|Fayette Historic State Park|
|Location||Fairbanks Township, Delta County, Michigan, United States|
|Area||711 acres (288 ha)|
|Elevation||673 feet (205 m) |
|Designation||Michigan state park|
|Administrator||Michigan Department of Natural Resources|
|Website||Fayette Historic State Park|
Fayette Historic State Park
|NRHP reference No.||70000269|
|Added to NRHP||February 16, 1970|
|Designated MSHS||August 23, 1956|
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Fayette Historic State Park is the state park of the historic town of Fayette in the U.S. state of Michigan. It is located on the Big Bay de Noc of Lake Michigan, between Snail Shell Harbor and Sand Bay, on the southern side of the Upper Peninsula, about 17 miles south of US 2. Fayette was the site of an industrial community that manufactured charcoal pig iron between 1867 and 1891. The town has been reconstructed into a living museum, showing what life was like in this town in the late 19th century. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1970.
Fayette was once one of the Upper Peninsula's most productive iron-smelting operations. Fayette grew up around two blast furnaces, a large dock, and several charcoal kilns, following the post-Civil War need for iron. Nearly 500 residents—many immigrating from Canada, the British Isles, and northern Europe—lived in and near the town that existed to make pig iron. During 24 years of operation Fayette's blast furnaces produced a total of 229,288 tons of iron, using local hardwood forests for fuel and quarrying limestone from the bluffs to purify the iron ore. When the charcoal iron market began to decline, the Jackson Iron Company closed its Fayette smelting operations in 1891. Another event leading to the demise of the Jackson Iron Company was the use of the hardwoods and limestone to purify the iron, leading to the exhaustion of hardwoods in the area. This was the main source for purifying the iron and therefore led to the decline of the Jackson Iron Company. After shutting down operations, many residents left Fayette in search of employment elsewhere, though some chose to stay nearby and used the land for farming.
Because of the closing of smelting operations, the town became a resort and fishing village. In 1916 it was purchased by a wealthy individual and turned into a summer resort. It continued in that capacity until 1946 when another individual purchased it, who eventually fell behind on taxes. Lastly, it was purchased by the Escanaba Paper Company, and was swapped to the Michigan government for timberland. As a result, Fayette became a state park in 1959.
Fayette Historic Townsite
Today, Fayette Historic Townsite is a living museum with many restored buildings. Visitors may walk through the buildings to learn about life in Fayette during the late 19th century. Over 20 buildings are open, with restoration continuing on other parts of the town.
The townsite is open daily for visitors from approx. May through October. A visitors center and museum store are also located at the park. There is no admission charge; however, a Michigan State Park permit is required.
There are 61 semi-modern campsites as of 2006[update]. Facilities include electrical service to all campsites and access to vault toilets and water. Most campsites are well shaded. Boat camping is allowed in Snail Shell Harbor, and space is on a first-come, first-served basis. There is a beach on Sand Bay (Lake Michigan) just a short distance from the campground. The picnic area is adjacent to the beach and offers a picnic shelter, grills and vault toilets. Playground equipment and horseshoe courts are available.
The park offers about 5 miles (8.0 km) of hiking trails. The trails are groomed in the winter for cross-country skiing. Trails wind through a hardwood forest, up beside dolomite cliffs (which are part of the Niagara Escarpment) and throughout the historic townsite.
- Spider Cave: an archaeological site within the park.
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- "Fayette Historic State Park". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey, United States Department of the Interior.
- "When were Michigan state parks and recreation areas established?" (PDF). Michigan Department of Natural Resources. Retrieved April 5, 2020.
- "Fayette Historic State Park". Michigan Department of Natural Resources. Retrieved June 30, 2018.
- "Fayette". NPGallery. National Park Service. Retrieved June 30, 2018.
- "General Management Plan: Fayette Historic State Park" (PDF). Michigan Department of Natural Resources. September 2010. Retrieved June 30, 2018.
- "Fayette Historic Townsite". Michigan History Center. Retrieved April 5, 2020.
- "NASA Earth Observations Data Set Index". NASA. Retrieved 30 January 2016.