10 November 1930 |
Ludhiana, State of Punjab, British Raj
|Residence||Islamabad, Islamabad Capital Territory|
|Institutions||National Center for Physics (NCP)
Quaid-i-Azam University (QAU)
Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission (PAEC)
King Abdul Aziz University (KAAU)
Ummal Qura University (UQU)
King Saud University (KSU)
European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
Rutherford Appleton Laboratory (RAL)
Enrico Fermi Institute for Nuclear Studies (EFINC)
University of Chicago (UC)
|Alma mater||University of Punjab
Imperial College, London
|Doctoral advisor||Abdus Salam|
|Other academic advisors||Rafi Muhammad Chaudhry|
|Notable students||Ahmed Ali, Masud Ahmed|
|Known for||His research work on Theoretical Particle Physics with Emphasis on Gauge Theories, Chiral symmetry, Heavy Quark Spin Symmetry and phenomenology of Particle Interactions|
|Notable awards||Hilal-i-Imtiaz (2000)|
Fayyazuddin or Fayyaz Uddin, HI (Urdu: فيا ض ا لدين) (born 10 November 1930), is a Pakistani theoretical physicist and an Emeritus Professor of Theoretical and Mathematical Physics at National Centre for Physics and Quaid-e-Azam University, Islamabad. He is a senior scientist at the National Center for Physics where his research is engaged to the fields of quantum mechanics, particle physics, and meson physics. He is a brother of physicist Riazuddin and the student of Abdus Salam. Along with Riazuddin, he has published numerous physics papers and has co-authored the Quantum Mechanics by Fayyazuddin and Riazuddin which was published in 2000.
Born in Ludhiana, Fayyazuddin and Riazuddin received their intermediate education from there. Following the partition of India, the family migrated to Lahore, Pakistan. He along with his brother Riazuddin attended Punjab University. Fayyazuddin did his BA with honours in Mathematics from Punjab University, followed by his in MSc Mathematical physics under the supervision of Abdus Salam. His master's degree dissertation were written on the "Methods of Mathematical Physics", which was jointly written with Riazuddin. In 1953, he did his M.Phil. in Particle physics, writing his another master thesis on "Energy Loss of Mesons in Crystals", under the supervision of Rafi Muhammad Chaudhry from the same alma mater. After his MSc and M.Phil, Fayyaz moved to Karachi and joined the Karachi University where he became a lecturer of physics.
After teaching Mathematics and Physics at the Karachi University, Fayyaz, on his brother's advice, travelled to United Kingdom in 1959. He attended Imperial College London where Abdus Salam and Riazuddin were also teaching. He was awarded his PhD. in theoretical Particle physics under the supervision of Prof. Abdus Salam (late) in 1962. Fayyazuddin's dissertation where written on "Preliminary Analysis of Photoproduction of K Mesons in the Mandelstam Representation". Following his PhD, Fayyaz came back to Pakistan and joined Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission (PAEC).
Fayyazuddin joined Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission (PAEC) in 1962 where he worked under Abdus Salam. At the PAEC, he continued his research on the cosmic ray mu mesons. He then published his research journal on the basis of the Bethe-Bloch theory, in which the theory supports the idea of a logarithmic increase of ionization loss for relativistic particles. At the time he published his thesis, there was a controversy between two sets of experiments, Fayyazuddin founded interested to perform the experiment.
Fayyazuddin on a post-doctoral research went to United States where he joined his brother. Fayyaz was offered post doctoral research at the Enrico Fermi Institute at the University of Chicago where he also met a noted physicist Faheem Hussain.[self-published source?] At the Institute, Fayyazuddin, along with Faheem Hussain, Riazuddin, Peter Rotteli formed "The Relativity Group" where the team of young scientists carried out the research to the fields of special relativity. In 1968, when the Institute of Physics was established at the then-University of Islamabad by the Abdus Salam's effort, the scientists returned the Pakistan reluctantly. Fayyazuddin, along with Faheem Hussain, Arif-uz-Zaman, and Sarwar Razmi, joined the Institute of Physics. Due to their contribution, the institute was an active centre of research in theoretical particle physics and its presence was felt at an international level.
In 1970, Fayyazuddin went to Great Britain where he joined the Rutherford Appleton Laboratories as a research associate scientist. In 1972, Fayyazudin returned to Pakistan where he joined the Institute of Physics of Quaid-e-Azam University. In 1972, Fayyazuddin, including with mathematician Munir Ahmad Rashid, attended the Multan meeting – a meeting in which Pakistan decided to developed the atomic weapon. He joined the Theoretical Physics Group under his brother's guidance, and, he took participation in Fast neutron calculations – a key calculation to developed the weapon – and contributed in the calculations in Neutron fluxes. In 1973, Fayyazuddin then travelled to Geneva, Switzerland where he became a visiting scientist European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN). At CERN, he purposed the Calibrations and Fayyazuddin-Smith spacetimes, the theory describe intersecting M5-branes admits a generalised Kähler calibration. Equipped with this understanding, Fayyazuddin and Smith were able to construct spacetimes corresponding to further classes of calibrated p-brane world-volume solitons. The theory also noted that these classes of spacetimes also describe the fields of p-branes wrapping certain supersymmetric cycles of Calabi-Yau manifolds. In 1977, he came back to Pakistan and joined Quaid-i-Azam University where he subsequently became a dean of Faculty of Natural Sciences whereas he also became a professor of physics. In 1980, he went to Saudi Arabia where he became a full professor of physics at the King Saud University at Riyadh; a full professor of physics at the Ummal Qura University at Mecca where he stayed till 1996. After teaching in Saudi Arabia for more than a decade, Fayyazuddin came back to Pakistan in 2005 where he joined Quaid-i-Azam University. In 2007, Fayyazuddin joined National Center for Physics as a senior scientist. In 2008, he was awarded HEC Distinguished Professor Award by the Higher Education Commission of Pakistan. In 2000, President of Pakistan General Pervez Musharraf conferred on him Pakistan's Second high civilian award Hilal-i-Imtiaz for his diverse contributions to research in physics and the contribution to science.
