Fauna of Maine
The fauna of Maine include several diverse land and aquatic animal species, especially those common to the North Atlantic Ocean and deciduous forests of North America. Some of these creatures' habitats has been reduced or fully removed.
- 1 Mammals
- 2 Birds
- 3 Other vertebrates
- 4 Molluscs
- 5 References
- 6 External links
Large baleen whales
Large toothed whales
The large toothed whales of Maine include the beluga, beaked whale, false killer whale, grampus[disambiguation needed], killer whale, northern bottlenose whale, pygmy sperm whale, short-finned pilot whale, sperm whale, and the long-finned pilot whale.
Dolphins and porpoises
The rodents of Maine include the North American deermouse, white-footed deermouse, meadow jumping mouse, woodland jumping mouse, meadow vole, southern red-backed vole, rock vole, woodland vole, southern bog lemming, northern bog lemming
Hares, pikas, and rabbits
The hares of Maine include the snowshoe hare.
Other small mammals
Other small mammals of Maine include species of several different families. These include the following: hairy-tailed mole, star-nosed mole, water shrew, smoky shrew, long-tailed shrew, pygmy shrew, cinereus shrew, and the northern short-tailed shrew.
The various species of weasels include: northern river otter, American mink, long-tailed weasel, ermine or short-tailed weasel, fisher (in New England is known as a fisher cat), and the American marten (Known as pine marten in some areas of New England even though the pine marten is a separate species.).
The mammals not included in the text above are the white-tailed deer, moose, woodland caribou, red squirrel, eastern gray squirrel, eastern chipmunk, woodchuck, northern raccoon, Virginia opossum, striped skunk, North American porcupine, common muskrat, eastern cottontail, New England cottontail, and the American beaver.
Of the many birds in Maine, a small fraction of them are the bald eagle, peregrine falcon, great horned owl, barn owl, barred owl, long-eared owl, great gray owl, northern saw-whet owl, common nighthawk, whip-poor-will, chimney swift, common loon, pied-billed grebe, horned grebe, red-necked grebe, northern fulmar, greater shearwater, sooty shearwater, manx shearwater, Wilson's storm-petrel, Leach's storm-petrel, piping plover, American pipit, Arctic tern, Atlantic puffin, black tern, harlequin duck, razorbill, black-capped chickadee, indigo bunting, scarlet tanager, mallard, wood duck, American black duck, Canada goose, American goldfinch, tufted titmouse, mourning dove, northern goshawk, golden eagle, sharp-shinned hawk, Cooper's hawk, northern harrier, and red-tailed hawk.
There are 92 species of terrestrial gastropods in Maine.
- Scott M. Martin: TERRESTRIAL SNAILS AND SLUGS (MOLLUSCA: GASTROPODA) OF MAINE. Northeastern Naturalist, 2000, 33–88. (abstract)