Fateh-110

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Fateh 110
Fateh-110 Missile by YPA.IR 02.jpg
Fateh-110s in Iran's in "Great Prophet-7" military exercise, 2012
Type Tactical SRBM
Service history
In service 2002–present
Used by Iran
Syria
Hezbollah
Wars Syrian Civil War
Production history
Manufacturer Iran
Unit cost Unknown
Specifications
Weight 3,500 kg
Length 8.90 m
Diameter 0.60 m
Warhead One
Blast yield Not applicable

Engine Solid fuel rocket (single stage)
Operational
range
300 km
Speed Mach 3.5
Guidance
system
Inertial, global navigation satellite system[1] & electro-optical terminal
Accuracy varies by variant; see body

The Fateh-110 (Persian: فاتح-۱۱۰‎, "conqueror") is an Iranian road-mobile single-stage solid-fueled surface-to-surface missile produced by Iran's Aerospace Industries Organization. The first generation of the Fateh-110 was flight tested in September 2002 and began mass production shortly thereafter. The initial range of the missile was 200 km and in September 2004 the second generation of the Fateh-110 increased the range to 250 km. The third generation of the missile, unveiled in 2010, increased the range to 300 km, and the fourth generation (2012) improved the accuracy.[2]

The Fateh-110 was developed from Iran's Zelzal-2 unguided artillery rocket essentially through adding a guidance system. Later versions of the missile modify other aspects of the missile and improve range and payload. The Fateh-110 is also license-built in Syria as the M-600. The missile has been used in the Syrian Civil War by Iran and Syria. In addition to its confirmed use by these two countries, it is widely reported that the Fateh-110 has been exported to Hezbollah of Lebanon.

History[edit]

After the Iran-Iraq war, Iran found out that it needed an accurate short-range missile, as its Zelzal and Naze'at rockets were unguided rockets and thus very inaccurate. Thus, 200 Chinese CSS-8 short-range missiles were bought in 1989.[3] But those missiles did not satisfy Iranians because of their short range, relatively light warhead and bulky structure. So a project was assigned to Shahid Bagheri Industries to design and produce a guided short-range missile.

Development began in 1995 and Zelzal 2 was chosen for the basis of the missile. Reportedly Syria also joined the program and produced its version called M-600.[4] In 2006 the US Department of the Treasury accused Great Wall Industry, a Chinese Corporation and its partners for playing a lead role in the development of the Fateh missile system, as Iran had no previous experience with solid fuelled ballistic missiles.[5][6] The first tests, which occurred in 2002, were successful, and the missile was put into production.

Variants[edit]

In 2004, the second generation Fateh-110 was unveiled, with the range improved to 250 km. This version appears to be offered for export.[7]

It seems, as of 2008, that the Syrian M-600 is based on the second generation Fateh-110.[8] In 2010 the Israeli press claimed that Syria has given hundreds of M-600 missiles to Hezbollah.[9]

Fateh-110 in flight, 2012

In 2010, the third generation Fateh-110 was tested by Iran. Iranian defense minister Ahmad Vahidi stated that accuracy, range, reaction time and storage capability in different parts of the country are increased. After that Iranian TV provided footage of the test and the impact.[10] Some time later, it was delivered to IRGC.[11] The range of the missile was stated as 300 km.[12]

In 2011, Iran unveiled the Khalij Fars anti-ship ballistic missile. It is clearly based on the Fateh-110 and shares the range of 300 km with the third version.

In 2017 Iran showed a test-fire of the Hormoz-2 missile, saying it destroyed a 6 m target from 250 km away. Iranian news described the Hormoz-2 as an anti-ship ballistic missile and an anti-radiation missile.[13][14][15][16][17]

On August 2012 Iran successfully test-fired the fourth generation Fateh-110.

