Faucett Perú

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Compañía de Aviación Faucett
Compañía de Aviación Faucett (logo).png
IATA ICAO Callsign
CF CFP Charlie Foxtrot
Founded 15 September 1928 (1928-09-15)
Commenced operations 27 September 1928 (1928-09-27)
Ceased operations December 3, 1997 (1997-12-03)
Hubs
Destinations 17 (at the time of closure)
Company slogan
  • The airline that knows Perú best! (1983)[1]
  • The first airline of Peru (1995)[2]
Headquarters Jorge Chávez International Airport
Lima, Lima Province, Perú
Key people Elmer J. Faucett

Compañía de Aviación Faucett, colloquially known simply as Faucett Perú or Faucett, was a Peruvian airline.

It was headquartered on the grounds of Jorge Chávez International Airport in Lima.[3]

History[edit]

Douglas DC-3 of Faucett at Lima Airport, Peru, in 1972
A Faucett Lockheed L-1011-1 at Miami International Airport in 1996.

Elmer J. Faucett had been sent to Peru as a representative of the Curtiss Export Company, arriving in the country from the United States in 1920.[4]:470 In 1928, he and a group of Peruvian business men joined together to found the first commercial airline in Peru, and one of the first in Latin America.[citation needed] With an initial investment of 2,500,[4]:471 the company was formed on 15 September 1928, and started operations on 27 September that year.[5] In 1937, the airline absorbed Cia de Aviacion Peruanas SA from Panagra.[6] At April 1938 (1938-04), the route network was flown with seven planes manufactured by the Stinson Aircraft Company, and included Chiclayo, Ica, Lima, Sabados and Talara.[7]

Postwar operations[edit]

Having their initial investment increased to ₤200,000 by 1943, Elmer Faucett bought a large number of aircraft from the United States in 1945.[4]:471

By May 1952 (1952-05), the airline flew a route network that was 3,000 miles (4,800 km) long.[8] Faucett carried 136,456 passengers in 1955, and at year end the company had 307 employees.[9]

Faucett Douglas DC-6B(F) in 1972 fitted with large rear cargo door for freight operations

By March 1960 (1960-03), the airline had a fleet of eight DC-3s, four DC-4s and four Faucett Stinson F-19s to serve a route network that was 6,368 miles (10,248 km) long.[10] A second-hand Douglas DC-6B that was acquired from Panagra was incorporated into the fleet in the early 1960s.[6][11] Another DC-6B was acquired in late 1964 and was converted to DC-6B(F) standard with a large rear freight door.[12] This was operated on cargo services to Miami, Florida.

In 1973, Faucett was owned by Peruvian interests (46%), the Fundación Faucett (35%) and Braniff International Airways (19%).[13] The cargo-only airline Aeronaves del Peru became Faucett's biggest shareholder in 1982.[14]

At March 1990 the airline had 1,300 employees and a fleet of ten aircraft that consisted of two Boeing 727-200s, one Boeing 737-100, four Boeing 737-200s and three McDonnell Douglas DC-8-50s.[15]

The 1990s economic liberalization under Alberto Fujimori, after years of economic and political chaos (as well as a violent Maoist insurgency), brought a series of measures aimed at the privatization and deregulation of the airline market. A series of short-lived airlines created during this decade (in the style of Russian Babyflots), stated-owned Aeroperú was partly sold to Mexican investors and the rise of low-fare Aero Continente as a the biggest domestic airline, contributed to the slow decline of Faucett. A series of high profile accidents, especially Faucett's crash in Arequipa and Aeroperú Flight 603 (both in 1996) affected the safety reputation of the Peruvian airline industry, with even the US Embassy in Lima banning their employees from flying in Aero Continente and, more broadly, advising caution to US citizens flying in Peru's airlines.[16]

In the end, problems with the economic-financial structure of the airline (with debts even with CORPAC for airport services), forced it to cease operations on December 3, 1997. Despite claiming that the 45-day closure would be temporary until government approval, all 1250 employees were dismissed. Faucett incurred in debts over USD 1 million.[17] By 1998, the former directives and the employees were engaged in judicial battles over labor and management issues, as well as accusations for bankrupting the company.[18] The airline was liquidated in 1999.[19][20]

Destinations[edit]

Faucett Perú served the following destinations:

Hub
Focus city
# Destination served at the time of closure
Country (State/Province) City Airport Refs
Perú Arequipa # Rodríguez Ballón International Airport [2][21]
Ayacucho # Coronel FAP Alfredo Mendívil Duarte Airport [2][21]
Cajamarca Mayor General FAP Armando Revoredo Iglesias Airport [22]
Chiclayo # Cap. FAP José A. Quiñones Gonzáles International Airport [2][21]
Chimbote Tnte. FAP Jaime Montreuil Morales Airport [22]
Cuzco # Alejandro Velasco Astete International Airport [2][21]
Huánuco Alférez FAP David Figueroa Fernandini Airport [22]
Iberia Iberia Airport [22]
Ilo Ilo Airport [2]
Iquitos # Crnl. FAP Francisco Secada Vignetta International Airport [2][21]
Juliaca # Inca Manco Cápac International Airport [2][21]
Lima # Jorge Chávez International Airport [2][21]
Mollendo Mollendo Airport [22]
Moyobamba Moyobamba Airport [22]
Piura # Cap. FAP Guillermo Concha Iberico International Airport [2][21]
Pucallpa # FAP Captain David Abenzur Rengifo International Airport [2][21]
Puerto Maldonado Padre Aldamiz International Airport [1]
Quince Mil Quince Mil Airport [22]
Rioja # Juan Simons Vela Airport [2][21]
Tacna # Crnl. FAP Carlos Ciriani Santa Rosa International Airport  [2][21]
Talara # Cap. FAP Víctor Montes Arias Airport [2][21]
Tarapoto # Cad. FAP Guillermo del Castillo Paredes Airport [2][21]
Tingo María Tingo María Airport [22]
Trujillo # Cap. FAP Carlos Martínez de Pinillos International Airport [2][21]
Tumbes # Cap. FAP Pedro Canga Rodríguez Airport [2][21]
Yurimaguas # Moisés Benzaquén Rengifo Airport [2][21]
United States (Florida) Miami # Miami International Airport [2][21]

