Favites

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Favites
Temporal range: Jurassic - Recent
Favites pentagona 1.JPG
Favites pentagona
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Cnidaria
Class: Anthozoa
Order: Scleractinia
Family: Merulinidae
Genus: Favites
Link, 1807 [1]
Species
See text
Synonyms
List
  • Aphrastrea Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848
  • Favastrea de Blainville, 1834
  • Phymastraea Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848 [lapsus]
  • Phymastrea Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848
  • Prionastraea Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848

Favites is a genus of stony corals in the family Merulinidae. Members of this genus are native to the Indo-Pacific region and their ranges extend from the Red Sea through the Indian Ocean and Western Pacific Ocean as far as Japan, the Line Islands and the Tuamotu Islands.[2]

Characteristics[edit]

Colonies can be encrusting but are usually massive and dome-shaped. The corallites are mostly cerioid (sharing a common wall), but some are plocoid (with an individual wall) and the palliform lobes are indistinct, which distinguishes these corals from the otherwise similar Goniastrea.[1][2]

Species[edit]

The following species are currently recognized by the World Register of Marine Species :[1]

Fossil internal model of Favites, from Miocene of Italy

Fossil record[edit]

Fossils of Favites are found in marine strata from the Jurassic to the Quaternary (age range: from 161.2 to 0.0 million years ago.). Fossils are known from many localities in Europe, Indonesia, Philippines, Africa, North America, South America, Pakistan, Japan and India.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Hoeksema, Bert (2015). "Favites Link, 1807". World Register of Marine Species. Retrieved 2015-04-25.
  2. ^ a b Sprung, Julian (1999). Corals: A quick reference guide. Ricordea Publishing. pp. 110–111. ISBN 1-883693-09-8.
  3. ^ The Paleobiology Database