Fayette County, Alabama

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Fayette County, Alabama
Fayette County Alabama Courthouse.jpg
Fayette County courthouse in Fayette
Map of Alabama highlighting Fayette County
Location in the U.S. state of Alabama
Map of the United States highlighting Alabama
Alabama's location in the U.S.
Founded December 20, 1824
Named for Marquis de Lafayette
Seat Fayette
Largest city Fayette
Area
 • Total 629 sq mi (1,629 km2)
 • Land 628 sq mi (1,627 km2)
 • Water 1.7 sq mi (4 km2), 0.3%
Population (est.)
 • (2016) 16,546
 • Density 27/sq mi (10/km²)
Congressional district 4th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website fayettecountyal.org

Footnotes:  

  • County Number 32 on Alabama Licence Plates

Fayette County is a county of the U.S. state of Alabama. As of the 2010 census, the population was 17,241.[1] Its county seat is Fayette. Its name is in honor of the Marquis de Lafayette[2] (or de la Fayette), who aided General George Washington in the American Revolutionary War.

History[edit]

Fayette County was established on December 20, 1824 during Lafayette's historic tour of the 24 United States

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 629 square miles (1,630 km2), of which 628 square miles (1,630 km2) is land and 1.7 square miles (4.4 km2) (0.3%) is water.[3]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1830 3,547
1840 6,942 95.7%
1850 9,681 39.5%
1860 12,850 32.7%
1870 7,136 −44.5%
1880 10,135 42.0%
1890 12,823 26.5%
1900 14,132 10.2%
1910 16,248 15.0%
1920 18,365 13.0%
1930 18,443 0.4%
1940 21,651 17.4%
1950 19,388 −10.5%
1960 16,148 −16.7%
1970 16,252 0.6%
1980 18,809 15.7%
1990 17,962 −4.5%
2000 18,495 3.0%
2010 17,241 −6.8%
Est. 2016 16,546 [4] −4.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1790–1960[6] 1900–1990[7]
1990–2000[8] 2010–2016[1]

As of the census[9] of 2010, there were 17,241 people, 7,493 households, and 5,342 families residing in the county. The population density was 30 people per square mile (11/km2). There were 8,472 housing units at an average density of 14 per square mile (5/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 86.92% White, 11.93% Black or African American, 0.21% Native American, 0.15% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.27% from other races, and 0.51% from two or more races. 0.82% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

As of 2012 the largest self-reported ancestry groups in Fayette County were:

There were 7,493 households out of which 30.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.30% were married couples living together, 10.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.70% were non-families. 26.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.92.

In the county, the population was spread out with 22.30% under the age of 18, 8.20% from 18 to 24, 26.50% from 25 to 44, 25.30% from 45 to 64, and 17.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 93.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $28,539, and the median income for a family was $34,560. Males had a median income of $29,239 versus $20,606 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,439. About 13.10% of families and 17.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.30% of those under age 18 and 17.90% of those age 65 or over.

Life expectancy[edit]

Of 3,143 counties in the United States in 2013, Fayette County ranked 2,882 in the longevity of male residents and 3,091 of female residents. Males in Fayette County lived an average of 71.2 years and females lived an average of 75.3 years compared to the national average for longevity of 76.5 for males and 81.2 for females. The average longevity of men in Fayette County increased by 2.0 years from 1985 to 2013 compared to a national average for the same period of an increased life span for men of 5.5 years. The average longevity, however, for females in Fayette County declined by 4.2 years between 1985 and 2013 compared to the national average for the same period of an increased life span of 3.1 years for women. High rates of smoking and obesity and a low rate of physical activity appear to be contributing factors to the low level of longevity for both sexes.[10]

One study concluded that Fayette County between 1985 and 2010 was one of the few U.S. counties which saw a decline in the longevity of women, and that the decline in female longevity in Fayette Country was the largest of any county in the nation.[11]

Education[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Airport[edit]

Richard Arthur Field (Municipal)- A 5,000 ft (1,500 m) paved runway with JET A and 100LL fuel service. Located about 3 miles (4.8 km) northeast of the city center.

Rail[edit]

Government[edit]

Fayette County vote
by party in presidential elections [12]
Year GOP DNC Others
2016 81.4% 6,712 16.5% 1,362 2.1% 175
2012 76.1% 6,054 22.8% 1,817 1.1% 87
2008 73.9% 5,883 25.1% 1,994 1.0% 80
2004 69.2% 5,534 30.1% 2,408 0.8% 60
2000 58.7% 4,582 39.2% 3,064 2.1% 162
1996 44.3% 3,191 46.9% 3,381 8.8% 637
1992 42.6% 3,604 45.2% 3,830 12.2% 1,036
1988 57.4% 4,338 42.2% 3,186 0.4% 33
1984 64.6% 4,654 35.2% 2,533 0.2% 14
1980 48.8% 3,315 49.9% 3,389 1.3% 85
1976 34.4% 2,165 64.8% 4,076 0.7% 46
1972 83.5% 4,240 16.5% 836 0.0% 0
1968 13.3% 827 10.8% 676 75.9% 4,735
1964 71.3% 3,203 28.7% 1,287
1960 45.7% 1,923 54.1% 2,274 0.2% 8
1956 49.6% 1,948 49.8% 1,956 0.6% 24
1952 39.2% 1,481 60.5% 2,287 0.3% 11
1948 35.8% 580 64.2% 1,042
1944 35.5% 913 64.1% 1,648 0.4% 10
1940 25.9% 737 73.4% 2,091 0.7% 20
1936 24.4% 732 74.8% 2,244 0.8% 23
1932 26.5% 733 72.7% 2,013 0.8% 23
1928 59.8% 1,686 40.1% 1,131 0.0% 1
1924 41.3% 977 57.4% 1,358 1.4% 33
1920 56.4% 1,865 42.7% 1,413 0.9% 31
1916 39.7% 697 58.4% 1,026 1.9% 33
1912 28.5% 434 50.1% 762 21.4% 326
1908 43.8% 678 47.2% 731 9.0% 139
1904 39.4% 599 46.9% 712 13.7% 208

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Towns[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 16, 2014. 
  2. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 124. 
  3. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved August 22, 2015. 
  4. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved August 22, 2015. 
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved August 22, 2015. 
  7. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 24, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 22, 2015. 
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved August 22, 2015. 
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  10. ^ "Fayette County, Alabama", http://www.healthdata.org/sites/default/files/files/county_profiles/US/County_Report_Fayette_County_Alabama.pdf, accessed 12 Oct 2016
  11. ^ Wang et al, "Population Health Metrics", 2013, 11:8, http://www.pophealthmetrics.com/content/11/1/8, accessed 13 Oct 2016
  12. ^ "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Retrieved November 16, 2016. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 33°43′12″N 87°44′19″W / 33.72000°N 87.73861°W / 33.72000; -87.73861