Fayette County, Texas
|Named for||Marquis de la Fayette|
|Largest city||La Grange|
|• Total||960 sq mi (2,500 km2)|
|• Land||950 sq mi (2,500 km2)|
|• Water||9.8 sq mi (25 km2) 1.0%|
|• Density||25/sq mi (9.8/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−6 (Central)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−5 (CDT)|
Fayette County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2020 census, the population was 24,435. Its county seat is La Grange. The county was created in 1837 and organized the next year.
Fayette County was established in 1837 from land given by Bastrop and Colorado Counties. It is named for the Marquis de Lafayette, a French nobleman who became an American Revolutionary War hero.
More than a dozen historic properties are listed on the National Register of Historic Places in Fayette County.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 960 square miles (2,500 km2), of which 950 square miles (2,500 km2) are land and 9.8 square miles (25 km2) (1.0%) are covered by water.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
1850–2010 2010 2020
|Race / Ethnicity||Pop 2010||Pop 2020||% 2010||% 2020|
|White alone (NH)||18,038||17,041||73.46%||69.74%|
|Black or African American alone (NH)||1,599||1,383||6.51%||5.66%|
|Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH)||69||50||0.28%||0.20%|
|Asian alone (NH)||61||67||0.25%||0.27%|
|Pacific Islander alone (NH)||6||6||0.02%||0.02%|
|Some Other Race alone (NH)||25||72||0.10%||0.29%|
|Mixed Race/Multi-Racial (NH)||171||600||0.70%||2.46%|
|Hispanic or Latino (any race)||4,585||5,216||18.67%||21.35%|
Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.
As of the census of 2000, 21,804 people, 8,722 households, and 6,044 families resided in the county. The population density was 23 people per square mile (9/km2). The 11,113 housing units averaged 12 per square mile (5/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 84.58% White, 7.01% African American, 0.36% Native American, 0.22% Asian, 6.72% from other races, and 1.11% from two or more races. About 12.78% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race; 34.9% were of German, 16.4% Czech, 7.6% American, and 5.3% English ancestry according to Census 2000.
Christianity is the number-one religion and Judaism is the second.
Of the 8,722 households, 28.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.00% were married couples living together, 7.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.70% were not families. About 28.00% of all households were made up of individuals, and 16.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.97.
In the county, the population was distributed as 23.20% under the age of 18, 7.00% from 18 to 24, 23.60% from 25 to 44, 24.20% from 45 to 64, and 22.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.00 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $34,526, and for a family was $43,156. Males had a median income of $29,008 versus $20,859 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,888. About 8.10% of families and 11.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.70% of those under age 18 and 13.50% of those age 65 or over.
The county owns Fayette Regional Air Center, in an unincorporated area west of LaGrange.
Fayette County is home to three newspapers and two radio stations.
- Fayetteville Independent School District
- Flatonia Independent School District
- Giddings Independent School District
- La Grange Independent School District
- Round Top-Carmine Independent School District
- Schulenburg Independent School District
- Smithville Independent School District
- Weimar Independent School District
- Museums in Central Texas
- Nassau Plantation
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Fayette County, Texas
- Recorded Texas Historic Landmarks in Fayette County
- The Chicken Ranch, and The Best Little Whorehouse in Texas
- "Fayette County, Texas". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 30, 2022.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 3, 2015. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
- "Texas: Individual County Chronologies". Texas Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2008. Archived from the original on April 12, 2017. Retrieved May 23, 2015.
- Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 124.
- Alvarez, Elizabeth Cruce (November 8, 2011). Texas Almanac 2012–2013. Texas A&M University Press. pp. Contents. ISBN 9780876112571. Retrieved November 17, 2013.
- "Robison, Joel Walter". Texas State Historical Association. June 15, 2010. Retrieved August 2, 2015.
- "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved April 26, 2015.
- "Decennial Census of Population and Housing by Decades". US Census Bureau.
- "Texas Almanac: Population History of Counties from 1850–2010" (PDF). Texas Almanac. Retrieved April 26, 2015.
- "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE - 2010: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Fayette County, Texas". United States Census Bureau.
- "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE - 2020: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Fayette County, Texas". United States Census Bureau.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
- Wilson, Reid. The second-largest religion in each state, The Washington Post, June 4, 2014.
- Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved April 6, 2018.
- "2020 CENSUS - SCHOOL DISTRICT REFERENCE MAP: Fayette County, TX" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved June 29, 2022. - List
- Texas Education Code, Sec. 130.166. AUSTIN COMMUNITY COLLEGE DISTRICT SERVICE AREA..
- Fayette County government's website
- Fayette County, Texas from the Handbook of Texas Online
- Historic materials from Fayette County, hosted by the Portal to Texas History