Fatimah bint Amr

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Fatimah bint Amr /ˈfætɪmə/ (Arabic: فاطمة بنت عمر‎; died 576) was the grandmother of the Islamic prophet Muhammad and Ali ibn Abi Talib and one of the wives of Abd al-Muttalib ibn Hashim. She was from the Banu Makhzum clan of the Quraysh tribe, unlike her co-wives, who were all from outlying tribes and had relatively little influence in Mecca.[1]

Her full name was Fatimah bint `Amr ibn `A'idh ibn `Imran ibn Makhzum. Her mother was Sakhrah bint Abd ibn `Imran, also from Banu Makhzum; Sakhrah's mother was Takhmur bint `Abd ibn Qusai.[2]

Children of Fatimah bint Amr[edit]

With Abdul-Muttalib, Fatimah was the mother of three sons and five daughters:

  1. Az-Zubayr - Married to Atika bint Abi Wahb and father of Duba'a, Abd-Allah, Atiqa, Majl, Umm al-Hakam, Safiya and Umm az-Zubayr.[3]
  2. ‘Abd Manāf (Abu Talib) - Married to Fatimah bint Asad ibn Hashim and father of Ṭālib, Fakhitah, Jumanah, Aqeel, Rayta, Ja’far and Ali. His second wife was Illa, and their son was Tulayq.[4]
  3. Barrah bint Abdul Muttalib[5] - Married to Abul Asad ibn Hilāl of Banu Makhzūm[5] and mother of Abdullah,[6] Sufyān and Aswad. Her second husband was Abu Ruhm ibn ‘Abd al- ‘Uzzā from the ‘Āmir ibn Luayy clan of the Quraysh. Their son was Abu Sabra. After Barrah's death, he married Maymuna bint Harith, and had a son, Atiqah. After Abu Ruhm's death, Maymuna married Muhammad.
  4. Abd-Allah ibn Abd-al-Muttalib - Married to Āminah bint Wahab and father of the Islamic prophet Muḥammad.
  5. Umm Ḥakīm (al-Baiḍā) - Married to Quraiz ibn Rabī‘ah of Banu ‘Abdu Shams and mother of ‘Āmir, Arwa (the mother of the future Caliph ‘Uthmān) Sa'diyya/ Sa'di, Ṭalḥah, Hakim and Barrah (Um Talha)
  6. Arwā[7] - Married at first to ‘Umayr ibn Wahb ibn Kathir, by whom she had a son, Tulayb. Her second husband was Arta ibn Sharahbil ibn Hāshim, by whom she had a daughter, Fāṭimah.[8]
  7. ‘Ātikah - Married first to Umar ibn Abdul Uzza ibn Qusayy, by whom she had a son, Zuhayr. Her second husband was Abu Umaiyah ibn al-Mughīrah ibn ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Umar ibn Makhzum ibn Yaqaẓah, by whom she was the mother of 'Abdullah, Zubayr and Qariba. After Atika's death, Abu Umayya married Atika bint Amir ibn Rabia and Atika bint Utba, the mothers of Hind, Qurayba, Hisham, Mas'ud, Rayta, Umayya and Muhajir.
  8. Umaimah or Umamah - Married to Jahsh ibn Riyab of Banu Asad[9] and mother of Abd-Allah, Ubayd-Allah, Abd (Abu Ahmad), Hamna or Hammanah, Zaynab, Habiba (Umm Habib).

Family tree[edit]


Kilab ibn MurrahFatimah bint Sa'd
Zuhrah ibn Kilab
(progenitor of Banu Zuhrah)
maternal great-great-grandfather
Qusai ibn Kilab
paternal great-great-great-grandfather
Hubba bint Hulail
paternal great-great-great-grandmother
`Abd Manaf ibn Zuhrah
maternal great-grandfather
`Abd Manaf ibn Qusai
paternal great-great-grandfather
Atikah bint Murrah
paternal great-great-grandmother
Wahb ibn `Abd Manaf
maternal grandfather
Hashim ibn 'Abd Manaf
(progenitor of Banu Hashim)
paternal great-grandfather
Salma bint `Amr
paternal great-grandmother
Fatimah bint `Amr
paternal grandmother
`Abdul-Muttalib
paternal grandfather
Halah bint Wuhayb
paternal step-grandmother
Aminah
mother
`Abdullah
father
Az-Zubayr
paternal uncle
Harith
paternal half-uncle
Hamza
paternal half-uncle
Thuwaybah
first nurse
Halimah
second nurse
Abu Talib
paternal uncle
`Abbas
paternal half-uncle
Abu Lahab
paternal half-uncle
6 other sons
and 6 daughters
MuhammadKhadija
first wife
`Abd Allah ibn `Abbas
paternal cousin
Fatimah
daughter
Ali
paternal cousin and son-in-law
family tree, descendants
Qasim
son
`Abd-Allah
son
Zainab
daughter
Ruqayyah
daughter
Uthman
second cousin and son-in-law
family tree
Umm Kulthum
daughter
Zayd
adopted son
Ali ibn Zainab
grandson
Umamah bint Zainab
granddaughter
`Abd-Allah ibn Uthman
grandson
Rayhana bint Zayd
wife
Usama ibn Zayd
adoptive grandson
Muhsin ibn Ali
grandson
Hasan ibn Ali
grandson
Husayn ibn Ali
grandson
family tree
Umm Kulthum bint Ali
granddaughter
Zaynab bint Ali
granddaughter
Safiyya
tenth wife
Abu Bakr
father-in-law
family tree
Sawda
third wife
Umar
father-in-law
family tree
Umm Salama
sixth wife
Juwayriya
eighth wife
Maymuna
eleventh wife
Aisha
third wife
Family tree
{{{Zaynab bint Khuzaymah}}}Hafsa
fourth wife
Zaynab
seventh wife
Umm Habiba
ninth wife
Maria al-Qibtiyya
twelfth wife
Ibrahim
son
  • * indicates that the marriage order is disputed
  • Note that direct lineage is marked in bold.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lings, Martin (1983). Muhammad: His Life Based on the Earliest Sources. George Allen & Unwin. p. 13.
  2. ^ Maqsood, Ruqaiyyah Waris. "Abdu'l Muttalib's Oath". Archived from the original on 29 April 2014. Retrieved 26 July 2014.
  3. ^ Ibn Saad/Bewley vol. 8 pp. 34-35.
  4. ^ Ibn Saad/Haq vol. 1 pp. 135-136.
  5. ^ a b ibn Saad, Muhammad (1995). Tabaqat vol. 8: The Women of Madina. Ta-Ha Publishers. p. 33.
  6. ^ ibn Saad, Muhammad (2013). Tabaqat vol. 3: The Companions of Badr. p. 183.
  7. ^ Abdulmalik ibn Hisham (1955). The Life of Muhammad. Oxford University Press. p. 707.
  8. ^ ibn Saad, Muhammad (1995). Tabaqat vol. 8: The Women of Madina. Ta-Ha Publishers. p. 30.
  9. ^ Muhammad ibn Ishaq (1955). Sirat Rasul Allah(The Life of Muhammad). Oxford University Press. p. 116.

External links[edit]