Fastest trains in China

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The Shanghai Maglev train, at top speed of 431 km/h (268 mph), is the fastest train in China. The maglev train has remained confined its original 30 km (19 mi) track as state planners chosen high-speed trains that run on conventional track for the national HSR network.

The "fastest" train commercial service can be defined alternatively by a train's top speed or average trip speed.

  • The fastest train service measured by peak operational speed is the Shanghai Maglev Train which can reach 431 km/h (268 mph). Due to the limited length of the Shanghai Maglev track (30 km)(18.6 mi), the maglev train's average trip speed is only 245.5 km/h (152.5 mph). The Shanghai Maglev also holds the record for the top speed in tests of 501 km/h (311 mph).
  • The fastest train service measured by average trip speed is on the Wuhan-Guangzhou High-Speed Railway, where the CRH3/CRH2 coupled-train sets average 312.5 km/h (194.2 mph) on the 922 km (573 mi) route from Wuhan to Guangzhou North. It is the fastest commercial train service in the world.
  • The top speed attained by a non-maglev train in China is 487.3 km/h (302.8 mph) by a CRH380BL train on the Beijing–Shanghai High-Speed Railway during a testing run on January 10, 2011.[1]

Speed records of China’s rolling stock (non-maglev)[edit]

Date Train Type Track Speed Notes / Refs
1997-01-05 SS8 Electric locomotive Beijing Circular Railway 212.6 km/h (132.1 mph) [Note 1][2]
1998-06-24 SS8 Electric locomotive Jingguang Line 240 km/h (150 mph) [Note 2][3]
1998-07-29 X 2000 "New Speed" EMU Guangshen Line 200 km/h (120 mph) [4]
1999-09 DDJ1 "White Shark" EMU Guangshen Line 223 km/h (139 mph)
1999-10-01 NZJ1 "New Aurora" DMU Huning line 194 km/h (121 mph) [5]
2000-11 DJJ1 "Blue Arrow" EMU Guangshen Line 235 km/h (146 mph) [6]
2001-11-11 DJF2 "Pioneer" EMU Guangshen Line 249.6 km/h (155.1 mph) [7]
2002-09-10 DJF2 "Pioneer" EMU Qinshen PDL 292.8 km/h (181.9 mph) [8]
2002-11-27 DJJ2 "China Star" EMU Qinshen PDL 321.5 km/h (199.8 mph) [9]
2002-12-09 NZJ2 "Shenzhou" DMU Qinshen PDL 210.7 km/h (130.9 mph)
2008-04-24 CRH2C EMU Jingjin ICL 370 km/h (230 mph) [Note 3][10]
2008-06-24 CRH3C EMU Jingjin ICL 394.3 km/h (245.0 mph) [Note 4][11]
2009-12-09 CRH3C EMU Wuguang PDL 394.2 km/h (244.9 mph) [Note 5][12]
2010-09-28 CRH380A EMU Huhang PDL 416.6 km/h (258.9 mph) [Note 6][13]
2010-12-03 CRH380AL EMU Jinghu HSR 486.1 km/h (302.0 mph) [Note 7][14]
2011-01-09 CRH380BL EMU Jinghu HSR 487.3 km/h (302.8 mph) [Note 8][15]

Notes

  1. ^ SS8 locomotive with two passenger carriages
  2. ^ SS8 locomotive with five passenger carriages. It remains the recordholder for Chinese electric locomotives.
  3. ^ CRH2-061C
  4. ^ CRH3-001C
  5. ^ The pair of CRH3 EMUs (CRH3-013C+CRH3-017C) also set a world record for double-link EMUs.
  6. ^ The CRH380A-6001 also holds the record for shorter length Chinese EMUs.
  7. ^ The CRH380A-6041L also holds the record for extended length Chinese EMUs.
  8. ^ The CRH380B-6402L Formation modified from 8M8T to 8M4T for the test.

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://stock.sohu.com/20110110/n278782856.shtml
  2. ^ "我国试验列车创212.6km/h最高试验速度纪录". www.cnki.com.cn (in Chinese).
  3. ^ 时速240公里:中国铁路第一速. www.people.com.cn (in Chinese).
  4. ^ "广深铁路X2000型摆式列车". www.tworker.cn (in Chinese).
  5. ^ 中国高铁"和谐号"前传. news.163.com (in Chinese).
  6. ^ 蓝箭"开始在广深准高速铁路上试运行. www.cnki.com.cn (in Chinese).
  7. ^ 为高速列车提供安全保障. www.people.com.cn (in Chinese).
  8. ^ "先锋号"电力动车组详细资料及技术参数. news.chineserailways.com (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 2011-07-08.
  9. ^ ""中华之星"创造中国铁路最高时速321.5km". www.cnki.com.cn (in Chinese).
  10. ^ 京津城际列车跑出370公里时速 创国产动车组纪录. www.cnki.com.cn (in Chinese).
  11. ^ "中国北车研制的CRH3型动车组京津城际试运行创394.3km/h中国第一速". www.cnki.com.cn (in Chinese).
  12. ^ 铁道部部长在高速列车上的"记者招待会". www.china-mor.gov.cn (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 2009-12-15.
  13. ^ 沪杭高铁试运行时速达416.6公里 破运营时速纪录. news.railcn.net (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 2011-07-24.
  14. ^ 时速486.1公里!中国再度演绎"高铁奇迹". news.cntv.cn (in Chinese).
  15. ^ 中国北车刷新高铁运营试验世界纪录速度(图). stock.sohu.com (in Chinese).