|14th Governor of Jakarta|
7 October 2007 – 7 October 2012
|Succeeded by||Joko Widodo|
|Born||10 April 1948 (age 69)
|Height||1.60 m (5 ft 3 in)|
|Spouse(s)||Sri Hartati Bowo|
Fauzi Bowo (born 10 April 1948 in Jakarta, Indonesia) is an Indonesian politician and diplomat who is the current Indonesian Ambassador to Germany. He was the governor of Jakarta between 2007 and 2012 and previously served as deputy governor.
He has worked for the Jakarta administration since 1987 and was treasurer of the Golkar organization from 1993 to 1997. On 8 August 2007 he was elected governor of Jakarta (2007–2012), beating his only rival Adang Daradjatun 57.9% to 42.1% in the first ever election for the post. He was inaugurated on 7 October 2007. Having run for a second term as governor in the 2012 gubernatorial election, he was defeated on 20 September 2012 after a second-round runoff by Joko Widodo.
Background and education
Fauzi Bowo, known as "Foke" to many Jakartans, was born in Jakarta to a wealthy landowning family. His father, Djohari bin Adiputro, was from Malang, East Java, and his mother, Nuraini binti Abdul Manaf, from Jakarta. After high school at Canisius College in Jakarta, Fauzi studied at the architecture faculty at the University of Indonesia from 1966 to 1967. There, he was involved in the Indonesian Students Action Front (KAMI), an organization established to counter the communist-influenced Indonesian Student Union. In 1968 he won a scholarship to study in West Germany, where he was a student of town planning at the Technical University at Brunswick, graduating in 1976. While in Germany he was active in the Indonesian Students Association. In 2000, he completed a doctoral degree Doktor Ingenieur from University of Kaiserslautern, Germany.
Two years after graduating, in 1979 Fauzi was appointed acting head of the Jakarta Regional Bureau, eventually being promoted as regional secretary in 1998. He served as treasurer to the government Golkar organization from 1983 to 1997. In 2002 he expressed his intention to stand for the governor of Jakarta, which at the time was chosen by the regional administration. However, he was persuaded to stand aside and become deputy governor to Sutiyoso.
In 2004 he began approaching political and religious organizations to support his bid for the governorship of Jakarta. With the support of 19 political parties, including Golkar, PDI-P and PPP, he stood for the governorship in 2007 with Prijanto as his running mate. Fauzi defeated his opponent Adang Daradjatun (running with Dani Anwar as candidate for deputy governor) in Jakarta's first gubernatorial election on 8 August by 57.9% to 42.1% of the vote.
In 2013, he was appointed as Indonesia’s ambassador to Germany.
Under Fauzi Bowo, 5 new routes of TransJakarta (Jakarta's "busway") were added, however TransJakarta users have complained of long waiting time and worsening service. There are constant complaints in the media about the worsening traffic situation. Many Jakartans argue that Governor Fauzi and the Jakarta regional government should have done more to invest in public transport facilities, and to enforce regulations, in order to improve traffic flows across Jakarta. One response to the problem was a plan (2011) to establish a Greater Jakarta Transportation Authority to coordinate the implementation of the numerous proposals that had been made to improve the traffic challenges. In 2012, a feasibility study for a Mass Rapid Transit (MRT)system was published; it proposed integration of the TransJakarta service and a railway service, and predicted construction of the rail lines to begin at end of 2012. After the project was pushed by Fauzi's successor, Joko Widodo, construction was in fact commenced in October 2013.
One of the policies which Fauzi pursued is support for an anti-smoking campaign first introduced by his predecessor, former Governor Sutiyoso. The first tobacco legislation in Jakarta was introduced by Sutiyoso in 2005 when a by-law on air pollution control was issued. Several supporting regulations were subsequently introduced. Anti-smoking regulations introduced by Fauzi in 2011 banned people from smoking inside public buildings and certain other places. The regulations have had a noticeable impact in Jakarta. There has been a marked reduction in smoking in government offices and in places such as large modern hotels which are subject to the regulations. In May 2011 the World Health Organization named Fauzi as one of the recipients of the World No Tobacco Day 2011 Awards.
- ""Pecah Kongsi" dalam Pilkada" (in Indonesian). KOMPAS.com. 26 March 2012. Retrieved 26 March 2012.
- "Lewat Twitter, Anas Umumkan Pasangan Foke-Nachrowi" (in Indonesian). Tempo. 19 March 2012. Retrieved 19 March 2012.
- Kompas newspaper 2 August 2007 p33
- Sundhaussen (1982)
- Pemimpin Jakarta yang Luwes
- worldmayor.com results
- Sihaloho, Markus Junianto (19 September 2013). "House Approves 22 New Ambassadors". The Jakarta Globe. Retrieved 7 August 2017.
- 'TransJakarta Services Considered Worsening', VivaNews, 14 May 2012.
- 'Ridwan dan Sutiyoso anggap Fauzi Bowo Gagal (In Indonesian)', Kabar Politik, 29 March 2012.
- 'Just another year, Foke!', The Jakarta Post, 25 June 2011.
- Andreas D. Arditya, 'Govt to help with city traffic', The Jakarta Post, 24 June 2011
- Jokowi leads MRT ground-breaking ceremony', The Jakarta Post, 10 Oct 2013.
- 'Anti-Tobacco Award for Fauzi', The Jakarta Post, 30 May 2011.
- Sundhaussen, Ulf The Road to Power: Indonesian Military Politics 1945–1967, Oxford University Press 1982 ISBN 0-19-582521-7
- Kompas newspaper, 2 August & 18 August 2007
|Governor of Jakarta