Fatty acid amide
Fatty acid amides (FAAs) are amides formed from a fatty acid and an amine. In nature, many FFAs have ethanolamine as the amine component. Also known as N-acylethanolamines, they contain the functionality RC(O)N(H)CH2CH2OH. A well known example is anandamide. Other fatty acid amides are fatty acid primary amides (FAPAs). They contain the funcitonality RC(O)NH2). Oleamide is an example of this class of FAPAs.
FAAs play a role in intracellular signalling. The signalling is controlled in part by fatty acid amide hydrolases, which convert the amide to the parent fatty acid. One example of signaling is induced by the binding of anandamide to the cannabinoid receptors.
- McKinney, Michele K.; Cravatt, Benjamin F. (2005). "Structure and Function of Fatty Acid Amide Hydrolase". Annual Review of Biochemistry. 74 (1): 411–432. ISSN 0066-4154. doi:10.1146/annurev.biochem.74.082803.133450.
- The Nigerian Zanthoxylum; Chemical and biological values. S. K. Adesina, Afr. J. Trad. CAM, 2005, volume 2, issue 3, pages 282-301 (article)
- Cravatt, B. F. (2004). "Functional disassociation of the central and peripheral fatty acid amide signaling systems". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 101 (29): 10821–10826. ISSN 0027-8424. PMC . PMID 15247426. doi:10.1073/pnas.0401292101.
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