Bulgarian Fatherland Front

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Fatherland Front (Bulgaria))
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Fatherland Front

Отечествен фронт
FoundedJuly 17, 1942 (1942-07-17)
Dissolved1989
Succeeded byОтечествен съюз (Fatherland Union)
IdeologyCommunism
Marxism-Leninism
Stalinism
Political positionFar-left
Party flag
Flag of the Bulgarian Homeland Front.svg

The Fatherland Front (Bulgarian: Отечествен фронт, ОФ; Otečestven Front, OF) was originally a Bulgarian political resistance movement during World War II. The Zveno movement, the communist Bulgarian Workers Party, a wing of the Bulgarian Agrarian National Union and the Bulgarian Social Democratic Workers Party, were all part of the OF. The constituent groups of the OF had widely contrasting ideologies and had only united in face of the pro-German, militarist dictatorship in Bulgaria. Still, initially the members of the OF worked together, without a single dominating group. Professional associations and unions could be members of the front, whilst still maintaining their organisational independence. However, the Bulgarian Communist Party began to dominate soon. In 1944, after the Soviet Union had declared war on Bulgaria, the OF committed a coup d'état and they declared war on Germany and the other Axis nations. The OF government, headed by Kimon Georgiev (Zveno), immediately signed a ceasefire treaty with the Soviet Union.

On November 18, 1945, it won a large majority after being the only party or alliance listed on the ballot.[1] In 1946 Georgiev resigned and his successor was Georgi Dimitrov, leader of the communists, and Bulgaria became a People's Republic. It eventually transformed into a wide-ranging popular front under overall Communist control, and all member parties except the Bulgarian Agrarian People's Union dissolved. With the end of Communism in 1989 it was dissolved.

Chairmen of the National Council[edit]

Electoral history[edit]

Grand National Assembly elections[edit]

Election Votes % Seats +/–
1949 4,588,996 100%
241 / 241
Increase 241
1953 4,981,594 99.8%
249 / 249
Increase 8
1957 5,204,027 100%
247 / 247
Decrease 2
1962 5,461,224 100%
321 / 321
Increase 74
1966 5,744,072 100%
414 / 414
Increase 93
1971 6,154,082 100%
400 / 400
Decrease 14
1976 6,369,762 100%
400 / 400
Steady
1981 6,519,674 100%
400 / 400
Steady
1986 6,639,562 100%
400 / 400
Steady
1990 only Constituencies
2 / 400
Decrease 398

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jessup, John E. (1989). A Chronology of Conflict and Resolution, 1945-1985. New York: Greenwood Press. ISBN 0-313-24308-5.