Fleet[edit]

Faucett-Stinson F.19 cargo aircraft built by Faucett, exhibited at their base at Lima in April 1972
Douglas DC-4 of Faucett operating an internal Peruvian passenger service from Lima Airport in 1972

Faucett Perú operated the following equipment all through its history:[23]

Incidents and accidents[edit]

  • On September 11, 1990, a Faucett Boeing 727-246 went missing some 350 miles southeast of Cape Race Newfoundland. After having been leased to Air Malta, the aircraft was being returned to Peru from Europe via Iceland, when the crew reported a low fuel notice and that they were preparing to ditch. There were no survivors among 16 occupants on board.[26]
  • 29 February 1996: Faucett Flight 251, a Boeing 737 leased from American Airlines, crashed in the mountains near Arequipa's airport, killing all 117 passengers and 6 crew aboard.[27]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Timetable (Effective 1 February 1983)". Airline Timetable Images. Retrieved 4 March 2012. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s "Timetable (Effective 1 July 1995)" (PDF). Airline Timetable Images. Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 September 2013. 
  3. ^ World Airline Directory. Flight International. March 22–28, 1995. 64 (- 0749.PDF PDF). Retrieved on June 9, 2016. "Compañía de Aviación Faucett[...]Aeropuerto Jorge Chávez, Apartado 1429, Lima, Peru"
  4. ^ a b c
  5. ^ "World airline survey – Compania de Aviacion "Faucett" SA" (PDF). Flight International: 566. 13 April 1967. Retrieved 4 March 2012. 
  6. ^ a b "The World's airlines – Compañia de Aviacion "Faucett" SA". Flight. 81 (2770): 561. 12 April 1962. Archived from the original on 30 September 2013. 
  7. ^ "Airlines of the World: The Americas – Cia de Aviacion Faucett". Flight. XXXIII (1531): 420. 28 April 1938. Archived from the original on 28 September 2013. 
  8. ^ "The World's airlines – Compania de Aviación Faucett, S.A.". Flight. LXI (2260): 593. 16 May 1952. Archived from the original on 26 September 2012. 
  9. ^ "World airline directory – Compañía de Aviación "Faucett" S.A.". Flight. 69 (2465): 467. 20 April 1956. Archived from the original on 29 September 2013. 
  10. ^ a b "World airline survey – Compania de Aviacion "Faucett" SA". Flight. 77 (2665): 497. 8 April 1960. Archived from the original on 27 September 2013. 
  11. ^ "World airline survey – Compañia de Aviacion "Faucett" SA". Flight. 79 (2718): 491. 13 April 1961. Archived from the original on 30 September 2013. 
  12. ^ Roach, J.R. and Eastwood A.B. (2007). Piston Engined Airliner Production List. The Aviation Hobby Shop. 
  13. ^ "Compañia de Aviación Faucett SA". 22 March 1973. 
  14. ^ "Aeronaves buys Faucett". 7 March 1982. 
  15. ^ "World Airline Directory – Compania de Aviacion Faucett". Flight International. 137 (4207): 82. 20 March 1990. ISSN 0015-3710. Archived from the original on 26 November 2016. 
  16. ^ http://www.nytimes.com/1997/06/08/travel/embassy-ban-rekindles-air-safety-fears-in-peru.html?mcubz=0
  17. ^ http://www.eltiempo.com/archivo/documento/MAM-704157
  18. ^ http://www2.caretas.pe/1998/1538/faucett/faucett.htm in Spanish
  19. ^ "Angst up in the Andes". Flightglobal. 1 February 1998. Archived from the original on 20 November 2016. 
  20. ^ Learmount, David (7 July 1999). "Fit to survive". Santiago de Chile: Flightglobal. Archived from the original on 4 March 2012. 
  21. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q "World airline directory – Compania de Aviacion Faucett (Faucett Peru)" (PDF). Flight International: 61. 19 March 1997 – 25 March 1997. Retrieved 4 March 2012.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  22. ^ a b c d e f g h "Horarios (Segundo semestre 1960)" [Timetables (2nd half 1960)]. Airline Timetable Images (in Spanish). Retrieved 3 March 2012. 
  23. ^ "SubFleets for: Faucett Perú". AeroTransport Data Bank. 1 March 2012. Retrieved 1 March 2012. 
  24. ^ "Peruvian A300". Flightglobal. 29 November 1995. Archived from the original on 20 November 2016. 
  25. ^
  26. ^ Accident description for OB-1303 at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 27 January 2016.
  27. ^ "Timeline: Major air crashes in Latin America since 1993". Reuters. 18 July 2007. Archived from the original on 16 October 2012. Retrieved 16 October 2012. 

External links[edit]