Faust up to Date
|Faust up to Date|
G. R. Sims |
G. R. Sims |
|Productions||1888 West End|
Faust up to Date is a musical burlesque with a score written by Meyer Lutz (a few songs by others were interpolated into the show). The libretto was written by G. R. Sims and Henry Pettitt. It is a spoof of Gounod's opera, Faust, which had first been performed in London in 1864, and followed on from an earlier Lutz musical, Mephistopheles, or Faust and Marguerite.
The piece was first performed at the Gaiety Theatre, London on 30 October 1888, produced by George Edwardes, and ran until August 1889. It starred Florence St. John as Margaret, E. J. Lonnen as Mephistopheles and Mabel Love as Totchen. It was revived in July 1892, with Florence St. John again playing the role of Margaret, Edmund Payne as Mephistopheles and Arthur Williams as Valentine. The piece enjoyed subsequent productions in New York, Australia (with Robert Courtneidge as Valentine) and elsewhere.
This type of burlesque, or travesty was popular in Britain at the time. Other examples include The Bohemian G-yurl and the Unapproachable Pole (1877), Blue Beard (1882), Ariel (1883, by F. C. Burnand), Galatea, or Pygmalion Reversed (1883), Little Jack Sheppard (1885), Monte Cristo Jr (1886), Miss Esmeralda (1887), Frankenstein, or The Vampire's Victim (1887), Mazeppa, Ruy Blas and the Blase Roue (1888), Carmen up to Data (1890), Cinder Ellen up too Late (1891) and Don Juan (1892, with lyrics by Adrian Ross).
John Hollingshead had managed the Gaiety Theatre, London, from 1868 to 1886 as a venue for variety, continental operetta, light comedy, and numerous musical burlesques composed or arranged by the theatre's music director, Wilhelm Meyer Lutz. Hollingshead called himself a "licensed dealer in legs, short skirts, French adaptations, Shakespeare, taste and musical glasses." In 1886, Hollingshead ceded the management of the theatre to George Edwardes, whom he had hired in 1885. Edwardes expanded the burlesque format from often one-act to full-length pieces, with original music by Lutz instead of scores compiled from popular tunes, and choreography by the theatre's dance-master, John D'Auban. Lutz's ballet music, a Pas de Quatre (1888), originally choreographed by D'Auban, became very popular and is still available today on CD.
Nellie Farren starred as the "principal boy" at the Gaiety for nearly 25 years, from 1868 to 1892. Fred Leslie joined her there in 1885 and wrote many of its most successful burlesques under his pseudonym, "A. C. Torr". In the early 1890s, as Burlesque went out of fashion, Edwardes changed the focus of the theatre from musical burlesque to the new genre of Edwardian musical comedy.
Faust up to date was first produced at the Gaiety Theatre, London by George Edwardes, opening on 30 October 1888, and running until August 1889. It starred Florence St. John as Margaret, E. J. Lonnen as Mephistopheles, Fanny Robina as Faust, George Stone as Valentine, and Mabel Love as Totchen. A highlight of the piece was a dance for four women. It was revived in July 1892, with Florence St. John again playing the role of Margaret, Edmund Payne as Mephistopheles and Arthur Williams as Valentine. The piece enjoyed subsequent productions in New York opening at the former Broadway Theatre at 1445 Broadway on 10 December 1889, Australia (with Robert Courtneidge as Valentine) and elsewhere.
Roles and original cast
- Mephistopheles – E. J. Lonnen
- Valentine – George Stone
- Old Faust – Harry Parker
- Lord Chancellor – Walter Lonnen
- Faust – Fanny Robina
- Siebel – Jennie McNulty
- Wagner – Emma Broughton
- Donner – Alice Young
- Blitzen – Hetty Hamer
- Elsa – Lillian Price
- Lisa – Florence Levey
- Katrina – Miss Greville
- Hilda – Miss Sprague
- Totchen – Mabel Love
- Martha – Maria Jones
- Waitress – Emily Robina
- Waitress – Minnie Ross
- Marguerite – Florence St. John
The following plot summary was printed in The Theatre in December 1888:
It might have been thought that Goethe's legend was too hackneyed a subject to afford scope for a new version; but Messrs. Sims and Pettitt have contrived to introduce into it fresh elements of fun, without so far departing from the original story as to make it unrecognisable. We have Old Faust longing for love and youth, and the appearance of Mephistopheles, who summons a vision of Marguerite, engaged as a fascinating barmaid at the Italian Exhibition at Nuremberg. Old Faust signs the necessary bond and is transformed into a gay and handsome gallant, who is accepted by Marguerite. Her brother, Valentine, to favour the addresses of Siebel, makes his sister a ward in Chancery, and the married pair dread the punishment of the Lord Chancellor, from which punishment they eventually escape at the Olympic Gardens, Nuremberg, by ascending in a balloon. Mephistopheles is outwitted by the reappearance of Old Faust, with the grievance that the gentleman in red has not fulfilled his portion of the contract, but allowed another to enjoy himself in his place. Valentine, though he has been carried off as killed, comes to life again, his valuable existence having been saved by Faust's sword being turned aside by Valentine's Waterbury watch, the touching gift of his sister!
