Fayette County, Ohio

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Fayette County, Ohio
Washington Courthouse Ohio.jpg
Seal of Fayette County, Ohio
Seal
Map of Ohio highlighting Fayette County
Location in the U.S. state of Ohio
Map of the United States highlighting Ohio
Ohio's location in the U.S.
Founded March 1, 1810[1]
Named for Marquis de Lafayette
Seat Washington Court House
Largest city Washington Court House
Area
 • Total 407 sq mi (1,054 km2)
 • Land 406 sq mi (1,052 km2)
 • Water 0.7 sq mi (2 km2), 0.2%
Population
 • (2010) 29,030
 • Density 71/sq mi (27/km²)
Congressional districts 10th, 15th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.fayette-co-oh.com

Fayette County is a county located in the U.S. state of Ohio. As of the 2010 census, the population was 29,030.[2] Its county seat is Washington Court House.[3] The county was named for the Marquis de Lafayette,[4] a Frenchman who was an officer in the American Army in the Revolution, when established on March 1, 1810.

Fayette County comprises the Washington Court House, OH Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Columbus-Marion-Zanesville, OH Combined Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Fayette County was formed on March 1, 1810 from portions of Highland County and Ross County. It was named after Marie-Joseph Motier, Marquis de La Fayette, a French general and politician who took the side of the Colonials during the American Revolutionary War and who played an important role in the French Revolution.[5]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 407 square miles (1,050 km2), of which 406 square miles (1,050 km2) is land and 0.7 square miles (1.8 km2) (0.2%) is water.[6]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1810 1,854
1820 6,316 240.7%
1830 8,182 29.5%
1840 10,984 34.2%
1850 12,726 15.9%
1860 15,935 25.2%
1870 17,170 7.8%
1880 20,364 18.6%
1890 22,309 9.6%
1900 21,725 −2.6%
1910 21,744 0.1%
1920 21,518 −1.0%
1930 20,755 −3.5%
1940 21,385 3.0%
1950 22,554 5.5%
1960 24,775 9.8%
1970 25,461 2.8%
1980 27,467 7.9%
1990 27,466 0.0%
2000 28,433 3.5%
2010 29,030 2.1%
Est. 2016 28,676 [7] −1.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1790-1960[9] 1900-1990[10]
1990-2000[11] 2010-2013[2]

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[12] of 2010, there were 29,030 people, 11,436 households, and 7,834 families residing in the county. The population density was 71.4 people per square mile (27.6/km²). There were 12,693 housing units at an average density of 31.2 per square mile (12.1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 94.63% White, 2.02% Black or African American, 0.23% Native American, 0.54% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.80% from other races, and 1.74% from two or more races. 1.79% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 11,436 households out of which 32.53% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.05% were married couples living together, 13.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.50% were non-families. 25.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.34% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 2.95.

In the county, the population was spread out with 24.67% under the age of 18, 7.88% from 18 to 24, 24.89% from 25 to 44, 27.59% from 45 to 64, and 14.97% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39.4 years. For every 100 females there were 96.69 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.56 males.

As of 2013, the median income for a household in the county was $37,619, and the median income for a family was $45,108. Males had a median income of $30,516 versus $20,223 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,603. About 16.1% of families and 20.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.4% of those under age 18 and 9.1% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 29,030 people, 11,436 households, and 7,834 families residing in the county.[13] The population density was 71.4 inhabitants per square mile (27.6/km2). There were 12,693 housing units at an average density of 31.2 per square mile (12.0/km2).[14] The racial makeup of the county was 94.6% white, 2.0% black or African American, 0.5% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.8% from other races, and 1.7% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.8% of the population.[13] In terms of ancestry, 21.9% were German, 15.4% were American, 10.6% were Irish, and 9.7% were English.[15]

Of the 11,436 households, 33.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.0% were married couples living together, 13.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.5% were non-families, and 25.8% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 2.95. The median age was 39.4 years.[13]

The median income for a household in the county was $39,599 and the median income for a family was $48,424. Males had a median income of $39,078 versus $31,434 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,525. About 12.9% of families and 17.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.6% of those under age 18 and 9.6% of those age 65 or over.[16]

