Umm ul-Banin

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Fatima bint Hizam)
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Fāṭimah bint Ḥuzam al-Kulābīyya (Arabic: فاطمة بنت حزام الكلابية‎ - died (683/684)[1] or 69 A.H.[2] (688/689)[1]), commonly known as Umm ul-Banin ("mother of several sons"), was from the tribe of Banu Kilab[3]Kalbasi, Khasaes al-Abbasiah, (1387 S.H.), P. 63 a branch of Qais Ailan tribes.

The grave of Umm ul-Banin

She married Ali ibn Abi Talib after the death of his first wife Fatimah, daughter of the Islamic prophet, Muhammad. Umm ul-Banin and Ali had four sons, of whom the eldest was Abbas ibn Ali, the commander of Husain Ibn Ali's forces at the Battle of Karbala. Shimr ibn Dhi 'l-Jawshan, who later killed Husayn ibn Ali at the battle, had offered Abbas Ibn Ali and his brothers immunity before the battle commenced, however, Abbas Ibn Ali and his brothers rejected it since the offer was not including Imam Hussain Ibn Ali.[4] All of Umm ul-Banin's sons were killed later in the battle at Karbala.[5][6]

It is believed that Umm ul-Banin died in 69 A.H. (688/689) or 13 Jumada al-Thani 64 A.H. (6 February 684[1]). She was buried in the Jannatul Baqi, a cemetery in Medina.[7]

She had four sons:[8]

1. Abbas ibn Ali

2. Abbdullah ibn Ali

3. Jafar ibn Ali

4. Uthman ibn Ali[9][10]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Calendar Converter
  2. ^ Exemplary Women: Umm ul-Banin
  3. ^ Al-Mozafar, Mowsua’ Batal al-A’lqami,V. 1, P. 100
  4. ^ Shaykh Al-Mufid. Kitab Al-Irshad.
  5. ^ Al Imam Al Hafiz, Abdul Ghani Al Maqdisi. Short Biography of the Prophet & His Ten Companions. Darussalam. ISBN 9960-899-12-8.
  6. ^ Ashgar Ali Engineer (1992). The Rights of Women in Islam. C. Hurst & Co. Publishers. ISBN 1-85065-154-X.
  7. ^ Ziarat of Hazrat Ummul Baneen (Wife of Imam Ali & Mother of Hazrat Abbas)
  8. ^ Hazrat Ummol Banin shia-news.com Retrieved 14 Oct 2018
  9. ^ Imam Hussain, Ashura yjc.ir Retrieved 14 Oct 2018
  10. ^ The biography of Umm-al-Banin (s.a.) ummulbanin.com Retrieved 14 Oct 2018