|President of Muttahida Majlis-e-Amal|
|Assumed office |
20 March 2018
|Emir of Jamiat Ulema-e Islam (F)|
|Assumed office |
|Leader of the Opposition|
25 May 2004 – 15 November 2007
|Prime Minister||Shaukat Aziz|
|Preceded by||Benazir Bhutto|
|Succeeded by||Chaudhry Pervaiz Elahi|
|Member of the National Assembly of Pakistan|
1 June 2013 – 31 May 2018
18 November 2002 – 18 November 2007
17 March 2008 – 31 May 2013
16 October 1993 – 5 November 1996
2 December 1988 – 6 August 1990
|Born||19 June 1953|
Dera Ismail Khan, NWFP, Pakistan
|Political party||Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam (F)|
|Muttahida Majlis-e-Amal (MMA) (2002–2008)|
|Children||Asad Mehmood (son)|
|Relatives||Maulana Lutf ur Rehman (brother)|
|Net worth||₨7.7 million (US$73,000)|
Maulana Fazl-ur-Rehman (Urdu: مولانا فضل الرحمٰن; born 19 June 1953) is a Pakistani politician who is the current President of the Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam (F). Rehman previously served as Leader of the Opposition from 2004 to 2007. Rehman had been a member of the National Assembly of Pakistan between 1988 and May 2018.
Rehman hails from a religious and political family Dera Ismail Khan. His father, Mufti Mahmud was an Islamic scholar and politician who served as the chief minister of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa from 1972 to 1973.
Rehman begun his political career as the secretary general of Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam in 1980 at the age of 27 after the death of his father Mufti Mahmud who was the leader of Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam before his death.
Rehman was elected as the member of the National Assembly of Pakistan in Pakistani general elections, 1988 for the first time on from D.I.Khan seat. He then made connections with Afghan Taliban.
Rehman was elected as the member of the National Assembly of Pakistan in Pakistani general elections, 1993 for the second time on Islamic Jamhoori Mahaz ticket from D.I.Khan seat. Rehman was appointed as the chairman of the Standing Committee for Foreign Affairs in National Assembly of Pakistan.
Rehman led several anti-American protest, and pro-Taliban rallies in the major cities of Pakistan following the war in Afghanistan in 2001. He criticised then President of United States George W. Bush, and threatened to launch jihad, against the United States if the bombings continued. He also criticised and warned then President of the Pakistan Pervez Musharraf that he would be overthrown if he continued to support for the “War on Terror”. In October 2001, Pervez Musharraf placed Rehman under house arrest in his native village Abdul Khel for inciting the citizens of Pakistan against the armed forces of Pakistan and for trying to overthrow the government of Pakistan. Later in March 2002, Rehman was set free and the cases against him were withdrawn.
Rehman was elected as the member of the National Assembly of Pakistan in Pakistani general elections, 2002 for the third time on Muttahida Majlis-e-Amal ticket. He won on two seats, NA-24 and NA-25, the later was vacated.
He served as the leader of the opposition from 2004 to 2007.
Rehman ran for the seat of the National Assembly of Pakistan in Pakistani general elections, 2008 for the sixth time on Muttahida Majlis-e-Amal ticket from two constituencies, NA-24, D.I. Khan which is his traditional constituency and NA-26, Bannu In September 2008, he was elected chairman of the Kashmir committee of the National Assembly of Pakistan.
Rehman was elected as the member of the National Assembly of Pakistan for the fourth time on Muttahida Majlis-e-Amal ticket from Bannu constituency, however he lost the election in D.I. Khan constituency. By 2008, Rehman distanced himself from Taliban and called himself a moderate.
In May 2014, Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif gave him the status of a federal minister for being the chairman of special committee of the National Assembly on Kashmir. In August 2017, Prime Minister Shahid Khaqan Abbasi gave him the same status again. Upon the dissolution of the National Assembly on the expiration of its term on 31 May 2018, he ceased to hold the status of a federal minister.
On 27 August 2018, several opposition parties including Pakistan Muslim League (N), nominated him as a candidate in the 2018 presidential election. On 4 September 2018, he clinched 184 electoral votes behind Arif Alvi (352) and ahead of Aitzaz Ahsan (124) in the election.
Rehman was generally considered a pro-Taliban politician in Pakistan, known for his close ties to Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan. However he called himself a moderate with no connections with the Islamic extremists and religious hardliners. He also called for imposition of Sharia law in Pakistan in the past, but later formed alliances with secular political parties in Pakistan.
He is also known for changing his ideologies and alliances with the political parties in Pakistan.
In 2011, Rehman had been the target of two assassination attempt one after another but remained unhurt in both. First attack came when a suicide bomber blew himself up near a convoy while Rehman was heading towards Peshawar-Islamabad Motorway and one day later, he was attacked again when a suicide bomber blew himself near a convoy of Rehman in which twelve people were killed.
