Fatima Hamroush

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Fatima Hamroush
فاطمة الحمروش
Dr. Fatima Hamroush.jpg
Health Minister
Assumed office
22 November 2011
Prime Minister Abdurrahim El-Keib
Personal details
Born (1959-02-14) 14 February 1959 (age 59)
Benghazi, Libya
Nationality Libyan, Irish
Political party Independent
Profession Ophthalmologist

Fatima Hamroush (Arabic: فاطمة الحمروش) (born 14 February 1959) is an ophthalmologist and Libyan politician.

Personal life[edit]

Was Born in Benghazi on 14 February 1959, Hamroush moved to Ireland in 1996 and later became an Irish citizen through naturalisation and thereby became a dual Irish-Libyan citizen.[1] She lived in Julianstown, County Meath, Ireland. She has four children.[2]

Medical career[edit]

In February 1983, Hamroush graduated with a medical degree (MB BS) from Garyounis University and in December 1999 became a Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh.[3] Hamroush is a member of the Irish College of Ophthalmologists, specialising in glaucoma, medical retina, and neuro-ophthalmology.[4] From 2000, until the 2011 Libyan civil war, Hamroush held the position of consultant ophthalmologist at Our Lady of Lourdes Hospital, Drogheda, Ireland.

From November 2011 to November 2012, Dr Hamroush held the position of the Minister of Health in the Libyan Transitional Government. During her term, Hamroush showed a remarkable intolerance to corruption [5] [6] and, despite the difficult circumstances, was successful in developing the foundations for Libya's national medical services. She returned to Ireland in November, after handing over to the new Minister of Health, Dr Noureddine Doghman.

In January 2013, she resumed her public consultant ophthalmologist post in OLLH and her private practice in Drogheda.[7]

Political career[edit]

On 22 November 2011, Hamroush was announced as Libya's first female Health Minister by Prime Minister of Libya Abdurrahim El-Keib.[8] Hamroush is also director of Irish Libyan Emergency Aid.[9] Dr Hamroush is the daughter of Abdullah Hamroush, former colonel and court-martial judge during the kingdom, before the coup in 1969. Her father was jailed on the night of the coup in an act of revenge for imprisoning Gaddafi in 1967 after being charged with torturing a soldier during a training session. Her father was kept in jail for four years before a court hearing declared him innocent.

Dr Hamroush opposed the Gaddafi regime and became a well-known and active member of the Libyan opposition from 2008, where she collaborated with many members of the Libyan opposition abroad and inside Libya. However, for security reasons, she used the synonym "Alleebeya" الليبية when she published many articles in opposition websites [10], shared in raising public, local and international awareness of the dictatorial regime and became the co-editor of the opposition website "Libya Almostaqbal" from 2009 to January 2011. She also assisted in funding demonstrations worldwide in support of the Libyan people's struggle against the Gaddafi regime.

Her identity was revealed at the onset of 17 February 2011 revolution, when she raised the Libyan tricolour flag in front of the GPO in Dublin's city centre. She was witnessed as the first person to raise the flag in the Republic of Ireland.

On 26 February 2011, she and her son, Abdullah Elneihum, founded the Irish Libyan Emergency Aid (ILEA), a humanitarian aid organisation to provide medical supplies to Libya during the revolution, which assisted in providing medical equipment and consumables during the revolution to almost all areas in Libya[11]. In September 2011, upon the request of the executive office of the National Transitional Council, Dr Hamroush formed the Libyan Health Office Of Ireland to assist in the treatment of the war wounded and difficult medical cases whose treatment was unavailable in Libya. She was also quoted that the office was formed to assist in recruiting medical specialists to Libya and improve medical training with the aim of nationalising treatment.[12]

In November 2011, Dr Hamroush was named as the Minister of Health for Libya in the Transitional Government, made up of 24 ministers, two of whom were women, a Prime Minister and three deputies. [13] [14] Dr Hamroush held office from 2 December 2011 until early November 2012.

From March 2012 to August, Dr Hamroush became involved in a controversy when blocking major corruption within the war wounded treatment program, which was directed by a separate department outside of the Ministry of Health. By August 2012, she blocked the War Wounded Committee from continuing its unorthodox practise and merged the treatment of the war wounded into the health department and issued decrees for criminal and forensic accounting procedures.[15]

During her short term, Dr Hamroush put in motion many projects in her Ministry that were stalled during the war.[16] At the end of her term, she presented an account of her term to the General National Council and the Temporary Government, as well as the General Prosecutor, highlighting the need to control security and corruption along with raising the standards of work ethics and administrative skills among the Libyan population in order to achieve reform.