Awards and honours
- Hilal-i-Imtiaz, Government of Pakistan (2000)
- HEC Distinguished Professor Award (2007)
- Khawarzmi International Award in Physics (2003)
- Gold Medal (Jointly with Riazuddin), Pakistan Academy of Sciences (1979)
- D. Dwyer Bhawani Dass Gold Medal, Government College University (1951)
Fellowships and memberships
- A fellow of the The Academy of Sciences for the Developing World (TWAS)
- A research member, National Center for Physics, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad, (1999)
- An Associate Member at the International Center for Theoretical Physics (1966–1969) (1972–1980), (1983–1993)
- An honorary Member of American Physical Society (1977)
- A Life Member of Pakistan Physical Society (1999)
- A Member, Syndicate, Quaid-i-Azam University (1975–1977).
- Development of Science and its Impact on Society
- First LHC School, National Center for Physics (2009)
- Calibrations and Fayyazuddin-Smith Spacetimes
- The Kawarabayashi-Suzuki-Riazuddin-Fayyazuddin relation and strong mesonic couplings in the cloudy bag model.
- Riazuddin, A.Q. Sarker, Fayyazuddin (1 August 1968). "Current algebra, spectral function sum rules and the f − (0) / ƒ+(0) ratio in Kℓ3 decay". Nuclear Physics B 6 (5): 515–522. Bibcode:1968NuPhB...6..515R. doi:10.1016/0550-3213(68)90297-6.
- Fayyazuddin, Riazuddin (4 July 1974). "The ΔI = 1/2 rule in non-leptonic weak decays". Nuclear Physics B 76 (1): 125–136. Bibcode:1974NuPhB..76..125F. doi:10.1016/0550-3213(74)90142-4.
- Radioactive D* decay using vector meson dominance by Riazuddin and Fayyazuddin
- Current Algebra and Its Consequences by Fayyazuddin. Papers presented in Center for Advanced Mathematics and Physics (CAMP), National University of Sciences and Technology
- Quantum Mechanics by Fayyazuddin and Riazuddin, World Scientific, Singapore, 2000
- A Modern Introduction to Particle Physics, 2nd edition, World Scientific, Singapore, 2000.
- Selected Papers of Abdus Salam, with Commentary by A. Ali, Abdus Salam, Fayyazuddin, Riazuddin
- COMSTECH, Standing Committee on Scientific and Technological Cooperation; National Center for Physics (2009). "Physics – Dr. Fayyazuddin" (PDF). Retrieved 2010.
- ICTP, International Centre for Theoretical Physics (1999). "News From Associates". ICTP News Press. Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics. Retrieved 2010.
- Quantum mechanics. Singapore and Islamabad: World Scientific. 2000. pp. 1–467. ISBN 9971-5-0752-8.
- PAS, Pakistan Academy of Sciences. "Fellows of the Academy". Retrieved 2010.
- "Prof. Abdus Salam, As I know him" (pdf). NCP. National Center for Physics. Retrieved 2010.
- "Salam, As I know him" (PDF). Quaid-i-Azam University. National Centre for Physics. Retrieved 2010.
- "Fiazudin" ((html)). Mathematics Genealogy Project. Retrieved 2010.
- "Preliminary Analysis of Photoproduction of K Mesons in the Mandelstam Representation". Physical Review 123 (5): 1882. Bibcode:1961PhRv..123.1882F. doi:10.1103/PhysRev.123.1882.
- Rehman, Shahid-Ur- (1999). Long Road to Chagai: Early Days of PAEC. Print Wise Publications. p. 5.
- Fayyazuddin, 17 October 2009, retrieved 2010
- Rahman, Shahidur (1999), The Theoretical Physics Group: A Cue from Manhattan Project., Islamabad: Printwise publications, pp. 78–80
- Fayyazuddin and Smith; Cho, H; Emam, M; Kastor, D A; Traschen, J. "Calibrations and Fayyazuddin-Smith Spacetimes". CERN.
- HEC, Higher Education Commission (2010), Dr. Fayyazuddin (PDF), retrieved 2010
- HEC, Higher Education Commission (2009). "HEC Distinguished National Professor" (Microsoft Word). Retrieved 2010.
- ICTP, International Centre for Theoretical Physics (2000). "News from Associates". Retrieved 2010.