Zolfaghar in 2016

The Zolfaghar is an Iranian tactical ballistic missile believed to be based in the Fateh-110 family and the only ballistic missile of any sort openly used by Iran in a foreign conflict.[18] Unlike the other members of the Fateh-110 family, which are often described as quasi-ballistic missiles, the Zolfaghar flies a true ballistic trajectory. The missile's claimed range of 700km is considered largely true based on the 2017 Deir ez-Zor missile strike; this apparently results from replacing the metal body of the Fateh-110 with composite, saving substantial weight. However, doubts have been raised about its reliability and accuracy, and Jane's assesses that the Zolfaghar's performance is poor.[18]

As of 2017, Iran is assessed as having less than 100 launchers for all Fateh-110 variants.[19]

Syria[edit]

On 3 and 5 May 2013, Israel said it had hit a shipment of Fateh-110 in Syria that were "destined for Hezbollah". Israel said it would not tolerate "game changing weapons" falling into the hands of Hezbollah.[20][21] On 18 May Israeli media claimed that the Syrian army had aimed a battery of Tishreen missiles, Syria's version of Iran’s Fateh-110, at Tel Aviv according to reconnaissance satellites. These missiles are believed to see possible use as a deterrent against further Israeli airstrikes on Syrian targets.[22]

According to two unnamed U.S. military officials, the Syrian Government fired at least two Fateh A-110 missiles in late December 2012. The firing of these missiles appeared to be an effort to more precisely target Syrian rebels.[23]

In late November 2014, Iranian and Lebanese sources confirmed that Hezbollah had received Iranian Fateh-110 guided ballistic missiles and inducted them into their missile arsenal. With a 250–350 km (160–220 mi) range, Fateh-110 missiles fired from Lebanon could hit targets anywhere in Israel up to the northern Negev. Israel has regarded deliveries of such missiles as justification for preemptive response, as the previous year it attacked missile shipments, transport convoys, and storage sites in Syria and Lebanon to prevent these and other missile types from being acquired by Hezbollah.[24]

Design[edit]

The missile body is very similar to that of the Zelzal 2. It has the same diameter of 610 mm and a length of 8.86 m.

The Fateh-110 has three sets of fins. Four at the end of it near the exhaust, four other triangular shaped fins just above them and four small ones in front of missile near the nosecone. Of the three sets of fins on the missile, only the front ones are movable.

Transport[edit]

The Fateh-110 uses three different Transporter-erector-launchers (TELs). The first one has a similar mechanism with SA-2 and is based on a Mercedes-Benz 6x6 truck. The second TEL is also used by newer versions of Zelzal rockets and again uses the Mercedes-Benz platform. The third one is a indigenous TEL called Zolfaghar that is able to carry two missiles instead of one.

Variants[edit]

Variant Range Warhead Weight Speed Notes
Fateh-110 200 km 650 kg Mach 3.5 First variant. Also known as Fateh A-110 and Fateh-110A
Fateh-110 Second Generation 250 km 450 kg Mach 3.7 Announced in 2004
Fateh-110 Third Generation 300 km 650 kg Mach 3 Announced in 2010. Reports say that accuracy is also increased.[25]
Fateh-110-D1 (Fourth Generation) 300 km 650 kg Mach 3 Addition of a new guidance system with "100% precision". Shown in 2012.[26]
Khalij Fars 300 km 650 kg Mach 3 Anti-ship ballistic missile based on Fateh-110. Unveiled in 2011.[27]
Hormoz 1 300 km 450-600 Mach 4-5 Anti-ship / anti-radar (ARM) ballistic missile.[17][16][15][14][13]
Hormoz 2 300 km 450-600 Mach 4-5 Anti-ship / anti-radar (ARM) ballistic missile in May- 2014.[17][16][15][14][13]
M-600 or Tishreen 250 km 450 kg Mach 3.7 Syrian variant
Fateh-313 500 km - - Successor to Fateh-110 versions.[28]
Zolfaghar 750 km - - newest version with submunitions warhead unveiled in 2016.[29][30]

Operators[edit]