At the end of 2013, after her return to Ireland, Hamroush began to develop a programme for dialogue and reconciliation by organising conferences and networking for Libyan officials and former officials of the previous regime, an incentive named The National Libyan Dialogue for Reconciliation. [17] [18] [19] [20]

The programme for Dialogue achieved a degree of success in encouraging the diaspora, namely groups affiliated with and formerly of the previous regime, to voice their concerns and to come forward to develop the State. The power struggle that soon followed in mid-2014, mainly the civil war that erupted between the East and West of Libya, has discouraged Hamroush from any direct political involvement, limiting herself to only voicing her impartial opinion in interviews. [21]

She now resides in Ireland, returning to her post as Consultant Medical Ophthalmologist.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The "Symbolic Step" of Women's Political Participation in A New Libya". Patheos. 28 November 2011. Retrieved 4 September 2012.
  2. ^ Hunt, Joanne (29 November 2011). "Meet Libya's new minister for health . . . a doctor from Drogheda". The Irish Times.
  3. ^ http://www.medicalcouncil.ie/Registration/Search-for-a-doctor/Search-Results/?regno=020872&doctorid=30018136
  4. ^ "Dr Fatima Hamroush". Irish College of Ophthalmologists. Archived from the original on 26 April 2012. Retrieved 4 September 2012.
  5. ^ Hamroush, F. "The Black Box of The Ministry Of Health - Part 01". Libya Almostaqbal. Libya Almostaqbal. Retrieved 26 January 2018.
  6. ^ Hamroush, Fatima. "Report of the Ministry of Health on the issue of the Wounded". Libya Almostaqbal. Libya Almostaqbal. Retrieved 26 January 2018.
  7. ^ "A life less ordinary". Irish Medical Times. 3 January 2013. Archived from the original on 19 May 2013. Retrieved 13 October 2013.
  8. ^ "Declaration of the new transitional government in Libya" (in Arabic). FANA. Archived from the original on 2012-12-04.
  9. ^ Keogh, Elaine (24 November 2011). "Farewell Meath... Dr Fatima is new Libyan minister". Irish Independent News. Retrieved 24 November 2011.
  10. ^ Hamroush, Fatima. "Archive of Dr Fatima Hamroush's articles". Libya Almostaqbal. Libya Almostaqbal. Retrieved 26 January 2018.
  11. ^ Griffin, Niamh (23 August 2011). "'You go from computer engineer to fighter'". Irish Times (23 August 2011). Irish Times. Irish Times. Retrieved 26 January 2018.
  12. ^ Flynn, Pat (5 December 2011). "Libya war hurt arrive for aid". Irish Examiner (5 December 2011). Irish Examiner. Irish Examiner. Retrieved 26 January 2018.
  13. ^ Keogh, Elaine (24 November 2011). "Farewell Meath, Dr Fatima is new Libyan Minister". Irish Independent (24 November 2011). Irish Independent. Irish Independent. Retrieved 26 January 2018.
  14. ^ Hunt, Joanne (29 November 2011). "Meet Libya's new minister for health . . . a doctor from Drogheda". Irish Times (29 November 2011). Irish Times. Retrieved 26 January 2018.
  15. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-02-22. Retrieved 2014-02-24.
  16. ^ Hamroush, Fatima. "Report of the Ministry of Health of the Transitional Government: December 2011 - November 2012". Libya Almostaqbal. Libya Almostaqbal. Retrieved 26 January 2018.
  17. ^ VALIENTE, ALEXANDRA (18 June 2014). "Speech of Dr. Fatima Al-Hamroush, Chairperson of the Preparatory Committee for the Libyan National Dialogue Initiative in the British House of Commons, and her talk about the tragedy of the Libyan emigrants and the international community's disregard for their suffering". Jamahiriya News Agency (18 June 2014). Jamahiriya News Agency. Jamahiriya News Agency. Retrieved 26 January 2018.
  18. ^ Almostaqbal, Libya. "Hamroush presents her vision for the project of awakening the nation and building the homeland". Libya Almostaqbal. Retrieved 26 January 2018.
  19. ^ Fraihat, Ibrahim (2016). Libya's Displacement Crisis: Uprooted by Revolution and Civil War. Georgetown University Press. p. 79. ISBN 9781626163300. Retrieved 26 January 2018.
  20. ^ ELJARH, MOHAMED (4 July 2014). "Can the United Nations Save the Day in Libya?". Foreign Policy. Foreign Policy. Foreign Policy. Retrieved 26 January 2018.
  21. ^ Ramadan, Mohammed (25 January 2018). "An emergency government must be formed to take over the external security apparatus". ANN News (25 January 2018). ANN News. ANN News. Retrieved 26 January 2018.