German Fatherland Party
Alfred von Tirpitz
|Founded||2 September 1917|
|Dissolved||10 December 1918|
|Succeeded by||None (de jure)|
DNVP and DAP (de facto)
|Headquarters||Berlin, German Empire|
|Policy institute||Pan-German League|
|Supported by||Oberste Heeresleitung|
|Colors||Black, white, and red (German Imperial colours)|
Political positions and influence
The party represented conservative, nationalist, antisemitic and völkisch political circles, united in their opposition against the Reichstag Peace Resolution of July 1917. It played a vital role in the emergence of the stab-in-the-back myth and the defamation of certain politicians as the November Criminals.
Foundation, leadership and funding
The party's leaders were Wolfgang Kapp (of the Kapp Putsch fame) and Admiral Alfred von Tirpitz (a naval minister and post-war party leader). Walter Nicolai, head of the military secret service, was also supportive. Media baron Alfred Hugenberg was also a prominent member.
The party's political influence peaked in summer 1918 when it had around 1,250,000 members. Its main source of funding was the Third Supreme Command. The party was officially dissolved in the German Revolution on 10 December 1918. Most of its members later joined the German National People's Party (DNVP), the major right-wing party of the Weimar Republic.
One member, Anton Drexler, went on to form a similar organization, the German Workers' Party, which later became the National Socialist German Workers' Party (Nazi Party) that came to national power in January 1933 under Adolf Hitler.
- Höhne and Zolling, p 290.
- Höhne, Heinz, and Zolling, Hermann (1972). The General Was a Spy. Coward, McCann & Geoghegan, Inc, New York.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link) Published in Germany as Pullach Intern (1971). Hoffman and Campe Verlag: Hamburg.
- Historisches Lexikon Bayerns: Deutsche Vaterlandspartei, 1917/18 (Sarah Hadry).
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