The critic of The Theatre wrote, "The music, written by Herr Lutz, is appropriate and tuneful, and the book very amusing. The authors have been guilty of some atrocious puns. … The topical allusions are quite up to date and the lyrics smooth. An excellent Mephistopheles is found in Mr. E. J. Lonnen, who plays with immense spirit, and gains a nightly encore for his songs, "I shall have 'em by-and-by", and "Enniscorthy" (written for him by R. Martin). Miss Florence St. John is an ideal burlesque actress, so skilfully does she blend the innocence of the real Marguerite with the faster proclivities of her modern prototype. On the opening night it was noticed with regret that full advantage had not been taken of the exquisite voice Miss St. John possesses; but since then, in addition to the numbers, "A simple little maid", and "Fond heart, oh, tell me why," two other ballads have been added, and it need hardly be said that all are charmingly sung. … As usual, Mr. George Edwardes has spared no expense in the production, to which Mr. Charles Harris has contributed his accustomed skill, and Faust up to Date will certainly fill the Gaiety for many a night to come." The Morning Post called the piece a great success, and particularly singled out "a sort of grotesque petticoat quadrille, danced by four danseuses, and encored uproariously.
Referring to the absence of Nellie Farren, the theatre's usual "principal boy", and Fred Leslie, its usual star comedian, who were in America, The Era commented, "There is no disguising the fact that the absence of the principal members of the Gaiety troupe is appreciably felt"; the paper expressed reservations about the piece and some of the cast, but acknowledged that the Gaiety audience had shown great enthusiasm for the piece and the players. The New York Times, reviewing the New York production, the next year, had much the same reaction, disliking the "silly" piece even more and praising only the dance for the four women and the singing of Marguerite, who was St. John's understudy. In particular, it found Lonnen to be a poor substitute for Leslie in every respect.
- Adams, William Davenport. A dictionary of the drama (1904), p. 502 Chatto & Windus
- Hollingshead, John. Good Old Gaiety: An Historiette & Remembrance (1903) London:Gaity Theatre Co
- Advertisement in The Times, 30 October 1888
- Review in The Times, 31 October 1888
- Programme for Carmen up to Data Archived December 10, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.
- Arthur Lloyd Music Hall site (on Gaiety) Cuttings Archived January 4, 2008, at the Wayback Machine. accessed 1 March 2007
- "Theatrical Humour in the Seventies", The Times, 20 February 1914, p. 9
- "Pas de Quatre", track 7 on British Light Music Classics, Hyperion, 1996, accessed 15 December 2009
- Stewart, Maurice. "The spark that lit the bonfire", in Gilbert and Sullivan News (London) Spring 2003, The Gilbert and Sullivan Society.
- Mabel Love biography
- News of the Day Abroad". The New York Times, review of the London opening, 31 October 1888, noting that the "main" Gaiety company was then on tour in New York.
- "Amusements". The New York Times, 11 December 1889 (review of the New York production)
- Courtneidge biography at the British Musical Theatre pages of The Gilbert and Sullivan Archive
- Cast list printed in "Faust Up To Date", Theatre 12 December 1888, p.309
- "Faust Up To Date", Theatre, 12 December 1888, p. 309
- "The Gaiety Reopens", The Morning Post, 31 October 1888, p. 5
- Stewart, Maurice. "The spark that lit the bonfire", Gilbert and Sullivan News (London) Spring, 2003, The Gilbert and Sullivan Society: London
- "The London Theatres", The Era, 3 November 1888, p. 14
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