Fayette, Mississippi

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Fayette, Mississippi
City
Location of Fayette, Mississippi
Location of Fayette, Mississippi
Fayette, Mississippi is located in the US
Fayette, Mississippi
Fayette, Mississippi
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 31°42′40″N 91°3′44″W / 31.71111°N 91.06222°W / 31.71111; -91.06222Coordinates: 31°42′40″N 91°3′44″W / 31.71111°N 91.06222°W / 31.71111; -91.06222
Country United States
State Mississippi
County Jefferson
Government
 • Type Mayor-Alderman
 • Mayor-Elect Londell Eanochs
Area
 • Total 1.2 sq mi (3.1 km2)
 • Land 1.2 sq mi (3.1 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 282 ft (86 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 1,614
 • Estimate (2016)[1] 1,527
 • Density 1,300/sq mi (520/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes 39069, 39081
Area code(s) 601
FIPS code 28-24500
GNIS feature ID 0669927

Fayette is a city in Jefferson County, Mississippi, United States. The population was 1,614 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Jefferson County.[2]

Geography[edit]

Fayette is located at 31°42′40″N 91°3′44″W / 31.71111°N 91.06222°W / 31.71111; -91.06222 (31.711144, -91.062246).[3]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.2 square miles (3.1 km2), all land.

History[edit]

In 1879, the Jesse James gang, based in Missouri, raided southwest Mississippi, robbing a store each in Washington and Fayette. The outlaws absconded with $2,000 cash in the second robbery and took shelter in abandoned cabins on the Kemp Plantation south of St. Joseph, Louisiana. A posse attacked and killed two of the outlaws but failed to capture the entire gang.[4] Jesse James and most of his gang succeeded in returning to Missouri. He was killed three years in 1882 at his house in St. Joseph in northwestern Missouri.

In 1890 the white Democrat-controlled legislature passed a new constitution, which effective disenfranchised most blacks in the state, crippling their integration into society and the Republican Party of the time. After Congressional passage of the Voting Rights Act of 1965, blacks began to register and vote again. Charles Evers was elected as mayor in 1969 by the people of Fayette; he was the first African-American mayor elected in post-Reconstruction Mississippi. He beat the white incumbent R.G. Allen by 386-225. Evers was an activist and the brother of slain civil rights leader Medgar Evers, head of the Mississippi chapter of the NAACP when he was assassinated in 1963.[5]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 210
1860 339 61.4%
1870 120 −64.6%
1880 369 207.5%
1900 604
1910 775 28.3%
1920 840 8.4%
1930 848 1.0%
1940 907 7.0%
1950 1,498 65.2%
1960 1,626 8.5%
1970 1,725 6.1%
1980 2,033 17.9%
1990 1,853 −8.9%
2000 2,242 21.0%
2010 1,614 −28.0%
Est. 2016 1,527 [1] −5.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]

As of the census[7] of 2000, there were 2,242 people, 775 households, and 543 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,903.3 people per square mile (733.6/km²). There were 843 housing units at an average density of 715.6 per square mile (275.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 1.92% White, 97.37% African American, 0.09% Native American, 0.22% Asian, and 0.40% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.62% of the population.

There were 775 households out of which 39.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 24.4% were married couples living together, 40.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.9% were non-families. 27.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.82 and the average family size was 3.46.

In the city, the population was spread out with 34.2% under the age of 18, 12.6% from 18 to 24, 25.6% from 25 to 44, 17.2% from 45 to 64, and 10.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 28 years. For every 100 females there were 75.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 69.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $13,564, and the median income for a family was $16,875. Males had a median income of $20,500 versus $17,011 for females. The per capita income for the city was $8,101. About 44.4% of families and 48.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 58.8% of those under age 18 and 38.2% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

The City of Fayette is served by the Jefferson County School District.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 10, 2015. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  4. ^ "Jefferson B. Snyder". New Orleans Times-Picayune, April 15, 1938. Retrieved July 22, 2013. 
  5. ^ Associated Press (14 May 1969). "Race Won By Evers". Waycross Journal-Herald. Retrieved 25 November 2012. 
  6. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  7. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  8. ^ Cardon, Dustin (2013-05-10). "Duvalier Malone | Jackson Free Press | Jackson, MS". Jackson Free Press. Retrieved 2017-05-02. 
  9. ^ "Thomas M. Wade". records.ancestry.com. Retrieved July 17, 2013.