Fayette, Missouri

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City of Fayette, Missouri
Town Square in Fayette
Town Square in Fayette
Location in the state of Missouri
Location in the state of Missouri
Coordinates: 39°8′44″N 92°41′10″W / 39.14556°N 92.68611°W / 39.14556; -92.68611Coordinates: 39°8′44″N 92°41′10″W / 39.14556°N 92.68611°W / 39.14556; -92.68611
CountryUnited States
StateMissouri
CountyHoward
Founded1823
Government
 • MayorKenneth O'Brian
 • AdministratorRobin Triplett
Area
 • Total2.26 sq mi (5.85 km2)
 • Land2.22 sq mi (5.75 km2)
 • Water0.04 sq mi (0.10 km2)
Elevation
699 ft (213 m)
Population
 • Total2,688
 • Estimate 
(2016)[3]
2,695
 • Density1,200/sq mi (460/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
65248
Area code(s)660
FIPS code29-23842[4]
GNIS feature ID0717869[5]
WebsiteCity Website

Fayette is a city in Howard County, Missouri, United States. The population was 2,688 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Howard County.[6] It is part of the Columbia, Missouri Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Fayette was laid out in 1823.[7] The community was named after Gilbert du Motier, Marquis de Lafayette.[8] A post office has been in operation at Fayette since 1824.[9]

The Edwin and Nora Payne Bedford House, Central Methodist College Campus Historic District, Coleman Hall, Fayette City Park Swimming Pool, Fayette Courthouse Square Historic District, Fayette Residential Historic District, Greenwood, Prior Jackson Homeplace, Alfred W. Morrison House, Oakwood, St. Mary's Episcopal Church, South Main Street Historic District, and Dr. Uriel S. Wright Office are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[10]

In 1899, 19-year-old, black Fayette resident Frank Embree was accused of raping a 14-year-old white girl.[11] Embree claimed to be innocent; however, after a lynch mob whipped him more than 100 times, he stated that he would "own up" to the crime if the mob agreed to shoot or hang him as an alternative to continuing to torture him.[11] Embree was then hanged, on July 21, 1899, without ever having been tried or convicted of a crime.[11]

Geography[edit]

Fayette is at 39°8′44″N 92°41′10″W / 39.14556°N 92.68611°W / 39.14556; -92.68611 (39.145468, -92.686126).[12] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.26 square miles (5.85 km2), of which 2.22 square miles (5.75 km2) is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) is water.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860647
187081526.0%
18801,24753.0%
18902,24780.2%
19002,71720.9%
19102,586−4.8%
19202,381−7.9%
19302,63010.5%
19402,608−0.8%
19503,14420.6%
19603,2944.8%
19703,5206.9%
19802,983−15.3%
19902,888−3.2%
20002,793−3.3%
20102,688−3.8%
Est. 20162,695[3]0.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[13]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 2,688 people, 949 households, and 509 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,210.8 inhabitants per square mile (467.5/km2). There were 1,097 housing units at an average density of 494.1 per square mile (190.8/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 83.5% White, 13.0% African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.6% from other races, and 2.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.2% of the population.

There were 949 households of which 25.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.9% were married couples living together, 12.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.1% had a male householder with no wife present, and 46.4% were non-families. 37.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.17 and the average family size was 2.85.

The median age in the city was 26.1 years. 16.7% of residents were under the age of 18; 32% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 15.9% were from 25 to 44; 19.5% were from 45 to 64; and 15.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.7% male and 51.3% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 2,793 people, 976 households, and 578 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,253.6 people per square mile (483.6/km²). There were 1,133 housing units at an average density of 508.5 per square mile (196.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 79.16% White, 18.33% African American, 0.47% Native American, 0.21% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.47% from other races, and 1.32% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.93% of the population.

There were 976 households out of which 25.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.4% were married couples living together, 14.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.7% were non-families. 34.5% of all households were individuals and 16.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.18 and the average family size was 2.79.

In the city, the population was spread out with 17.9% under the age of 18, 28.2% from 18 to 24, 19.5% from 25 to 44, 16.2% from 45 to 64, and 18.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $27,276, and the median income for a family was $35,694. Males had a median income of $27,768 versus $20,833 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,451. About 9.1% of families and 15.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.1% of those under age 18 and 20.0% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Fayette is home to Central Methodist University, a private 4-year university, which is accredited by the Higher Learning Commission. It was also home to the now-defunct Howard-Payne Junior College.

In its public school system, Fayette has one elementary school (L. J. Daly), one middle school (W. N. Clark) and one high school (Fayette).

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on January 24, 2012. Retrieved 2012-07-08.
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-08.
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  6. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 10, 2015. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  7. ^ "Post Offices". Jim Forte Postal History. Archived from the original on 9 October 2016. Retrieved 8 October 2016.
  8. ^ Eaton, David Wolfe (1916). How Missouri Counties, Towns and Streams Were Named. The State Historical Society of Missouri. p. 174.
  9. ^ "Howard County Place Names, 1928–1945 (archived)". The State Historical Society of Missouri. Archived from the original on 24 June 2016. Retrieved 8 October 2016.
  10. ^ National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
  11. ^ a b c http://academic.udayton.edu/race/03justice/prosecu01.htm
  12. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  13. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.

External links[edit]