Fayette County, Iowa

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Fayette County, Iowa
CourthouseSquare.jpg
Fayette County Courthouse
Map of Iowa highlighting Fayette County
Location in the U.S. state of Iowa
Map of the United States highlighting Iowa
Iowa's location in the U.S.
Founded 1837
Named for Marquis de Lafayette
Seat West Union
Largest city Oelwein
Area
 • Total 731 sq mi (1,893 km2)
 • Land 731 sq mi (1,893 km2)
 • Water 0.5 sq mi (1 km2), 0.07%
Population
 • (2010) 20,880
 • Density 29/sq mi (11/km²)
Congressional district 1st
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website fayettecountyiowa.org

Fayette County is a county located in the U.S. state of Iowa. As of the 2010 census, the population was 20,880.[1] The county seat is West Union.[2]

History[edit]

Fayette County was founded on December 21, 1837 as a part of Wisconsin Territory. It was named after Gilbert du Motier, marquis de La Fayette,[3] a French general and politician, who came to America in 1777 in order to fight in the Revolutionary War, and who was named Major General of the Continental Army. The county was formed as part of a large reorganization of Dubuque County, which at that time comprised most of the northern half of Iowa, Minnesota, and parts of the Dakotas. Fayette County was granted the Minnesota and Dakotas territory on that date. It became part of Iowa Territory when it was formed on July 4, 1838.[4] Fayette County's size was drastically reduced into land that was part of the modern state of Iowa in 1843, then further split in 1847 after Iowa had achieved statehood. The county was organized in 1850.[5]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 731 square miles (1,890 km2), of which 731 square miles (1,890 km2) is land and 0.5 square miles (1.3 km2) (0.07%) is water.[6]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 825
1860 12,073 1,363.4%
1870 16,973 40.6%
1880 22,258 31.1%
1890 23,141 4.0%
1900 29,845 29.0%
1910 27,919 −6.5%
1920 29,251 4.8%
1930 29,145 −0.4%
1940 29,151 0.0%
1950 28,294 −2.9%
1960 28,581 1.0%
1970 26,898 −5.9%
1980 25,488 −5.2%
1990 21,843 −14.3%
2000 22,008 0.8%
2010 20,880 −5.1%
Est. 2016 20,054 [7] −4.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1790-1960[9] 1900-1990[10]
1990-2000[11] 2010-2013[1]

2010 census[edit]

The 2010 census recorded a population of 20,880 in the county, with a population density of 28.568/sq mi (11.030/km2). There were 9,558 housing units, of which 8,634 were occupied.[12]

2000 census[edit]

2000 Census Age Pyramid for Fayette County

As of the census[13] of 2000, there were 22,008 people, 8,778 households, and 5,951 families residing in the county. The population density was 30 people per square mile (12/km²). There were 9,505 housing units at an average density of 13 per square mile (5/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.71% White, 0.53% Black or African American, 0.13% Native American, 0.40% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.43% from other races, and 0.77% from two or more races. 1.50% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 8,778 households out of which 30.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.80% were married couples living together, 7.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.20% were non-families. 28.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 2.96.

In the county, the population was spread out with 25.00% under the age of 18, 8.60% from 18 to 24, 24.90% from 25 to 44, 22.40% from 45 to 64, and 19.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 97.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $32,453, and the median income for a family was $39,960. Males had a median income of $27,493 versus $20,099 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,271. About 8.20% of families and 10.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.30% of those under age 18 and 12.00% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Townships[edit]

Fayette County is divided into twenty townships:

Population ranking[edit]

The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Fayette County.[14]

county seat

Rank City/Town/etc. Municipal type Population (2010 Census)
1 Oelwein City 6,415
2 West Union City 2,486
3 Sumner (mostly in Bremer County) City 2,028
4 Fayette City 1,338
5 Fairbank (partially in Buchanan County) City 1,113
6 Elgin City 683
7 Clermont City 632
8 Maynard City 518
9 Hawkeye City 449
10 Arlington City 429
11 Wadena City 262
12 Waucoma City 257
13 Westgate City 211
14 St. Lucas City 143
15 Stanley (mostly in Buchanan County) City 125
16 Randalia City 68

Politics[edit]

Presidential Elections Results[15]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 56.3% 5,620 37.0% 3,689 6.7% 666
2012 43.3% 4,492 55.3% 5,732 1.4% 142
2008 41.0% 4,205 57.6% 5,908 1.5% 149
2004 49.4% 5,128 49.9% 5,185 0.8% 79
2000 49.3% 4,747 48.2% 4,640 2.4% 234
1996 40.0% 3,848 50.2% 4,832 9.8% 944
1992 35.7% 3,879 40.6% 4,412 23.7% 2,570
1988 47.8% 4,921 51.6% 5,304 0.6% 62
1984 57.6% 6,505 41.4% 4,677 1.1% 120
1980 55.3% 6,374 38.0% 4,377 6.7% 772
1976 54.7% 6,618 43.1% 5,220 2.2% 264
1972 60.8% 7,263 37.0% 4,413 2.2% 264
1968 59.3% 6,935 35.1% 4,098 5.6% 654
1964 44.6% 5,567 55.3% 6,900 0.1% 15
1960 61.2% 8,330 38.6% 5,256 0.2% 25
1956 61.5% 7,914 38.4% 4,935 0.1% 17
1952 67.4% 9,152 32.4% 4,403 0.3% 34
1948 53.5% 6,296 45.1% 5,303 1.4% 161
1944 56.5% 6,693 43.1% 5,105 0.4% 48
1940 57.4% 8,237 42.3% 6,066 0.3% 39
1936 44.0% 5,891 53.8% 7,210 2.2% 296
1932 39.7% 5,166 59.1% 7,690 1.3% 166
1928 66.7% 8,338 32.5% 4,061 0.9% 110
1924 50.2% 5,974 10.7% 1,272 39.1% 4,652
1920 79.1% 8,265 18.6% 1,941 2.3% 238
1916 60.8% 3,872 36.3% 2,311 2.9% 184
1912 19.1% 1,192 38.2% 2,379 42.7% 2,656[16]
1908 56.8% 3,369 38.5% 2,281 4.7% 278
1904 62.4% 3,978 32.5% 2,070 5.2% 328
1900 58.4% 3,984 39.7% 2,708 1.9% 131
1896 54.7% 3,522 43.8% 2,822 1.5% 96

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 17, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 10, 2015. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 124. 
  4. ^ "WI: Individual County Chronologies". publications.newberry.org. Retrieved 2016-09-28. 
  5. ^ "State and County Maps of Iowa". 2015-03-19. Archived from the original on 2015-03-19. Retrieved 2016-09-28. 
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  7. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved July 17, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 17, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 17, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 17, 2014. 
  12. ^ "Population & Housing Occupancy Status 2010". United States Census Bureau American FactFinder. Retrieved May 10, 2011. 
  13. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  14. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-12-21. Retrieved 2014-05-25. 
  15. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS
  16. ^ The leading "other" candidate, Progressive Theodore Roosevelt, received 2,240 votes, while Socialist candidate Eugene Debs received 250 votes, Prohibition candidate Eugene Chafin received 166 votes.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 42°51′54″N 91°50′58″W / 42.86500°N 91.84944°W / 42.86500; -91.84944