This article relies largely or entirely on a single source. (December 2014)
|Title||Second Sheikh ul-Islam of the Caucasus|
|Died||1885 (aged 102–103)|
|Based in||Tbilisi, Russian Empire|
|Period in office||1846-1862|
|Post||Sheikh ul-Islam of the Caucasus|
Fazil Iravani was born in Yerevan and got his primary religious education in same city. He went on to continue his education in 1802 to Al-Azhar University. He was akhund of Isfahan and Tabriz in his 40s.
He was appointed as deputy of Mahammadali Huseinzadeh in 1843. He was appointed as Sheikh ul-Islam of the Caucasus prior to former's resignation. He reformed many clerical issues, including taking nikah rights from mosque mullahs and handing it over to more educated akhunds. He resigned his post in 1862. He died in 1885 in very old age. He was succeeded by Ahmad Huseinzadeh.
He was the author of famous novel The Rose and the Nightingale.