In 2014, Rehman car was damaged when a suspected suicide bomber detonated his explosives outside a JUI-F rally in Quetta. At least two people were killed and dozens injured, however he was unhurt in the attack. Banned militant group, Jundullah, claimed responsibility for the attack.
- Hussain, Javed (7 August 2018). "MMA announces name of Fazl's son as nominee for NA deputy speaker post". DAWN.COM. Retrieved 8 August 2018.
- "Two ex-PMs among top politicians who have not personal car". thenews.com.pk. 27 June 2018.
- "If elections are held on time…". www.thenews.com.pk. Retrieved 4 December 2017.
- Guidère, Mathieu (2012). Historical Dictionary of Islamic Fundamentalism. Scarecrow Press. p. 365. ISBN 9780810879652. Archived from the original on 31 January 2017. Retrieved 19 January 2017.
- "Detail Information". 23 March 2011. Archived from the original on 23 March 2011. Retrieved 9 July 2017.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
- "Maulana Fazlur Rehman". DAWN.COM. 5 April 2013. Archived from the original on 16 January 2017. Retrieved 14 January 2017.
- "Detail Information". www.pildat.org. PILDAT. Archived from the original on 25 April 2017. Retrieved 24 April 2017.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
- "Profile: Maulana Fazlur Rahman". BBC. 6 November 2002. Archived from the original on 16 January 2017. Retrieved 14 January 2017.
- "PARTY PROFILES: The party's on -DAWN – Herald Election 2008;". Dawn. 7 September 2008. Archived from the original on 7 September 2008. Retrieved 17 January 2017.
- "Maulana Fazl, Samiul Haq under house arrest". DAWN.COM. 8 October 2001. Archived from the original on 18 January 2017. Retrieved 17 January 2017.
- Trivedi, Dinesh (3 June 2007). "India, Pak MPs clash over draft declaration on Kashmir". Outlook India. Archived from the original on 7 December 2013. Retrieved 3 July 2012.
- Walsh, Declan (30 November 2010). "Pakistan's President Asif Ali Zardari 'Prepared for Assassination' – WikiLeaks Cables Profiling Husband of Late Benazir Bhutto Say He Has Named His Successor Should He Also Be Killed". The Guardian. London. Archived from the original on 17 September 2013. Retrieved 13 December 2010.
- "32 titanic clashes on the cards". DAWN.COM. 18 February 2008. Archived from the original on 18 January 2017. Retrieved 17 January 2017.
- "Fazl elected chairman of NA's Kashmir committee". DAWN.COM. 17 September 2008. Archived from the original on 31 August 2017. Retrieved 31 August 2017.
- Reporter, The Newspaper's Staff (27 August 2017). "Status of federal minister conferred on Fazl". DAWN.COM. Archived from the original on 31 August 2017. Retrieved 31 August 2017.
- "Notification" (PDF). Cabinet division. Archived from the original (PDF) on 1 June 2018. Retrieved 1 June 2018.
- Ghori, Habib Khan (21 March 2018). "Maulana Fazl to head recently revived MMA". DAWN.COM. Retrieved 21 March 2018.
- Ghori, Habib Khan (14 December 2017). "Five religious parties join forces to revive MMA". DAWN.COM. Retrieved 21 March 2018.
- "Opposition, sans PPP nominate Fazl as presidential candidate". The News. 27 August 2018. Retrieved 30 August 2018.
- Chaudhry, Fahad (September 5, 2018). "PTI's Arif Alvi officially declared winner of 13th presidential election". Dawn.
- "JUI to strive for Sharia through ballot, says Fazl". DAWN.COM. 23 September 2012. Archived from the original on 18 January 2017. Retrieved 17 January 2017.
- Sherani, Syed Ali Shah | Hafeezullah (12 May 2017). "25 killed as Deputy Chairman Senate Haideri's convoy hit by explosion in Mastung". DAWN.COM. Archived from the original on 12 May 2017. Retrieved 12 May 2017.
- "Fazl escapes second attack in two days". DAWN.COM. 31 March 2011. Archived from the original on 31 January 2017. Retrieved 19 January 2017.
- Newspaper, From the (30 March 2011). "Suicide bomber targets Maulana Fazl's convoy; 10 killed". Archived from the original on 4 June 2016. Retrieved 2 August 2016.
- Shah, Syed Ali (23 October 2014). "Two killed as JUI-F chief Fazlur Rehman escapes suicide attack in Quetta". Dawn.com. Archived from the original on 21 April 2016. Retrieved 2 August 2016.
| Leader of the Opposition
Chaudhry Pervaiz Elahi