Fay King Chung
Fay Chung, Zimbabwe, 2007
|Minister of National Affairs, Employment Generation and Cooperatives|
|Preceded by||New post|
|Constituency||Non-constituency Member of Parliament|
|Minister of Education, Sport and Culture|
|Preceded by||Dzingai Mutumbuka|
|Constituency||Non-constituency Member of Parliament|
|Deputy Secretary for Administration in the Ministry of Education, Sport and Culture|
|President||Robert Mugabe (1987–)|
|Prime Minister||Robert Mugabe (1980–1987)|
|Website||Fay Chung Blog|
Fay King Chung (born March 1941) is a Zimbabwean educator and was an independent candidate for the March 2008 Zimbabwean senatorial election. She was one of the early public supporters of independent presidential candidate, Simba Makoni, who announced his presidential candidacy in early February 2008. She was Deputy Secretary for Administration in the Ministry of Education from 1980 to 1988 and Minister of Education in President Robert Mugabe's cabinet from 1988 to 1993. In 1980, 5% of the black population in Zimbabwe had access to basic education as provided by government schools (at that time mission schools provided the majority of basic education); by 1993, Zimbabwe had achieved a 95% primary education rate. Chung has worked to extend access to education and to bring ‘education-with-production’ principles into school curricular in Zimbabwe and other developing countries.
Fay Chung was born in Southern Rhodesia, the third generation of a Chinese immigrant family. Her grandfather, Yee Wo Lee, the fifth son of a large peasant Chinese family, emigrated to Rhodesia in 1904 at the age of seventeen and became a successful cafe owner. Her father was a successful businessman called Chu Yao Chung. Her mother, Nguk Sim Lee, was a Chinese-trained nurse who emigrated to Rhodesia to get married. She died whilst giving birth when Fay Chung was only three years old. After her mother's death, Fay Chung and her two sisters were raised up by her grandfather and grandmother, assisted by a Shona nanny named Elina.
Fay Chung attended the Indian and Asian primary school called Louis Mountbatten, named after the British Viceroy of India. The headmaster was a South African Indian from Durban called V.S. Naidoo, who was instrumental in persuading Fay Chung's father, a conservative and traditionalist, to allow her to go as a boarder to Founders High School, which had recently opened as the first secondary school for Asians and Coloureds.
Chung grew up in a Chinese family in Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe) in the 1950s and trained as an educator at the University of Zimbabwe (then known as University of Rhodesia) and in 1968 went on to earn her post-graduate degree in education and a masters in philosophy in English literature at the University of Leeds. Most recently, Chung earned a BA in economics from the University of London’s School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS).
During the 1960s, Chung taught underprivileged students in one of the largest Rhodesian townships in Gwelo and in the early 70s became a lecturer in the Department of Education at the University of Zambia. In Zambia she became a vocal supporter of the African nationalist movement. With the escalation of the guerrilla war inside Rhodesia, in 1973 Chung joined the Zimbabwe African National Union (ZANU). Her participation with a banned political organisation drove her into exile in Tanzania, and later Mozambique in the mid- and late-70s where she learned to speak Shona fluently. Her initial role within ZANU was in the Information and Media Department; she subsequently became the senior official responsible for implementing the movement's teacher training and curriculum development in refugee camps.
Chung co-founded ZIMFEP, an NGO that combined education with agricultural production theory to assist war veterans and their families and was subsequently appointed Deputy Minister of Administration of the Ministry of Education at Zimbabwe's independence in 1980. Chung was appointed Minister of Education by Mugabe in 1988. During her tenure at the Ministry of Education, Chung developed and implemented a nationwide primary and secondary education program. She resigned from the Ministry of Education after disagreeing with the government.
After resigning from the Ministry of Education, Chung worked to replicate the Zimbabwean education platform in developing countries around the world as Chief of the Education Cluster at UNICEF in New York. In 1998 she returned to Africa, where she was the founder and first director of UNESCO’s International Institute for Capacity Building in Africa based in Ethiopia.
Return to Zimbabwe
Chung returned home to Zimbabwe in 2003 ostensibly to retire, though she has continued to be outspoken on Zimbabwean politics. In 2006, she authored Re-Living the Second Chimurenga: Memories of the Liberation Struggle for Zimbabwe, her memoir. In addition, she has continued to be active in various organisations, including supporting various women's education, leadership and empowerment efforts in Africa. She is a founder of FAWE (Forum for African Women Educationalists), ASHEWA (Association for Strengthening Higher Education for Women in Africa) and is also the chairperson of the board of trustees of the Women's University in Africa which she helped co-found in 2003.
2008 Senatorial Election
In the Zimbabwean parliamentary election of 2008, Fay Chung returned to the political arena and stood as an independent candidate within the Mavambo Formation of Simba Makoni for the Mvurachena senatorial constituency. She gained 2,238 votes, losing to Rutendo Chikukwa of ZANU-PF.
- Fay Chung Bibliography
- Zimbabwe Elections – Reuters Blog – Decision Time 2008
- Zimbabwe Elections – BBC Website
- Mugabe's Last Stand – Newsweek – March 31, 2008 Issue
- Election Campaign Blog – Fay Chung
- Interview – TheStandard – March 16
- Fay Chung – zimDAILY – March 6, 2008
- Ex- Zim Minister Confirms Backing Makoni, vying for Senatorial Seat – The Zimbabwe Gazette – March 4, 2008
- News Article – February 26, 2008
- New article – February 10, 2008
- Simba Makoni Endorsement List
- New York Times Fay Chung Interview – Shadow On the Future – January 15, 1989