Fatimah bint Asad

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Fatimah bint Asad
Born Fāṭimah bint ʾAsad
فاطمة بنت أسد

c. 68 BH
(c. 555 CE)
Died c. 4 AH
(c. 626 CE)
Known for Mother of Ali ibn Abu Talib, Aunt of Muhammad
Spouse(s) Abu Talib ibn Abd al-Muttalib
Children (see below)
Parent(s) Asad ibn Hashim
Fatimah bint Qays

Fatimah bint Asad (c. 68 BH – 4 AH ; c. 555–626 CE) (Arabic: فاطمة بنت أسد‎‎, Fāṭimah bint ʾAsad) was the mother of Ali bin Abi Talib, the fourth caliph of Islam.

Ancestry[edit]

She was the daughter of Asad ibn Hashim and Fatimah bint Qays, hence a member of the Hashim clan of the Quraysh.[1]

The maternal grandfather of Muhammad's wife Khadija bint Khuwaylid, Za'ida ibn al-Asamm ibn Rawaha, was the cousin of Fatimah's mother.

Lu'ayy ibn Ghalib
Ka'b ibn Lu'ayy Ma'is ibn Lu'ayy[1]
Murrah ibn Ka'b 'Abd ibn Ma'is
Kilab ibn Murrah Hajar ibn 'Abd
Qusai ibn Kilab Rawaha ibn Hajar
Abd Manaf ibn Qusai
Hashim ibn Abd Manaf Salma bint Amr
(Banu Najjar)
Qays or Haram ibn Rawaha
Asad ibn Hashim Fatima bint Qays
(bint Haram)
Fatimah bint Asad

Children[edit]

She married her cousin, Abu Talib ibn Abd al-Muttalib, and was the mother of seven of his children.

  1. Talib.
  2. Fakhitah (Umm Hani).
  3. Aqeel.
  4. Jumanah.
  5. Ja'far.
  6. Rayta.
  7. Ali, who was the husband of Muhammad's daughter Fatimah.[1]

The orphaned Muhammad, who was Abu Talib's nephew and Fatimah's cousin, came to live in their house in 579 (when he was eight).[2][3]:131,133

Biography[edit]

Fatimah became a Muslim and is described as a "righteous woman".[1] Following Abu Talib's death in 620,[2][3]:243 Fatimah emigrated to Medina with her son Ali in 622.[4]:686 Muhammad used to visit her and take siestas in her house there.[1]

She died in the year 625/626.[4]:811 According to Anas bin Malik, when Muhammad learned that Fatimah had died, he went to her house to sit beside her body and pray for her,[citation needed] gave his shirt to be incorporated into her shroud, and personally placed her in her grave in the Jannatul Baqee cemetery in Medina.[4]:475

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e ibn Sa'd, Muhammad (1995). Kitab at-Tabaqat al-Kabir (The Book of the Major Classes). VIII The Women of Madina. Translated by Bewley, Aisha. London: Ta-Ha Publishers. ISBN 978-1-897940-24-2. 
  2. ^ a b ibn Ishaq, Muhammad (1955). Sīrat Rasūl Allāh (The Life of Muhammad). Translated by Guillaume, Alfred. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-8369-9260-1. 
  3. ^ a b Muhammad ibn Saad. Kitab al-Tabaqat al-Kabir vol. 1. Translated by Haq, S. M. (1967). Ibn Sa'd's Kitab al-Tabaqat al-Kabir Volume I Parts I & II. Delhi: Kitab Bhavan.
  4. ^ a b c Al-Majlisi, M. B. Hayat al-Qulub. Translated by Rizvi, S. H. (2010). Volume 2: A Detailed Biography of Prophet Muhammad (saww). Qum: Ansariyan Publications.

Mahmood Ahmad Ghadanfar. Great Women of Islam. Translated by Jamila Muhammad Qawi. Darussalam Publishers & Distributors, Riyadh. Online at kalamullah.com. pp. 163–167. Retrieved 2013-06-22.

External links[edit]