|Born||Ämirxanov Möxämmätfatix Zarif ulı
1 January 1886
Kazan, Russian Empire
|Died||9 March 1926
Kazan, Soviet Union
Ämirxanov Möxämmätfatix Zarif ulı (pronounced [æmirˈxʌnəf mœxæˌmætfæˈtʲix zʌˌrifuˈlɯ]; AKA Fatix Ämirxan [ fæˈtʲix æmirˈxʌn]; Tatar Arabic: فاتح اميرخان; Tatar Cyrillic: Әмирхан(ов) Фатих (Мөхәммәтфатих) Зариф улы; Russian: Амирха́н(ов) Фати́х (Мухамметфати́х) Зари́фович, Amirkhan(ov) Fatikh (Mukhammetfatikh) Zarifovich, Russian: Фати́х Амирха́н, Fatikh Amirkhan; 1886–1926) was a Tatar classic writer, editor and publicist.
Ämirxan graduated Möxämmädiä madrassa in Kazan, that was the most prominent Tatar educational institution at that time. In 1906-1907 he lived in Moscow and Saint Petersburg, where he published a Tatar journal for children.
Working in Kazan, Ämirxan was an editor of Äl-İslax (The Renewal), he was published in newspapers Qoyaş (The Sun), Yoldız (The star), İdel (Volga), journals Yalt-yolt (The Lightning) and Añ (The Consciousness ).
Fatix Ämirxan is an author of the stories Fätxulla hazrat (Fätxulla xäzrät) (1909), Xäyät (1911), plays The Youth (Yäşlär) (1913), The Unequal (Tigezsezlär) (1915), novel Half Way Along (Urtalıqta) (1912). in this writings he had reflected the problems of Tatar society in the beginning of 20th century, tried to imagine the human behavior of the future generations. In 1926 Uncle Şäfiğulla he criticized the dogmatism and fanaticism of the Bolshevism. This satiric novel was published only in 1991. Ämirxan was a follower of realism and upheld national character in literature. Fatix Ämirxan explored the heritage of Tatar enlighteners, such as Qayum Nasíri, wrote articles on the works of Ğäliäskär Kamal, Ğafur Qoläxmätov. Ämirxan was one of the admirers of Tuqay's literary works and his close friend. For many years Ämirxan was paralyzed and eventually died of pulmonary tuberculosis in 1926.
References and notes
- (Tatar) "Fatix Ämirxan/Фатих Әмирхан". Tatar Encyclopaedia. Kazan: The Republic of Tatarstan Academy of Sciences. Institution of the Tatar Encyclopaedia. 2002.
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