (134.0 mph) 202.8 km/h (126.0 mph)
52 Netherlands Martin Verkerk 230.0 km/h (142.9 mph) 2003 Breil Milano Indoor ? ? [citation needed]
Switzerland Roger Federer 230.0 km/h (142.9 mph) 2010 Gerry Weber Open Singles F [63]
Russia Pavel Kotov 230.0 km/h (142.9 mph) 2024 Italian Open Singles 2R [64]
  1. ^ He has a recorded serve speed of 4,718 km/h (2,932 mph) according the ATP tour match statistics against Rafael Nadal in the 2022 Italian Open, but this record is assumed to be a recording error.[26]
  2. ^ His fastest verified serve clocked in at 149.3 mph (240 km/h) in the 2013 Davis Cup and he produced a 150.4 mph (242 km/h) serve during his run in the 2012 Paris Masters, but it was a let.[29]
  3. ^ He has a recorded serve speed of 153 mph according to the speed gun and displayed during the match against Lloyd Harris in the 2024 Wimbledon Championships, but this record was found to be a recording error per IBM and corrected to 132 mph.[41]
  4. ^ He had a recorded speed of 242.0 km/h (150 mph) at 2018 Wimbledon, but officials revoked the reading due to errors with the radar gun.[8]

Women

[edit]

The WTA doesn't keep official serve speed rankings of its own for all its events for a variety of reasons—mainly that serve speed isn't captured on every court at every tournament, and sometimes the technology being used isn't consistent from event to event. The Women's Tennis Association does have an external partner that it officially recognizes which measures and maintains serve speed data at selected number of events. It does not recognize at all, nor keep tabs of speed records set outside the main draw phase of WTA Tour tournaments. Therefore, serve speeds recorded from the qualifying phase of WTA tournaments are not added to the official WTA serve speed statistics. Also WTA tournament serve speeds recorded by different measurement systems or brands (at the discretion of the host or organizer) that are not using technology provided by ATP/WTA's official supplier or partner (currently SMT/IDS), or speeds recorded at any of the non-WTA professional women's tournaments such as the ITF Women's Circuit, the Fed Cup, and Olympics tennis are not added to WTA's official list of records.

  Not recognized by WTA
Rank Player Speed[65] Event[note 1] Ref.
1 Spain Georgina García Pérez 220 km/h (136.7 mph) 2018 Hungarian Ladies Open [66]
2 Belarus Aryna Sabalenka 214 km/h (133.0 mph) 2018 WTA Elite Trophy [67]
3 Germany Sabine Lisicki 210.8 km/h (131.0 mph) 2014 Stanford
4 United States Venus Williams 207.6 km/h (129.0 mph) 2007 US Open [68]
United States Alycia Parks 207.6 km/h (129.0 mph) 2021 US Open [69]
6 United States Serena Williams 207 km/h (128.6 mph) 2013 Australian Open [70]
7 United States Coco Gauff 206 km/h (128.0 mph) 2022 US Open [71]
8 Japan Naomi Osaka 205 km/h (127.4 mph) 2024 Abu Dhabi Open
9 Kazakhstan Elena Rybakina 204 km/h (126.8 mph) 2024 Abu Dhabi Open
10 France Caroline Garcia 203 km/h (126.1 mph) 2016 Fed Cup [citation needed]
Russia Liudmila Samsonova 203 km/h (126.1 mph) 2024 French Open
12 Netherlands Brenda Schultz-McCarthy 202.7 km/h (126.0 mph) 2007 Indian Wells Masters [72]
13 France Kristina Mladenovic 200 km/h (124.3 mph) 2009 French Open [citation needed]
  1. ^ "IDS (Information and Display Systems) only collects serve speed data on show courts at certain events (11 in 2014) and started doing so in 1989 ... Players who have had multiple Top 10 fastest serves only have their top one listed, and if they hit that top speed multiple times, just the first time they did it is listed." http://www.wtatennis.com/news/article/1978722/title/ids-serve-speed-leaders Archived 2016-01-01 at the Wayback Machine

See also

[edit]

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