Fayette County, Georgia

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Fayette County, Georgia
Fayette County GA courthouse.jpg
Seal of Fayette County, Georgia
Seal
Map of Georgia highlighting Fayette County
Location in the state of Georgia
Map of the United States highlighting Georgia
Georgia's location in the U.S.
Founded May 15, 1821
Named for Marquis de Lafayette
Seat Fayetteville
Largest city Peachtree City
Area
 • Total 199 sq mi (515 km2)
 • Land 194 sq mi (502 km2)
 • Water 5.0 sq mi (13 km2), 2.5%
Population
 • (2010) 106,567
 • Density 548/sq mi (212/km²)
Congressional districts 3rd, 13th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.fayettecountyga.gov

Fayette County is a county located in the U.S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 106,567.[1] The county seat is Fayetteville, which is located on the Flint River.[2]

Fayette County is included in the Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA Metropolitan Statistical Area and is located south of Fulton County and the state capital of Atlanta. As a suburb Fayette County has increased rapidly in population and development since the late 20th century.

Fayette County came into being after the Creek Indian cession of land at Indian Springs. Designated in 1821, it and the county seat, Fayetteville, are named for the Marquis de Lafayette, one of General George Washington's ablest lieutenants in the Revolutionary War.

History[edit]

Fayette County was created on May 15, 1821, from territory ceded by the Creek people, who had historically inhabited the area. It was named for the Marquis de Lafayette, French hero of the American Revolutionary War.[3] Located in the Piedmont, the county was originally developed for agriculture, primarily cotton cultivation.

Peachtree City was chartered in 1959 and developed here as the only planned community in the county and the Southeast; it covers 16,000-acres,[4] The county population has increased rapidly since the late twentieth century, following development of residential and other facilities, as it is a suburb south of Atlanta and part of the metropolitan area. This has required construction of numerous schools and other infrastructure to serve new residents.

Government[edit]

Until May 2013, county council and school board members were all elected at-large in the county. Because of the domination of voting by the large white majority in the county, the African-American minority was unable to elect their candidates of choice. The NAACP had tried to negotiate with the county board of commissioners since 1993 to change the system in order to increase diverse representation, but made not progress. A coalition represented by the NAACP Legal Defense Fund filed suit in August 2011 against both the county and school boards for violation of the Voting Rights Act of 1965. They asserted that the county at-large systems diluted the voting power of the significant minority of African Americans, who in 2013 comprised 20% of the county population.[5]

African Americans had been prevented by this system (and disenfranchisement prior to 1965) from electing a candidate of their choice to the county council or school board for 191 years. As a result of Georgia State Conference of the NAACP, et al. v. Fayette County Board of Commissioners, et al. (2013), the federal court ordered the county on May 22, 2013 to change its electoral system for the County Council and the County School Board to single-member districts, in order to correct and prevent such dilution of voting power. The court's ruling required "the Board of Commissioners and Board of Education to develop a district-based remedial plan that contains at least one district in which black voters comprise a majority of the voting-age population by June 25, 2013."[5]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 199 square miles (520 km2), of which 194 square miles (500 km2) is land and 5.0 square miles (13 km2) (2.5%) is water.[6] The Flint River passes through the county. Fayette is in the Flint River basin.

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1830 5,504
1840 6,191 12.5%
1850 8,709 40.7%
1860 7,047 −19.1%
1870 8,221 16.7%
1880 8,605 4.7%
1890 8,728 1.4%
1900 10,114 15.9%
1910 10,966 8.4%
1920 11,396 3.9%
1930 8,665 −24.0%
1940 8,170 −5.7%
1950 7,978 −2.4%
1960 8,199 2.8%
1970 11,364 38.6%
1980 29,043 155.6%
1990 62,415 114.9%
2000 91,263 46.2%
2010 106,567 16.8%
Est. 2014 109,664 [7] 2.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1790-1960[9] 1900-1990[10]
1990-2000[11] 2010-2013[1]

Based on the 2010 census and 2013 estimates, Fayette County has 108,365 people. The racial makeup of the county was 71.7% White; 21.4% Black or African American; 0.4% Native American, 4.3% Asian, 0.1% Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander; and 2.0% Two or More Races. 6.9% of the population was estimated as Hispanic or Latino of any race.[1]

As of the census[12] of 2000, there were 91,263 people, 31,524 households, and 25,975 families residing in the county. The population density was 463 people per square mile (179/km²). There were 32,726 housing units at an average density of 166 per square mile (64/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 80.96% White, 12.87% Black or African American, 0.21% Native American, 2.42% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.76% from other races, and 1.25% from two or more races. 2.83% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 31,524 households out of which 43.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 71.50% were married couples living together, 8.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 17.60% were non-families. 15.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.88 and the average family size was 3.20.

In the county the population was spread out with 29.10% under the age of 18, 6.50% from 18 to 24, 27.70% from 25 to 44, 27.80% from 45 to 64, and 8.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 95.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $71,227, and the median income for a family was $78,853 (these figures had risen to $79,498 and $89,873 respectively as of a 2007 estimate[13]). Males had a median income of $54,738 versus $33,333 for females. The per capita income for the county was $29,464. About 2.00% of families and 2.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.80% of those under age 18 and 4.60% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Fayette County is served by the Fayette County School System. As of a change in 2013 due to the federal lawsuit noted above, the five board members are elected from single-member districts. They hire a superintendent to manage daily operations of the schools.

High schools[edit]

Alternative schools[edit]

  • The Fayette County Alternative Education Program

Communities[edit]

Notable residents[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 22, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 124. 
  4. ^ Carolyn Cary, "Fayette County", New Georgia Encyclopedia, 2006/2015
  5. ^ a b ABS Staff, "Fayette County at-large election process violates the Voting Rights Act", Atlanta Black Star, 22 May 2013, accessed 11 April 2015
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  7. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 22, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 22, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 22, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 22, 2014. 
  12. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  13. ^ "Fayette County, Georgia – Fact Sheet – American FactFinder". Factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2010-07-22. 

Other reading[edit]

  • Carolyn C. Cary, ed., The History of Fayette County, 1821-1971 (Fayetteville, Ga.: Fayette County Historical Society, 1977).
  • Fayette County Historical Society, The Fayette County Georgia Heritage Book (Waynesville, N.C.: Walsworth, 2003).

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 33°25′N 84°29′W / 33.41°N 84.49°W / 33.41; -84.49