Map with Fateh-110 operators in blue

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.janes.com/article/71519/iran-says-it-hit-targets-in-syria-with-zolfaghar-ballistic-missiles
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 13 September 2012. Retrieved 21 August 2012. 
  3. ^ "Tondar 69 (CSS-8) (Iran)". IHS Jane's. Retrieved 2012-08-09. 
  4. ^ "Fateh A-110". MissileThreat.csis.org. Retrieved 2012-08-09. 
  5. ^ https://csis-prod.s3.amazonaws.com/s3fs-public/legacy_files/files/publication/141007_Iran_Rocket_Missile_forces.pdf
  6. ^ https://www.americansecurityproject.org/ASP%20Reports/Ref%200134%20-%20Iranian%20Ballistic%20Missiles.pdf
  7. ^ "MXF05-000350 Fateh-110 Surface to Surface Missile". Modlex. Retrieved 2012-08-09. 
  8. ^ "Fateh A-110". CSIS Missile Threat. Retrieved 13 November 2014. 
  9. ^ Yaakov Katz, Rebecca Anna Stoil (2010-05-06). "Hizbullah received hundreds of Syrian missiles". The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 2012-08-09. 
  10. ^ http://www.tabnak.ir/fa/pages/?cid=116337
  11. ^ http://www.mehrnews.com/fa/NewsDetail.aspx?NewsID=1155522
  12. ^ "سردار حاجي‌زاده اعلام كرد: برد نسل سوم موشك فاتح 110 به 300 كيلومتر رسيده است". Retrieved 13 November 2014. 
  13. ^ a b c "PressTV-Iran successfully test-fires Hormuz-2 ballistic missile". Retrieved 2017-09-26. 
  14. ^ a b c "Irans-Hormoz-missile". Zola Levitt Ministries. 2017-07-28. Retrieved 2017-09-26. 
  15. ^ a b c Tomlinson, Lucas (2017-03-06). "Iran launched 2 ballistic missiles, US officials say". Fox News. Retrieved 2017-09-26. 
  16. ^ a b c "Fateh 110 missiles in Iran, Syria and Lebanon | Defense Update:". defense-update.com. Retrieved 2017-09-26. 
  17. ^ a b c "Iran's Hormoz-2, worlds first anti-radiation ballistic missile". Pakistan Defence. Retrieved 2017-09-26. 
  18. ^ a b "Proving grounds: Assessing Iranian weapon performance in Syria and Yemen" (PDF). Jane’s Defence Weekly (IHS Markit). 2018. 
  19. ^ National Air and Space Intelligence Center (NASIC) in collaboration with the Defense Intelligence Ballistic Missile Analysis Committee (DIBMAC) (2017). "P2017 Ballistic and Cruise Missile Threat Report" (PDF). Defense Intelligence Ballistic Missile Analysis Committee. 
  20. ^ "Israel confirms airstrike inside Syria". Retrieved 13 November 2014. 
  21. ^ "Syria warns Israel after 'latest air raids'". Retrieved 13 November 2014. 
  22. ^ http://www.haaretz.com/news/diplomacy-defense/report-assad-preparing-missile-strike-against-tel-aviv-in-case-attacked-again-1.524664 Report: Assad preparing missile strike against Tel Aviv in case attacked again May.19, 2013
  23. ^ Barbara Starr (2012-12-28). "U.S. officials: Syria using more accurate, Iranian-made missiles". CNN. Retrieved 2013-02-08. 
  24. ^ Iran: We supplied ballistic guided rockets to Hezbollah - Defense-Update.com, 24 November 2014
  25. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 7 October 2011. Retrieved 15 April 2011. 
  26. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 13 August 2012. Retrieved 4 August 2012. 
  27. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 29 April 2011. Retrieved 15 April 2011. 
  28. ^ Iran Doubles ‘Fateh’ Guided Missile’s Range to 500km - Defense-Update.com, 22 August 2015
  29. ^ http://www.farsnews.com/newstext.php?nn=13950631000684 - Iranian parade 2016
  30. ^ http://www.janes.com/article/64149/iran-claims-zolfaghar-missile-has-700-km-range

External links[edit]