Fatimah bint Amr

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Fatimah bint Amr /ˈfætɪmə/ (Arabic: فاطمة بنت عمر‎; died 576) was the grandmother of the Islamic prophet Muhammad and one of the wives of Abd al-Muttalib ibn Hashim. She was from the Banu Makhzum clan of the Quraysh tribe, unlike her co-wives, who were all from outlying tribes and had relatively little influence in Mecca.[1]

Her full name was Fatimah bint `Amr ibn `A'idh ibn `Imran ibn Makhzum. Her mother was Sakhrah bint Abd ibn `Imran, also from Banu Makhzum; Sakhrah's mother was Takhmur bint `Abd ibn Qusai.[2]

Children of Fatimah bint Amr[edit]

With Abdul-Muttalib, Fatimah was the mother of three sons and five daughters:

  1. ‘Abd Manāf (Abu Talib) - Married to Fatimah bint Asad ibn Hashim and father of Ṭālib, Fakhitah, Jumanah, Aqeel, Rayta, Ja’far and Ali. His second wife was Illa, and their son was Tulayq.[3]
  2. Az-Zubayr - Married to Atika bint Abi Wahb and father of Duba'a, Abd-Allah, Atiqa, Majl, Umm al-Hakam, Safiya and Umm az-Zubayr.[4]
  3. Abd-Allah ibn Abd-al-Muttalib - Married to Āminah bint Wahab and father of Muḥammad.
  4. Barrah bint Abdul Muttalib[5] - Married to Abul Asad ibn Hilāl of Banu Makhzūm[5] and mother of Abdullah,[6] Sufyān and Aswad. Her second husband was Abu Ruhm ibn ‘Abd al- ‘Uzzā from the ‘Āmir ibn Luayy clan of the Quraysh. Their son was Abu Sabra. After Barrah's death, he married Maymuna bint Harith, and had a son, Atiqah. After Abu Ruhm's death, Maymuna married Muhammad.
  5. Arwā[7] - Married at first to ‘Umayr ibn Wahb ibn Kathir, by whom she had a son, Tulayb. Her second husband was Arta ibn Sharahbil ibn Hāshim, by whom she had a daughter, Fāṭimah.[8]
  6. Umaimah or Umamah - Married to Jahsh ibn Riyab of Banu Asad[9] and mother of Abd-Allah, Ubayd-Allah, Abd (Abu Ahmad), Hamna or Hammanah, Zaynab, Habiba (Umm Habib).
  7. ‘Ātikah - Married first to Umar ibn Abdul Uzza ibn Qusayy, by whom she had a son, Zuhayr. Her second husband is Abu Umaiyah ibn al-Mughīrah ibn ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Umar ibn Makhzum ibn Yaqaẓah, mother of 'Abdullah, Zubayr & Qariba. After Atika's death, He married Atika bint Amir ibn Rabia and Atika bint Utba, she became stepmother of Hind, Qurayba, Hisham, Mas'ud, Rayta, Umayya and Muhajir.
  8. Umm Ḥakīm (al-Baiḍā) - Married to Quraiz ibn Rabī‘ah of Banu ‘Abdu Shams and mother of ‘Āmir, Arwa (the mother of the future Caliph ‘Uthmān) Sa'diyya/ Sa'di, Ṭalḥah, Hakim and Barrah (Um Talha)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lings, Martin (1983). Muhammad: His Life Based on the Earliest Sources. George Allen & Unwin. p. 13. 
  2. ^ Maqsood, Ruqaiyyah Waris. "Abdu'l Muttalib's Oath". Retrieved 26 July 2014. 
  3. ^ Ibn Saad/Haq vol. 1 pp. 135-136.
  4. ^ Ibn Saad/Bewley vol. 8 pp. 34-35.
  5. ^ a b ibn Saad, Muhammad (1995). Tabaqat vol. 8: The Women of Madina. Ta-Ha Publishers. p. 33. 
  6. ^ ibn Saad, Muhammad (2013). Tabaqat vol. 3: The Companions of Badr. p. 183. 
  7. ^ Abdulmalik ibn Hisham (1955). The Life of Muhammad. Oxford University Press. p. 707. 
  8. ^ ibn Saad, Muhammad (1995). Tabaqat vol. 8: The Women of Madina. Ta-Ha Publishers. p. 30. 
  9. ^ Muhammad ibn Ishaq (1955). Sirat Rasul Allah(The Life of Muhammad). Oxford University Press. p. 116. 

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