Politics[edit]

Presidential Elections Results[17]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 71.2% 7,995 24.4% 2,739 4.4% 498
2012 60.0% 6,620 38.5% 4,249 1.5% 169
2008 60.6% 7,102 37.6% 4,401 1.8% 215
2004 62.7% 7,376 36.9% 4,334 0.4% 47
2000 61.3% 5,685 36.3% 3,363 2.5% 230
1996 50.3% 4,831 38.2% 3,665 11.6% 1,111
1992 48.7% 4,916 29.5% 2,976 21.8% 2,194
1988 69.7% 6,186 29.6% 2,623 0.7% 64
1984 75.8% 6,838 23.6% 2,126 0.6% 57
1980 64.3% 5,827 31.0% 2,810 4.8% 431
1976 55.2% 5,719 43.2% 4,477 1.6% 168
1972 73.3% 6,970 24.6% 2,344 2.1% 201
1968 52.0% 5,339 28.9% 2,966 19.1% 1,964
1964 42.7% 4,567 57.3% 6,128
1960 64.1% 7,085 35.9% 3,966
1956 66.0% 6,696 34.0% 3,449
1952 63.7% 6,800 36.3% 3,882
1948 58.0% 4,865 41.9% 3,513 0.2% 17
1944 60.1% 5,933 39.9% 3,945
1940 53.3% 5,984 46.7% 5,249
1936 45.3% 4,841 54.3% 5,807 0.4% 41
1932 44.7% 4,254 54.2% 5,157 1.0% 97
1928 65.2% 5,251 34.2% 2,752 0.6% 47
1924 60.3% 4,542 35.8% 2,696 4.0% 298
1920 58.6% 5,446 41.0% 3,812 0.5% 43
1916 50.5% 2,772 47.7% 2,616 1.8% 98
1912 39.7% 2,186 41.1% 2,261 19.2% 1,057
1908 56.8% 3,343 41.7% 2,451 1.5% 87
1904 62.5% 3,331 35.3% 1,880 2.3% 121
1900 56.9% 3,380 41.0% 2,438 2.1% 126
1896 54.5% 3,357 44.7% 2,748 0.8% 50
1892 55.3% 2,838 38.7% 1,989 6.0% 309
1888 58.4% 3,316 38.6% 2,192 2.9% 166
1884 58.9% 3,171 40.1% 2,160 1.0% 55
1880 57.0% 2,830 42.5% 2,111 0.5% 25
1876 55.6% 2,436 42.8% 1,874 1.6% 72
1872 57.9% 2,140 41.8% 1,545 0.3% 12

Government[edit]

Fayette County has a 3-member Board of County Commissioners that oversee the various County departments, similar to all but 2 of the 88 Ohio counties. Fayette County's elected commissioners are: Jack DeWeese, Tony Anderson, and Dan Dean.[18]

Transportation[edit]

Airport[edit]

Fayette County Airport is a general aviation facility owned by the county and located northeast of the city of Washington Court House.

Communities[edit]

Map of Fayette County, Ohio with Municipal and Township Labels

City[edit]

Villages[edit]

Townships[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Ohio County Profiles: Fayette County" (PDF). Ohio Department of Development. Retrieved 2007-04-28. 
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 7, 2015. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 10, 2015. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 124. 
  5. ^ Kilbourn, John (1833). The Ohio Gazetteer, or, a Topographical Dictionary. Scott and Wright. p. 194. Retrieved 12 December 2013. 
  6. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on May 4, 2014. Retrieved February 7, 2015. 
  7. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved February 7, 2015. 
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved February 7, 2015. 
  10. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 7, 2015. 
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved February 7, 2015. 
  12. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  13. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27. 
  14. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27. 
  15. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27. 
  16. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27. 
  17. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS
  18. ^ "County Commissioners". Fayette County Ohio Home Page. Retrieved December 16, 2014. 

Coordinates: 39°34′N 83°27′W / 39.56°N 83.45°W / 39.56; -83.45